Bhaagvat Puraan | Skandh-1
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Whosoever is the cause of the creation, maintenance and destruction of this universe, whosoever is living-being, whosoever shines independently, we meditate Him, we worship Him - the Paramaatmaa. Once Shaunak etc. Rishi gathered to do a Yagya in Naimish Aranya area with the desire of Bhagvat Darshan. This Yagya was supposed to last for one thousand years. One day, in the morning, those Rishi worshipped Soot Jee and asked him - You are sinless, you have studied all the history, Puraan and other religious books and explained them well too. Kindly tell us what method one should adopt to attain Bhagavaan in this Kali Yug. In this Yug people's age has decreased, and they are not interested in religious activities. Besides there are many Shaastra, which, firstly, they are very big and secondly, they do not agree on one method. So please guide us about their gist for our welfare. Besides we want to hear the life account of Shree Krishn also, and since now Shree Krishn has gone to His Paramdhaam, who is going to protect Dharm."
2-Importance of Devotion to Bhagavaan
Ugrashravaa, the son of Romeharshan, popularly known as Soot Jee got very happy to hear this and said - "First of all I bow to Shuk Dev Jee. This Shree Mad Bhaagvat Puraan is a very deep kind of Puraan. One should bow to Nar-Naaraayan, Saraswatee and Shree Vyaas Jee first then should read this Puraan. Dharm results in Moksh, so Dharm is not for everybody. Dharm is for Dharm sake only, not for pleasure. Pleasures are only to sustain life, not to satisfy our Indriyaan. Life's aim is to know Paramaatmaa as Tattwa (element which is indestructible). The same is known as Brahm, Paramaatmaa or Bhagavaan.
Prakriti (nature) is made up of three Gun - Sat, Raj, and Tam. Paramaatmaa takes these three Gun for sustaining, creation, and destruction of this Universe in the form of Vishnu, Brahmaa, and Rudra. Still people's welfare is taken care of by Shree Hari. Rajo Gun is higher than Tamo Gun, and Sato Gun is higher than Rajo Gun, because it helps you in Hari Darshan.
In the olden days, people used to worship Vishnu. Even today, whosoever worships Him, becomes as good as Him. But whose nature is Rajo Gunee and Tamo Gunee, they worship Bhoot, Pitar and Prajaapati etc with the desire of wealth, children and other pleasures. Ved is for Shree Krishn, Yagya's aim is Shree Krishn, Yog is for Shree Krishn and all Karm end in Shree Krishn. Knowledge is gained to attain Shree Krishn, Tapasyaa is done for Shree Krishn and everything ends in Shree Krishn."
Soot Jee further said - "Before this Creation, Bhagavaan desired to create Lok (worlds). With that desire He assumed Purush (human being) form. That form had 10 Indriyaan, one Man (heart), and 5 Bhoot - these are 16 Kalaa. While resting in Cause-Water, He expanded His Yog Nidra and a lotus appeared from His navel and from that lotus appeared Brahmaa Jee. This is the pure Sattwa form of Bhagavaan. Yogee attempt to see only this form of Bhagavaan through their Yog. This form of Bhagavaan is very strange, because it has thousands of feet, thighs, arms and heads. The same form is known as Naaraayan too and is the origin of many Avataar.
(1) In the 1st Avataar, the same Prabhu appeared as four Braahman children - Sanak, Sanandan, Sanaatan and
Sanat Kumaar - and lived as Brahmchaaree in Kaumaar Sarg.
(11) In 11th Avataar, when Devta and Daitya were churning the Ksheer Saagar (Milky Ocean)
for Amrit, He appeared as Kashchap (Tortoise) and balanced Mandaraachal Parvat on His back.
(21) In 21st Avataar, He will appear as Buddh as the son of Ajan in Kali Yug,
Except Shree Krishn, all other Avataar are of His Ansh or Kalaa Avataar. Shree Krishn was He Himself on Prithvi. Ved Vyaas has written this Puraan like Ved. He told this to his son Shuk Dev Jee and Shuk Ddev Jee told this to Pareekshit when Pareekshit was sitting on the bank of Gangaa Jee vowing for not to eat and drink anything till death. I was also there at that time, so whatever I heard and understood, I will tell you according to that."
4-Vyaas Jee's Dissatisfaction
Shaunak Jee said - "Hey Soot Jee, Whatever Kathaa (story) Shuk Dev Jee said, we want to hear the same Kathaa. It was told in which Yug, at which place and for what reason. Why did Vyaas Jee create this Sanhitaa? His son Shukdev Jee looked like a fool but he was a great Yogee and did not discriminate in anyone. When Vyaas Jee's son Shukdev Jee was going to Van (forest) for Sanyaas, Vyaas Jee started following him. Some women were taking bath naked in a pond. They did not care for Shuk Dev Jee, but when they saw Vyaas Jee coming they covered their bodies. At this Vyaas Jee was very surprised. He asked them why did they do so? The women said - "Vyaas Jee, You still differentiate between male and female but your son doesn't, that is why we did that." Shaunak etc Rishi asked - "He might be wandering in Hastinaapur like an insane and fool, then how people used to identify Shuk Dev Jee? How Pareekshit had dialog with Shuk Dev Jee? He used to stay at one house only for the time during which one can milk a cow (means only for a short time, not more than 30 minutes or so). Pareekshit was a great King then why did he abandon his kingdom and wealth and sat on the bank of Gangaa Jee without eating and drinking? Please tell us everything whatever we have asked you."
Soot Jee said - "In the third Yug of this Chaturyug, means in Dwaapar Yug, Maharshi Paraashar produced a son from Satyavatee - that was Vyaas Jee. Vyaas Jee knew past and future. One day in the morning he was sitting alone. He thought that bad time was about to come, then Dharm will disappear, so I should do something to keep it restored. So he divided Ved in four books to - Rig Ved, Yajur Ved, Saam Ved, and Atharv Ved. Itihaas (history - Raamaayan and Mahaabhaarat) and Puraan are said to be the fifth Ved. Rig Ved was studied by Pail, Jaimini mastered Saam Ved, Vaishampaayan Jee studied Yajur Ved, and Daarun (son of Sumantu) studied Atharv Ved. History and Puraan were mastered by my father - Romeharshan. These disciples divided their branches into sub-branches, thus many sub-sub-branches also appeared because of these disciples. He divided them in such a way that who cannot remember, or can remember very little, they can also read them.
Everybody was not allowed to read or hear Ved. Women, Shoodra and bi-caste people are not supposed to hear Ved, that is why they make mistakes in performing those Karm which should have been performed according to Shaastra. To make this knowledge available to them Vyaas Jee created Mahaabhaarat, but he was not satisfied with that too. He was again thinking about it that "I have disclosed the secret of Ved by writing Mahaabhaarat, still I feel unsatisfied. When he was thinking like this, that Naarad Jee came there. Vyaas Jee worshipped him.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/9/02
Updated on 11/30/12