Puraan | 9-Bhavishya Puraan | 2-Madhyam Parv
9-Bhavishya Puraan, 2-Madhyam Parv, p 223-242
This section, Madhyam Parv, is on p 223-270, and is divided into three parts. It covers the description of Universe, Poort Karm, Yagya, Pratishthaa method of various Devtaa. It also covers Time, Daan, Praayashchit etc topics also.
(Chap 1) Jaya to Bhagavaan Bhaaskar, Jaya to Muraaree, Jaya to Rudra Bhagavaan, Jaya to Bhagavaan Chitrabhaanu.
Once Muni asked Romharshan Soot Jee about Puraan Sanhitaa. He said after bowing to Satyavatee's son Ved Vyaas Jee - "I tell you the story of the Puraan which destroys all sins. This Puraan, told by Vishnu, is very holy, I tell you its Madhyam Parv now. It describes Dev Pratishthaa and Ishtaa Poort Karm. The root and the origin of all the three Aashram is Grihasth Aashram, because in this Aashram only Dharm is followed. When one is without Dharm (religion), Arth and Kaam (wealth, and desires) also abandon him, therefore one should consider Dharm as his base. Dharm, Arth and Kaam are called Tri-Varg. They are the three gun - Sat, Raj and Tam respectively. Only Saatwik or religious people make progress; Raajas people attain medium status and Taamas people get the lowest status. Who follow Arth and Kaam basing on Dharm, they enjoy pleasures in this world and attain Moksh in the end. Brahm knower says that one can get everything by Dharm. Dharm has holding power which is Braahmaa power and that is unlimited. Dharm is attained by Karm and Gyaan (knowledge), therefore one should follow Karm Yog with knowledge.
With the Pravritti and Nivritti aspects, Vaidik Karm are of two types. When one abandons [worldly matters] because of knowledge, is called Sanyaas. Sanyaasee and Yogee's Karm are towards Nivritti; while a Grihasth's Ved prescribed Karm are towards Pravritti. When Pravritti is completed then the person who desires for Moksh, should proceed towards Nivritti; otherwise one has to come back in the world. When Braahman follow Grihasth Dharm properly, they attain Prajaapati Lok; when Kshatriya follow Grihasth Dharm properly, thay attain Indra Lok; when Vaishya follow their Grihasth Dharm properly, they attain Amrit Lok; and when Shoodra follow their Grihasth Dharm properly, they attain Gandharv Lok.
Creation and 14 Lok
(Chap 2-3) Soot Jee said - "Now I tell you about Kaal cycle. Before any creation, this whole thing was covered in the utmost darkness, only Rudra was present. First he created Man (mind), and then Ahankaar. From Ahankaar appeared - sound, touch, Roop (seeing), taste, and smell named Panch Tanmaatraa and Panch Mahaa-Bhoot. Among these 10, 8 are Prakriti (means which produce others) - Prakriti (nature), Buddhi (intelligence), Ahankaar, seeing, taste, smell, sound, and touch Tanmaatraa.
5 Mahaa-Bhoot, 5 Gyaan Indriyaan, 5 Karm Indriyaan and mind - these 16 are their Vikriti (Vikaar or Swaroop or forms). These are not of anything's Prakriti, because nothing appears from them. Sound, touch, seeing, taste, and smell are the subjects of 5 Gyaan Indriyaa - ear, skin, eyes, tongue, and nose respectively.
Vaayu (air) is of 5 types - Praan, Apaan, samaan, Udaan and Vyaan. There are three Gun - Sat, Raj, and Tam. Since Prakriti has three Gun, that is why this whole world is also with three Gun. Brahmaa, Vishnu and Shambhoo appeared from the power of Vaasudev. Vaasudev has no body, has no beginning and is not born [as other people are born]. There is nothing beyond Him. He creates, sustains and destroys living beings in every Kalp.
There are 72 Yug in 1 Manvantar, 14 Manvantar in 1 Kalp. This 1 Kalp is Brahmaa's only one day excluding night. Bhoor Lok, Bhuvar Lok, Swar Lok, Jan Lok, Tapo Lok, Satya lok and Brahm Lok - these are seven Lok (world) [above]; and these seven are said as Paataal Lok - Paataal, Vital, Atal, Tal, Talaatal, Sutal and Rasaatal. Rudra lives in their beginning, middle and at the end. The desire to attain Brahm is called "Oordhwa Gati" (desire to go upward).
Thus, first of all Paramaatmaa created Prakriti. From that Prakriti appeared Brahmaa and Vishnu. After that Naimittik creation appeared from Buddhi (intellect). In this series, Brahmaa created first Braahman, then he created Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shoodra. He created Prithvi (Earth), Antariksh (Space) and directions. Then he created Lokaalok, islands, rivers, mountains, seas, Teerth, rainbows, lightning etc. After their time is finished, they get absorbed in the same Param Brahm.
Lok, is 20 million (2 Crore) Yojan long Mahar Lok.
Wherever Sanat Kumaar live, that Lok is called Brahm Lok. There lives Brahmaa also. Yogee etc describes Brahm Lok like this - "This is the Lok for who wish to attain Parampad. There is no sorrow of any kind. Whoever goes there, he becomes like Vishnu and Shankar. One attains this shining place like millions of Suns with great difficulty. One cannot describe this city." Naaraayan's palace is also there in this Brahm Dhaam. It is called Vishnu Lok also. When somebody has come here, he doesn't go back. Above this Brahm Lok, there is Shubh place; and above that Vahni is spread, there lives Shiv with Paarvatee Jee. The same is Rudra Lok.
Below Prithvi are Mahaatal etc Paataal Lok. Mahaatal Lok is adorned with gold, various kinds of palaces and temples. Here live Bhagavaan Anant, intelligent Muchukund and Daitya Raaj Bali. Bhagavaan Shankar lives in mountainous Rasaatal Lok. Sutal is of yellow color, Vital is of red coral color, Vital is of white color and Tal is of black color. Here lives Vaasuki, Kaalnemi, Namuchi, Shankukarn, and other Naag. And below Tal Lok are several Narak. Below all Paataal is the Vaishnavee body of Shesh - otherwise known as Anant.
(Chap 4) Soot Jee said - "Now I describe you Bhoor Lok. In Bhoor Lok, there are seven islands - Jamboo, Pluksh, Shaalmali, Kush, Kraunch, Shaak and Pushkar which are surrounded by seven seas. One island from the second island, and one sea from the other sea are of just double their size. Ksheer (milk), Ikshu (sugarcane juice), Kshaar (salty), Ghrit (ghee or clarified butter), Dadhya (buttermilk), Ksheer-salil, and Jal (sweet water) - these are the seven oceans. This Prithvi is of 50 million Yojan wide and is surrounded by sea. Jamboo island is in the middle of all of them. In the center of that island is golden Meru Parvat. Its height above the surface is 84,000 Yojan, and below the surface it is 16,000 Yojan. Its extent towards the upper part is 32,000 Yojan while on the surface is 16,000 Yaojan. Thus this Parvat looks like a lotus flower.
South to this Parvat are Hemkoot and Nishadh named Parvat; and in north are Neel, Shwet and Shringee named Parvat. In the middle are two Parvat, Nishadh and Neel, of 100,000 (1 Lakh) Yojan wide. The other ones are less 10,000 Yojan than them - Hemkoot and Shwet are of 90,000 Yojan, and Himvaan and Shringee are of 80,000 Yojan wide. They all are 2,000 Yojan high and 2,000 Yojan wide.
To the south of Meru Parvat is Bhaarat Varsh. After that is Kimpurush Varsh, and Hari Varsh. In the north of Meru Parvat are Champak, Ashwa, Hiranyamaya and Uttarkuru Varsh. They all are like Bhaarat Varsh. They all are 9,000 Yojan in extent. In the middle of them is Ilaavrit Varsh and in the center of Ilaavrit Varsh is Meru Varsh. Ilaavrit Varsh is 9,000 Yojan round Meru Parvat. There are four Parvat around Meru Parvat. They are its four nails which are 10,000 high. Among them, Mandar is in the east, Gandhmaadan is in the south, Vipul is in the west, and Supaarshwa is in the north. On all these mountains are Kadamb, Jamboo, Peepal and banyan trees. Bdecause of this Jamboo tree this island is called Jambooo island. Its fruits are as big as an elephant. When they fall on the Parvat, they crack and spread all over. The juice come out of those fruits makes a river called Jamboo whose water is drank by the people who live there. Because of that water, those people do not suffer with sweating, foul odor, old age and degeneration of Indriyaan. The soil on the banks of that river, later becomes converted into "Jaamboonad" named gold whose ornaments are made by the people who live there.
In the east of Meru is Bhadraashwa Varsh, and in the west of Meru is Ketumaal Varsh; and in the midst of them is Ilaavrit Varsh. Brahmaa lives on Meru Parvat, Indra lives above Brahmaa, and Shankar lives above Indra. Above Shankar's place is Vaishnav Lok and above Vaishnav Lok is Durgaa Lok. Above Durgaa Lok is Divine Jyotirmaya place and above that is the place for Bhakt, where lives Soorya. Soorya is situated unmoved in the center of Jyotirmaya Chakra and revolves around it through sign circle. Dikpaal and planets seem to go round from south to north. When Soorya crosses lunar month, it is called Mal Maas (Adhik Maas). Soorya (Sun), Budh (Mercury), Chandra (Moon) and Shukra (Venus) planets move fast. When Soorya takes up Dakshinaayan path, he moves below all the planets. Moon moves over him, and all Nakshatra Mandal move over Moon. Over Nakshatra is Mercury, over Mercury is Venus, over Venus is Mars, over Mars is Jupiter, over Jupiter is Saturn, over Saturn is Saptarshi Mandal and over Saptarshi Mandal is situated Dhruv (Polar star).
Glory of Braahman
(Chap 5) Shree Soot Jee said - "Among three Varn, Braahman are the highest since birth. Braahman has been created through Tapasyaa to protect Havya and Kavya. Dev Gan accept their share through their mouth only, therefore who can be higher than them? Whose all the 48 Sanskaar are performed, the same is true Braahman. If Braahman are pleased with somebody, Vishnu is also pleased with him. Braahman, because of his knowledge, is necessary in Devtaa worship, Pitra Karm, Yagya, marriage, Shaanti Karm etc. Without him they become useless. When one sees a Braahman, he should greet him with Bhakti. By his blessings he is flourished. Learned people have told 26 faults of people who fall into Narak. People should leave such habits and live a pious life.
Note - A Braahman's 26 faults description is given here on p 227-229.
Glory of Mother, Father and Guru
(Chap 6) Shree Soot Jee said - "Father is the greatest helper for all the four Varn. There is nobody like father, Ved say so. Mother, father and Guru, all three are guide but among them mother is the highest. Elder brothers are also respectable. One should give them something on Dwaadashee, Amaavasyaa and Sankraanti, and feed them on Dakshinaayan (June Sankraanti), Uttaraayan (January Sankraanti), Vishuv Sankraanti (April and September) and Solar and Lunar eclipses occasions. After that he should pray their feet. As father is respectable, in the same way his elder and younger brothers are respected. Guru is the image of Brahmaa, father is the image of Prajaapati, mother is the image of Prithvi and brother is the image of oneself. Grandfather and grandmother are also to be respected because they are respected even by your father and mother.
Method of Hearing Puraan and Glory of Puraan Reciter
(Chap 7-8) Shree Soot Jee said - "Whatever method Brahmaa Jee told me before, I tell you the same method of hearing Puraan. By hearing Itihaas and Puraan, all sins are destroyed. Who listens to them in the morning, afternoon or night after being cleansed, Brahmaa, Vishnu and Mahesh respectively become pleased with him. One should sit on an Aasan wearing white clothes. He should greet Devtaa, Guru, Lords of directions, and religious scriptures. Listener of Puraan and Mahaabhaarat should sit south faced, and the teller should sit north faced; while a listener of Harivansh, Raamaayan and Dharm Shaastra should sit in opposite direction. Ved Mantra should not be interpreted wrongly.
Whoever teller knows the meaning of the whole book, only he is eligible to read it, only he is eligible to preach it, and only he is eligible to become Vyas. As the day doesn't look good without Soorya, night doesn't look good without Chandramaa, house doesn't look good without children, in the same way the assembly doesn't look good without Vyaas. Vyaas should teach the spiritual Puraan only to a religious, cleansed, Bhakt, peaceful, Vaishnav and polite people; not to fearless, proud, jealous, unstable minded, useless people. Besides sons and grandsons, one should teach a polite man also. If the Vidyaa Daan is given to an illegible person, then one one of them goes to Yam Puree in a short time. One should not study Karm Kaand without knowing astrology. Whoever follows that Gyaan, which he delivers, only he represents the knowledge giver father or Guru.
(Chap 9) Soot Jee said - "Brahmaa Jee has told whichever Bahir-vedee and Antar-vedee, that is very relevant for Dwaapar and Kali Yug. Whichever Karm are done with the knowledge of Gyaan, that are called Antar-vaidik Karm; while establishing a Devtaa and worshipping are Bahir-vaidik Karm. Bahir-Vaidik Karm are of two types - digging wells, ponds etc; and serving and please Braahman and elderly people.
The Nish-Kaam Karm, done without desire, and remembering Hari etc good Karm fall under the category of Antar-vaidik Karm. Besides them, the other Karm are called Bahir-vaidik Karm. Although Bahir-vaidik Karm are of 87 types, but among them three are main - establishing Devtaa, building temples and ponds. Besides this worshipping elderly people, making Devtaa idols and planting trees are Poort Karm. Dev Pratishthaa (establishment) is said to be of three types - the best, medium and the Kanishth (lowest). In Dev Pratishthaa, three Karm are main - worship, Havan and Daan. The Pratishthaa which is completed in three days, one should worship 28 Devtaa and employing 16 Braahman. This is called the best method of Pratishthaa. In medium Pratishthaa, there are 4 Braahman and 23 Devtaa are worshipped. Among them the worship of 9 Grah, Dikpaal, Varun, Prithvi, Shiv etc is completed in one day only. In whichever Pratishthaa, only Ganesh, Grah, Dikpaal, Varun and Shiv are worshipped, that is called Kanishth method. That is why one should do Poort Karm for his upliftment.
One should not build dwelling house over water and above temple. One should never dig out Shiv Ling, whether it is worshipped or abandoned. In the same way other Devtaa idols and sacred trees should not be moved; but if the village or city is getting abandoned, or one has to abandon his place, or somebody has been arrogant in some area, then its Pratishthaa should be done without thinking.
Agni's Names and Materials for Havan
(Chap 16-18) Soot Jee said - "Braahman, After the daily and Naimittik Havan is over, one should worship Agni with Shodashopachaar. There are various names of Agni in various types of Yagya.
In Shataardh (up to 500 Aahuti) Hom, Agni is called Kaashyap
Whatever materials are used in Yagya, they are of a definite quantity. Materials taken without quantity do not give desired results. There are many materials for Havan, such as Ghee, milk, yogurt, honey, puffed rice, jaggery, leaf, flower, betel nut, Samidhaa, Japaa flower (hibiscus) with stalk, lotus flower, coconut etc. Samidhaa (wood) should be according to the place where a person lives. Bilva leaf should be of three leaves but not broken.
Note - After this, the information is given about the pots used in Yagya and the method of Poorn Aahuti (the last Aahuti) etc.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/26/13