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28-Concept of God in Ved

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28-Concept of God in Ved

(1) anejadekam manaso javeeyo nainaddevaa aapnuvan poorvamarshat. taddhaavato anatyeti tishtittasminnapo maatarishvaa dadaati.
[Yajur Ved, 40.4] That force is Only One. That does not move. It is faster than the mind. No one catch it. .......

(2) vishwatashchakrurat a vishvato mukho....... .deva Ekah..
[Rig Ved, 10.18.3] The one who occupies all space is One Only

(3) Ya Ek ittamushtuhikrshtee naam vicharshanihi. patirjajne vrashakratuhu.
[Rig Ved 6.45.16] Pray to the One and Only God.....

(4) indram mitram varunamaagni maahuratodivyaha sa susharno garutyaan.
Ekam sadvipraa bahudaa vadantyagnim yamam maatarishvaanamaahu hu...
[Rig Ved, 1-164-46] That is One Only, but learned persons call it by different names...

(5) yo devaanaam naamadhaa Eka Eva tam samprashnam bhuvanaa yantyanyaa.
[Rig Ved, 10.82.3] The Only One assumes different names....

(6) na dwiteeyo na triteeyashchaturtho naapyuchyate. na pancham na shashthah saptamo naapyuchyate. naashtamo na navamo dashamo naapyuchyate.
.....tamidam nigatam sahaha sa Esha Eka Ekavrideka Eva.
[Atharv Ved, 13.4.16-18-20] There is no second God, no third, no fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth. There is only One God. It has to be mentioned that there are references in Shukla Yajur Ved which describes in detail various Vaidik sacrifices like Darsh Poorn Maas, Ashwamedh, Raajsooya, Sautraamani, Vaajpeya as also some Som Yaag. Most of the Gods mentioned in Rig Ved are mentioned in Atharv Ved also. It should be observed that there are references mentioning Rudra as more important, while others, like Ushaa, have lost their importance.

Jaabaal Upanishad declares that Shat Rudreeya is the most important portion of Yajur Ved and those who chant it would achieve Moksh. (adhyaayam shat rudreeyam yajushaam saaramuttamam, japedaamaranaadr udram sa yaati paramaam gatim.) Rudra Hridaya Upanishad explains the omnipresence of Rudra - "rudra is Brahmaa, Saraswatee, Vishnu, Lakshmee, Soorya etc, Rudra is Ved....". One may observe that the Shiv related Puraan proclaim the importance of Vishnu and Vishnu related Puraan do the same for Shiv.

In the Mahaabhaarat, Bheeshm says,
"ko hi shakto bhavam gyaatam madvidhaha parameshwaram, Rite naaraayanaat putra shankh chakra gadaa dharaat".

Skand Puraan says,
"harirdwaabhyaam ravirdwaabhyaam dwaabhyaam chandee vinaayakau, dwaabhyaam Brahmaa samaakhyaataha sheshen bhagavaan bhavah".

The Upanishad which describes the greatness of Shiv are Shwetaashwatar, Kaivalya, Jaabaal, Garbh, Atharvaasheersh, Atharv Shikhaa, Brihad Jaabaal, Kaalaagni Rudra, Dakshinaamoorti, Sharabh, Aksh Maalikaa, Rudra Hridaya, Bhasm Jaabaal, Rudraaksh Jaabaal, Panch Brahm Jaabaali etc, - as mentioned in Muktikopanishad. It is relevant to now quote the words of Vishnu Himself as He told Daksh Prajaapati in Bhaagvat Puraan - "aham Brahmaa cha sharvashch jagatah kaaranam param, aatmeshwar upadrashtaa swayam drig Visheshanah".

Thus, it may be observed that although there are references in different parts of the Ved mentioning the greatness of one or the other forms of God, the underlining principle is the existence of that one great force, which is called God which creates, sustains and destroys. These are the different names for that great force (Shakti).

In the Ved, there is only one God but has so many names according to His qualities. For example His name is OM which means the God is the savior of all. His name is Soorya (Sun) ie, Sun has light but Sun takes light from God because God has the supreme and Divine light of His own. His name is Chandramaa (Moon). Moon gives peace, calm, cold and charming light so the name of God is also Chandramaa (Moon) because God gives peace, calm etc., to those who worship him. Shiv means Kalyaan ie, happiness, welfare, good fortune and benediction etc, ie, He who does welfare to human beings, he is Shiv and He is only one Almighty God said above. Vishnu means He who is everywhere and He is only one Almighty God. We all do not worship all the 33 gods or goddesses as briefed above.

Rig Ved Mantra 1.164.46 says," Ekam Sadaroop Viprah Bahudaa Vadanti" ie, Ekam Sattwam means truth is one ie, God is one but Viprah = Rishi, Muni who are learned of Ved; Bahudaa Vadanti = utter so many names of God mentioned in Ved like Agnim Yamam Matrishwanam Aahuhu = the names of God are Agni, Yam, Maatrishwa and Aahuhu means "says". In Yajur Ved Mantra 32.1 the names of God stated are Agni, Aaditya, Vaayu, Chandramaa, Shukram, Brahm, Aapah, and Prajaapatih etc. Explained here are the meaning of the above names of God in brief.

Agni = agrini means at the top, or who comes first or who was before the creation and according to the said qualities, here the meaning of Agni pertains to God ie, God is eternal and therefore exists always before the creation etc, that is why Rig Ved Mantra 1.1.1 says Agnim Eedey - in the said Mantra the meaning of Agni is God according to the qualities and situation. Meaning of Eedey is desire. Therefore the meaning of Agnim Eedey is, "I am desirous of God. Similarly Yam means controller of universe, Maatrishwa means air ie, like the Wind god gives life to human beings. Aaditya means which can not be broken into pieces, Chandramaa means like Moon god gives calmness and peace, Shukram means Almighty, Brahm means the superior most, the biggest, the greatest etc, in the Universe. Aapah means omnipresent, Prajapatih means one who nurses the Universe.

So all the said meanings have the qualities of God and hence the name of God in the Ved, but these are always uttered by Rish and Muni, who are learned of Ved, as mentioned in Rig Ved Mantra quoted above. Therefore only Rishi Muni who are learned of Ved, utter or tell the holy name of God mentioned in Ved and those who do not know Ved can never utter the above holy names of God. But the said holy names, on the other hand, are even of surprising nature to them.

The holy names of God in the Ved are according to the nature, knowledge and deeds (God creates, nurses, destroys and controls the universe etc) of Almighty God. Therefore those names are eternal and countless. That is why there are infinite names of Almighty God being beyond imagination, beyond calculation and beyond description etc, and we have to worship the said Almighty God whose description is in four Ved, whose study has mostly been made stopped by the present saints who were against the Ved and speak only charming stories etc, and never tell about Ved. Whereas the description of Ved is in Geetaa, Raamaayan, six Shaastra, Upanishad and all ancient holy books. The reason why the present (most of them) saints do not quote Ved is that they do not study the Ved properly, do not do Yagya and do not follow Ashtaang Yog Philosophy mentioned in Ved which was also adopted by Shree Raam, Shree Krishn, Seetaa, King Harishchandra, King Dasharath and their subjects and public etc. Therefore we must be aware of false prophets.

There is only one God who is formless, creates, nurses and destroys the Universe. He is Almighty and supreme, beyond description, beyond imagination and beyond calculation. He is omnipresent and omniscient. Divine qualities of Almighty God are described in eternal knowledge of Ved. Ved emanate directly from God. So all Hindu and others too believe in Ved. Brahmaa, Vishnu and Mahesh are the name of one said God. God has no wives, because He is Almighty and needs no assistance etc. No one is above God.

In Rig Ved Mantra 2.23.1 there is a word, "Gannanaam Twa Gannapatim Havaamahe". In the Mantra Gannanaam means who is Supreme, amongst all the matters of universe, ie, God and Gannapatim means he who is Supreme Lord of the matters of the Universe ie, God , "Twa" means you ie, God, Havaamahe means accept, that means "accept for worship". Idea of the Mantra is that one should always worship the God who is Supreme commander of the universe, who is omniscient and Almighty.

Stories of 18 Puraan do not tally with the true knowledge of Ved. Ved contain only knowledge, not any story or history of anyone etc. In Ved there is no mention of any proper noun except that of Almighty God.

Mitra in Ved
December 25th used to be a pagan festival in the honor of the Sun God Mitra, till it was hijacked by early Christians as birthday of Jesus of Nazarath. It should be celebrated by all Vaidik followers as Mitrautsavah. Invocation for Mitra is still done as part of Vaidik Havan ceremonies and as part of Soorya Namaskaar - Om Mitraih Namah.

Mitra is a Vaidik God mentioned in the Ved, but he is rarely worshipped today in Hinduism. He is one among the Aaditya and is associated with friendship and solidarity. The name Mitra means a "devoted friend" or "friendship". He is the son of Aditi. He represents the relationship between the living beings. Social morality, comradeship and rules of association are his domain. In Vaidik society, as the guardian encouraged the virtuous and pious and protected them. He also punished the sinners who did not keep their promise in the society. Code of honor important in early society was looked after by Mitra.

Legend has it that Sage Vashishth and sage Agastya were born to Mitra and Varun from Urvashee. It is said that once Mitra and Varun saw Urvashee and their semen fell. They placed their semen in an urn before Urvashee. From that semen was born Sage Vashishth and sage Agastya - the men who defined code of behavior in ancient society. According to Bhaagvat Puraan, Mitra had three sons from Revatee, who represents prosperity. The three sons were Utsarg, Arisht, and Pippal. It must also be noted that Mitra is also mentioned in other ancient culture, for example in ancient Eeraanian culture, Mitra is the god of light.


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 03/20/13