Puraan | 2-Padm Puraan | 2-Bhoomi Khand
2-Padm Puraan, 2-Bhoomi Khand, p 252-257
see also 3-Vishnu Puraan, 1/6; 5-Bhaagvat Puraan, 4/4;
This Khand covers the pages 217-331 (115 pages) of the book. It covers the stories of Shiv Sharmaa, Prithu, Vane, Sukalaa, Yayaati and Kunjal bird.
Rishi asked Soot Jee - "When Vane was such a religious king, then how Vane inclined towards A-Dharm and sin?" Soot Jee said - "I tell you how Vane inclined towards sinful behavior. During his ruling period, once a person came in disguise. He was naked, had large body and white head. He had a type of broom of peacock feathers in his armpit and had a pot of coconut shell in his other hand for water. He was pronouncing some Shaastra which was opposing Ved Shaastra. Seeing him coming in his court, Vane asked him - "Who are you who has come here in this strange form?" He said - "As you are ruling your kingdom following your Dharm, that is useless. You look to me a fool. I am very respectable for all Devtaa. I am the Gyaan, I am the Truth, and I am the Sanaatan Brahm. I am born from Brahmaa and know me as Jin. Truth and Dharm are my body. All Gyaanee Yogee meditate upon me only."
Vane got somewhat surprised to hear all this, he asked him - "What is your Dharm? Which is your Shaastra? And what kind of conduct do you follow?" Jin said - "Where "Arhan" is Devtaa, Guru is without a book, and kindness is the highest Dharm, Moksh is seen there only. This is Jain-Darshan (philosophy). Now I tell you my conduct. There is no place for Yagya and Ved study in my religion, nor there is any Sandhyaa Upaasanaa, or Tapasyaa, Daan, Swadhaa (Shraaddh) and Swaahaa (Agnihotra), nor there is any need of any Havya Kavya. There is no place for felicitation for guests also. Meditation on "Arhan" is the only thing is in this religion.
Living beings' body is made up of and is nourished by five elements. Soul is in air form, therefore there is no need of Shraaddh and Yagya. As bubbles rise from water and subside in it, in the same way all living beings come and go in this world. When the end is there, this soul leaves the body and goes away. Deluded relatives perform his final rites, do Tarpan on their death anniversaries. But where is the dead person? How does he come and eat that food? Only Braahman are satisfied with that food. In the same way Daan is not necessary, why Daan is given? Daan should not be considered the highest Karm. If somebody has to donate something, donate kindness. One should protect living beings everyday. One should worship only Jin, one should never bow his head even to his parents' feet."
Vane asked - "What about Gangaa etc rivers Teerth which these Braahman tell us that they are Teerth? They say that they earn us great Punya, how far this is true, please tell about this." Jin said - "Mahaaraaj, Whatever rains clouds make at one time, the same falls everywhere whether it is on Prithvi or mountains; and gets collected in rivers. Rivers are to carry that water to sea. Thus rivers are only the carriers of water, where is the Teerth there? Sea, ponds, rivers all are the resting places for water, nothing else. Even mountains are only the collection of huge stones. There is no Teerth there. If somebody could attain Siddhi, then first all fishes should be Siddh, but this is not so. Hey Raajan, Only Jin is omnipresent. Neither there is any Dharm nor any Teerth greater than Him." After that he explained the king the weaknesses of his Dharm and sowed the seed of sin in his heart. Vane got deluded by his talks and he abandoned his own Vaidik Dharm. He stopped giving any Daan, Ved study, Yagya, etc in his kingdom and thus sins started occurring there. He acted opposite to his father's advice. His father thought and thought that "how my son has become sinner?" but he could not think of any reason.
One day Saptarshi came to Vane and tried to convince him to follow Dharm to take care of his people. Vane said - "I am the highest Dharm, and I am the Sanaatan (immortal) Devtaa "Arhan". I am the ancient Jain Dharm. You worship me only through your Karm." Rishi said - "Three Varn are called Dwi-Jaati, and for all Varn, the ancient Shruti is regarded as standard; all Varn live according to Ved. People live comfortably if the king is Punyavaan, and if the King is sinful, it is destroyed. Therefore you follow the Truth. This Jain Dharm is not the conduct of Sat Yug, Tretaa Yug and Dwaapar Yug. When Kali Yug will start, even then only very few people will adopt it. At that time Govind will incarnate as Kalki Avataar and kill all sinners, that is why Hey Vane, you abandon this Kali Yug behavior and earn Punya." Vane said - "My knowledge is supreme. Whoever will disobey my orders, will be surely punished."
Hearing all this Saptarshi got angry and Vane hid in a serpent's hole because of the fear of their Shaap, but they brought him out of that hole forcefully and started churning his left arm. It caused to appear a low caste man who was short, dark complexioned, and horrible in look. He became the king of Nishaad. Then they churned his right arm. This caused to appear king Prithu who preached Vane Dharm and Arth."
Vane's Tapasyaa and Vishnu Preaches Him
Soot Jee said - "By talking to Saptarshi and churning his arm, his sin got expelled out. He started Tapasyaa on the banks of Narmadaa River. He did Tap living in Trinbindu's Aashram for more than 100 years. Pleased with his Tapasyaa, Vishnu appeared in His four-armed form and asked him to ask for any Var. He said - "I wish to attain your Parampad along with my parents with this body only and wish to go your Param Dhaam by your Tej."
Vishnu said - "In earlier times your father Ang also worshipped me. At that time I blessed him that you will attain my Parampad with your own Karm. I tell you the past story. A Gandharv Sushankh gave your mother Shaap and to uplift you I gave your father Varadaan that "You will beget a very able son." I had told this to your father already. At this time also only I have appeared from your body and I am taking care of people in the form of Prithu. Son is one's own form, this is true. Now you do Daan and Dharm. Daan causes Punya, destroys sins and gives comfort and happiness. Who donates cow, land, gold, or Ann (cereals, grains, food etc) etc to a Braahman, I fulfill his all wishes."
Vane said - "Tell me the time for Daan, form of Teerth, characteristics of the person to whom Daan should be given, and its method. I wish to hear all that." Bhagavaan Vishnu said - "There are three timings for Daan - Nitya Daan (done daily), Naimittik Daan (done for some purpose), and Kaamya Daan (done to fulfill some wish). Its fourth time is Praayik (related to death).
(1) Nitya Daan - Who offers even water seeing my part, Soorya, rising in the morning, one cannot praise enough his Nitya Karm which gives him lot of Punya. At that time who takes bath, worships Pitar and Devtaa and donates Ann, water, fruits, flower, clothes, betel leaf, ornament, gold according to one's capacity, its fruit is limitless. Who donates food items at noon or afternoon, he also collects lots of Punya. Therefore one should donate something all the three times of the day. No day should be free from Daan. If somebody doesn't donate food for one fortnight or one month, I also keep him starving for the same period. I give him such a disease that he cannot enjoy anything. Who has not done so, he should keep many fasts.
(2) Naimittik Daan - Now I tell you about Naimittik Daan time. Amaavasyaa; Poornimaa; Ekaadashee; Sankraanti; Vyateepaat and Vaidhriti named Yog; Maagh, Aashaadh, Vaishaakh and Kaartik Poornimaa; Somvatee Amaavasyaa (Amaavasyaa that falls on Monday), Yug starting Tithi, Gajachchhaayaa (Aashwin Krishn Trayodashee); father's death date are said Naimittik times for Daan. Who donates anything in my name, I give him many things.
(3) Kaamya Daan - When a Daan is given in the name of Vrat and Devtaa with the wish to fulfill some desire, that is called Kaamya time for Daan.
Now I tell you about Aabhyudayaik Daan time - all auspicious occasions, marriage time, the rites times of newborn baby, the time consecration of temple, Devtaa, pond, well, garden etc are said to be Aabhyudayik times. This Daan gives all kinds of Siddhi. One should donate at the time of death knowing one's body mortal. This Daan gives comforts the dead on the way to Yam Lok.
Now you listen to the characteristics of Teerth. First is Gangaa, then come Saraswatee, Narmadaa, Yamunaa, Taaptee, Charmanvatee, Sarayoo, Ghaagharaa and Venaa rivers. Kaaveree, Kapilaa, Vishaalaa, Godaavaree and Tungbhadraa are also good. Whether there is any village or forest, wherever they flow, all places are considered Teerth. Therefore one should take Snaan and give some kind of Daan there. If you don't know the name of the Teerth, it should be named as Vishnu Teerth. Teerth are no different from me, it is certain. One must take my name in these Teerth. Yagya place, Yagya and Agnihotra are also the forms of Teerth. Wherever there are Peepal or banyan tree or even lots of wild trees, all are Teerth. Where parents live, where Puraan are read, where Guru lives and where Satee woman lives, all are Teerth.
Now you listen to the characteristics of the person to whom you can donate. Born in good, noble family, ready to study Ved, calm, kind, cleansed, intelligent, knowledgeable, Tapaswee, devotee of Vishnu, religious Braahman is the best candidate for Daan. Son of sister and son of daughter are also good candidates for Daan. Besides son-in-law, Guru, and the man who has taken Deekshaa for Yagya are also good for Daan.
While doing all kinds of Dharm Karm, Shraddhaa is the greatest. While donating or taking Snaan, first one should take my name and then donate or take bath. Thus he gets many comforts.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/10/13