Puraan | 9-Bhavishya Puraan | 1-Braahm Parv
9-Bhavishya Puraan, 1-Braahm Parv, p 9-19
This section, Braahm Parv, is on p 1-222 of the book and mostly contains information about Soorya.
Sanskaar and Brahmcharya Dharm
Shataaneek Jee said - Now please tell me about Sanskaar and Dharm of the four Varn." Sumantu Jee said - "By doing Garbhaadhaan, Punsavan, Seemantonnayan, Jaatkarm, Annapraashan, Choodaakarm and Yagyopaveet Sanskaar, Dwi-Jaati's all kinds of sins are destroyed and this body becomes worthy to attain Brahm. Jaatkarm Sanskaar is done before cutting the umbilical cord. Naamkarn Sanskaar is done on 10th, or 12th, or 18th, or after one month in at auspicious time. Names should be according to Varn, short easy to pronounce and remember. The child should be taken out from the house on 12th day or in the 4th month. It is called Nishkraman Sanskaar. Annpraashan Sanskaar should be done in his 6th month. Mundan should be done in the 1st or 3rd year.
Yagyopaveet Sanskaar should be done in the 8th year for Braahman, in the 11th year for Kshatriya, and in the 12th year for Vaishya; but the Braahman who aspires for Brahm Tej, he should do this Sanskaar in his 5th year, the Kshatriya who aspires for might, he should do it in his 6th year, and the Vaisya who aspires for wealth, he should do it in his 8th year.
A Braahman is worthy for Gaayatree Mantra up to the age of 16 years; a Kshatriya is worthy up to the age of 22 years; and a Vaishya is worthy up to the age of 24 years. After this if their Yagyapaveet Sanskaar has not been performed on time they are not eligible for Gaayatree Mantra. They are called Vraatya till they are not cleansed by Vraatystom Yagya, then they become eligible for Gaayatree Deekshaa.
A Brahmachaaree should always give his Bhikshaa to his Guru. One should eat east faced. By eating food east faced one lives long; by eating food south faced one's fame increases; by eating food west faced his wealth increases; and by eating food north faced his Truth increases. One should always pray Ann and never say anything bad about it. Whatever food is left, one should not it again. One should eat in one sitting. Who eats in several times his both Lok get destroyed. There is a story in this regard - there lived a Vaishya, named Dhanvardhan, in Pushkar city. One day he was taking food with his relations and friends in summer, that he heard a pitiful sound from outside. Hearing that sound he ran towards outside, but as he came outside that sound got stopped. He came back and started eating his food again. After he had taken the food, he died and because of this he did not get good Gati in other Lok also.
People get cleansed by doing Aachaman three times. If the Yagyopaveet is kept under the right arm and over the left shoulder, the Dwij is called Upaveetee (Savya), if it is worn otherwise he is called Praacheenaaveetee (Apasavya) and if it is worn like a garland, then he is called Niveetee."
Sumantu Muni further said - "Raajan, Samaavartan (Keshaant) Sanskaar should be done for a Braahman in his 16th year, for a Kshatriya in his 22nd year, and for a Vaishya in his 25th year. After this one can stay back in Guru's house, or can come back home and get married. For women, the main Sanskaar is marriage. One must do Jaap of Gaayatree Mantra both in the morning Sandhyaa and in the evening Sandhyaa. Who daily greet and serve their elders, their life, education, fame and power are always on progress.
Wealth, brother, age, Karm and Vidyaa - these five are the cause of honor and among them the next one is greater than the first one - means Vidyaa is the highest. If the following are coming from opposite direction - who is riding on a conveyance, who is very old, who is patient, who is carrying load, a woman, who has just finished his education, king or bridegroom, one should give way to them first.
The Braahman who teaches Ved along with its secrets (Yagya, Vidyaa, and Upanishad) and Kalp, he is called Aachaarya; who teaches only a part of Ved or Vedaang for his living, he is called Upaadhyaaya; and who performs one's Garbhaadhaan Sanskaar and feeds Ann etc, he is called Guru. Aachaarya is ten times greater than Upaadhyaaya. Father is hundred times greater than Aachaarya. And mother is thousand times greater than father. Both are father - who gives birth and who teaches Ved, but the teacher of Ved is higher between them. Because a Braahman's life is Ved, the highest is Mahaa Guru."
King Shataaneek asked - "Bhagavan, Who is Mahaa Guru?" Sumantu Muni said - "Who knows 18 Puraan, Raamaayan, Vishnu Dharm, Shiv Dharm, Mahaabhaarat etc he is called Mahaa Guru. Who does good to others through Shaastra, he should be regarded as Guru. Such a child can also be a Guru of an old person. In earlier times, Angiraa's son Brihaspati Jee taught to old people. While teaching them, he used to say, "Sons, read this." At this those old people got very angry and complained to Devtaa. Devtaa told them that he was right, because who doesn't know or is A-Gyaanee, he is a child, and who teaches he is Guru. Whoever is higher in knowledge only he is old. Among Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shoodra; Gyaan, might, wealth and birth bring greatness respectively.
Daan given to a fool is useless, who preaches Dharm without knowing Ved is a sinner. Although the Braahman who has not read Ved, is not a Braahman; but still a Braahman, whether fool or intelligent, is Braahman and should not be left out in any case. One should always discipline with love and A-Hinsaa. One should never speak such words which are not favorable to other person or make him sad. Whatever joy a soft sweet speech gives to a person nothing else can give it. One should be away from the feeling of becoming famous and accept insult, because who is insulted he is not harmed in anyway.
A Braahman takes birth three times, once when he is born, second when his Yagyopaveet Sanskaar is done, and third when he takes Deekshaa for Yagya. At the time of Yagyopaveet, Gaayatree is mother and Aachaarya is father - because of teaching Ved Aachaarya is called father. Unless his Yagyopaveet Sanskar has been done, he is not eligible to do any Vaidik Karm. Yagyopaveet is the time to start reading Ved. Until Ved reading is not started, till he is regarded as Shoodra. After Yagyopaveet, one should live like Brahmchaaree and follow its rules.
One should take bath daily and do Tarpan for Devtaa and Pitar. He should not use liquor, meat, fragrance, flower garland, various tastes and women. He should not apply Ubatan on his body, use shoes and umbrella, hear songs, see dances, tell lies, and sit with women. One should not ask alms from his Guru's and his own families. One should not ask alms only from one family also. Living on alms is considered as doing fasting.
One must respect Guru in all ways - he should stand in front of him with folded hands; when Guru orders to sit then only he should sit, but not on Aasan; although he can sit with Guru on the same conveyance, stone, boat etc; get up before Guru gets up and sleep after Guru has slept; speak very politely with him; should not copy him an any way. One should not greet Guru riding on a conveyance, first he should get down then he should greet.
One should not apply Ubatan or massage feet of Guru's wife; one should not sit with his own mother, sister or daughter on the same Aasan. As one gets water digging ground, in the same way one obtains education while serving Guru. A Brahmchaaree should never be in a village or town before sunrise and after sunset; means at both Sandhyaa times he should be in a lonely place to do his Sandhyaa.
One should never insult mother, father, brother and Aachaarya even when they are in trouble, because Aachaarya is like Brahmaa, father is like Prajaapati, mother is like Prithvi and brother is like oneself, that is why they all should always be respected. One must serve mother, father and Guru. If these are pleased with somebody, he wins three Lok. Devotion to father gives comfort in this Lok, devotion to mother gives comfort in the middle Lok, and devotion to Guru gives Indra Lok. Serving these three completes the Dharm - all other Dharm are subsidiary.
If a good education is in a very low level person, it should be taken from him also. In the same way one should take good education from a Chaandaal, take good girl from a low family, take Amrit from Vish, take teachings from a child, follow good conduct of an enemy, and take gold from an unholy place. One must take good woman, gems, Vidyaa, Dharm, cleanliness, sweet speech and any kind of skill from anywhere he gets it."
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/25/13