Puraan | 8-Agni Puraan
Gist of Geetaa
"Now I will tell you the gist of Geetaa which is the best of the whole Geetaa. In earlier times, Bhagavaan Krishn preached it to Arjun. This gives both pleasure and Moksh. Krishn said - "Arjun, Who has died, and who is still living, it is not justified to lament for any of such people; because Aatmaa is unborn, eternal, unburnable, and cannot be pierced, therefore one should not lament. Who always think about pleasures, they develop attachment to them. This attachment gives rise to desires, desires give rise to anger, and anger gives rise to intense love (in which a man's reasoning power is lost). Intense love destroys memory and loss of memory destroys Buddhi (intellect) and Buddhi's destruction destroys the person himself [because he cannot see his aim clearly].
By sitting with saints (or good people), a person doesn't sit with bad people (attachments decrease) and desires for Moksh. By abandoning desires, a person's Aatmaa looks into itself and he is called "Sthitpragya". When all beings sleep (means are ignorant about Him), the Yogee is awake thinking about Him; and when all beings are awake to enjoy momentarily lived worldly pleasures, the Yogee sleeps from that side.
Who is contented in himself, there is no duty for him. He has nothing to do with any Karm, nor he has to do with not doing any Karm. Who knows the element of "Gun Vibhaag" and Karm Vibhaag", he understanding the fact that all Gun are behaving with Gun, never attaches himself to anything. Arjun, You will be free from all sins by taking the help of Gyaan. Gyaan fire burns all Karm. Who does Karm without attachment to it, he is never indulged in it; as the lotus leaf is never in water.
Whose heart always thinks about Paramaatmaa, who treats everything alike; that Yogee sees Aatmaa in all Bhoot (creatures) and all Bhoot in Aatmaa. The Yogee who, for some reason, does not complete his Yog, takes birth in noble rich families. Who does good Karm, he never falls in bad Gati. My Tri-Gunee Maayaa is very Divine. IT is difficult to find its limits. Who come to me only those can know it.
There are four types of people who remember me - sad, seeker, desirous, and Gyaanee. Among them Gyaanee remembers me being united with me. Eternal highest Tattwa is "Brahm", and nature (Swabhaav), means Jeev Aatmaa is called "Adhyaatm". Birth of Bhoot and whatever increases them is called "Karm". All mortal things are "Adhi-Bhoot", Purush (Hiranyagarbh) is "Adhi-Daiv". Hey Arjun, Inside this body, I Vaasudev am "Adhi-Yagya". Who remembers me in his last moments, he comes to Me, there is no doubt about it. When a human being dies, at that time, whatever he remembers, he gets the same thing in his next life. At the time of death, who leaves his body saying "Aum", he comes to Me.
From Brahmaa Jee to the tiniest insect, whatever is seen [in this world], they all are my Vibhooti (manifestation). Whatever prosperous and mighty living beings are, they all are my parts. "I alone exist in this world." - who knows me in this way, he becomes free from this world.
This body is "Kshetra", who knows this, he is known as "Kshetragya". In my opinion, knowing the Kshetra and Kshetragya is Gyaan. 5 Mahaa-Bhoot, Ahankaar, Buddhi, A-Vyakt (Prakriti), 10 Indraiyaa, Man (mind), 5 subjects of Indriyaan, desires, pleasures, sorrows, physical body, consciousness and firmness of mind - this is Kshetra with Vikaar (attributes or impurities) which is told to you in brief.
Lack of pride, A-Hinsaa (non-violence), forgiveness, simplicity, serving Guru, cleanliness of inside and outside, stability of heart, mind, control on Indriyaan and body, detachment, lack of pride, thinking sorrows in birth, death, old age and disease, meditating on me, nature of living in a lonely and holy place - all this is told Gyaan; and whatever is opposite this is called A-Gyaan.
Now I will tell you about "Gyeya" (which is worth knowing); by knowing this a man can attain Paramaatmaa. This Gyeya element is eternal and is known as Par Brahm. It can neither be called "Sat", nor it can be called "A-Sat" [because it os different from both of these. He has his eyes, hands and feet etc all around. He is without Indriyaan, still He knows all the subjects of Indriyaan. He nourishes all, still He is detached from all. He exists both inside and outside of all the creatures. All movable and immovable are His forms only. Because of being subtle, He cannot be known. He is near, He is far. Although He is undivided, still He seems to live in everybody separately. He should be known as Vishnu as the sustainer of all, as Rudra the destroyer of all and as Brahmaa the Creator of all.
Many people see Him in their hearts through their subtle sight; some other see Him by Saankhya Yog and still some other people see Him through Karm Yog. The people who do know Him like this, worship Him hearing from others. These people also become free from this world worshipping even after hearing from others.
Sat Gun gives rise to Gyaan, Rajo Gun rises to greed, and Tamo Gun to intense love, attachment. All Gun behave among themselves, whoever stays calm and stable understanding this, who takes respect and insult alike, who has sacrificed the pride of doing one's duty, he is called Nir-Gun. Whose root is upward (means Paramaatmaa) and its branches are downward (means Brahmaa Jee), that world banyan tree is called immortal. Ved are its leaves. Whoever knows that tree including its roots, the same knows Ved truly.
There are two types of living beings in this world - Daivee (who have Devtaa like nature) and Aasuree (who have demonic nature). When a man possesses A-Hinsaa, forgiveness etc good qualities, he is like Devtaa; and who has no cleanliness and good conduct, he is of demonic nature. Anger, greed and desires all take one towards Narak, therefore one should abandon them.
With the perspective of Gun, Yagya, Tap and Daan are said to be of three types - Saatwik, Raajas and Taamasik. Saatwik food increases life, intelligence, and health. Hot and dry food is Raajas, it increases sorrow, and disease. Unclean, dirty, foul smelly and tasteless food is called Taamas. Doing Yagya is a duty, knowing this doing Yagya without any desire is Saatwik. A Yagya done with a desire is Raajasik, and the Yagya done with pride is Taamasik. Worshipping Devtaa with devotion, Mantra and methodically, and A-Hinsaa etc Tap are called physical Tap. Such truth, self study, and Jap which do not arouse other's emotions are called "Vaangmaya Tap" (speech related). Purification of heart, being quiet (not speaking), and control on one's mind is called "Maanas Tap" (mind related). Tap done without desire is Saatwik, Tap done to good to others is Raajasik, and Tap done to harm others is Taamasik. Daan (donation) given in an appropriate country, at an appropriate time, and to an appropriate candidate is Saatwik. Daan given in the expectation to get something back is called Raajasik; and Daan given in an appropriate country, at an appropriate time, and to an appropriate candidate is called Taamasik.
"Aum", "Tat" and "Sat" - these are the three names of Paramaatmaa. Yagya, Daan etc Karm give a man pleasures and Moksh. Who have not abandoned their desires, those desire-full people get three types of fruits of their Karm - bad, good and mixed. They get these fruits after death. Sanyaasee (who has abandoned everything) do not get any fruit of any of their Karm. Who abandons Karm because of delusion, that is Taamas; and who abandons Karm with the fear of pains to his body is called Raajas. Who abandons Karm because he has abandoned desires also, that is called Saatwik.
Adhishthaan, doer, various Karan, various different efforts and Devtaa - these five are the causes of Karm. When one sees one Paramaatmaa in all Bhoot, that Gyaan is Saatwik; if he sees different Paramaatmaa in all Bhoot, that Gyaan is Raajas; and when one does not see any Pramaatmaa, that Gyaan is Taamasik. Any Karm done without any desire is Saatwik, any Karm done with desire is Raajasik, and any Karm done with delusion is called Taamasik. Who is indifferent in the completion of the Karm, that doer is Saatwik; who feels happiness or sorrow in the result of the Karm, that doer is Raajasik; and a lazy doer is called Taamasik. Who knows what to do and what not to do, his intelligence is Saatwik; who doesn't know a Karm properly, his intelligence is Raajasik; and who thinks otherwise (opposite) his intelligence is Taamasik. Whichever Karm's end is pleasant, that Karm is Saatwik; whichever Karm's beginning is pleasant but its end is sorrowful, it is Raajasik; and whichever Karm's both beginning and end are sorrowful, it is Taamasik.
Who takes every creature, from Brahmaa to the tiniest insect, as Vishnu's form the same Bhaagvat man attains Siddhi.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 06/09/11