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Jesus Christ

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Jesus Christ

Jesus' name appears in  Bhavishya Puraan, 3/16 also. In Hindi he is called Eesaa Maseeh. Read his story below.
As Krishn said - "First I taught this to Soorya..." [Geetaa, 4:1]
Christ also said - "Before Abraham was, I am." [John, 8:58] - This is a very important verse to Trinitarians because it is one of the places we use to show that Jesus is God.

Jesus Christ
He himself was a Jew and was born in Bethlehem in Roman Judaea, between Africa and Asia, near Dead Sea. King Herod was ruling at that time. His followers regard him as the Son of God and believe that he rose from dead after being crucified by Romans. he was believed to be born between 5-2 BC and died in AD. His mother In New Testament, Luke 1:26-33, Mary was informed by Angel Gabriel that she would have a son and she should name him Jesus. While in Matthew, 1:21 an Angel told this to Joseph and asked him to name him Jesus - "You shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins." All four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) agree that Jesus was crucified in Calvary which was under the rule of Pontius Pilate. Pilate ordered to crucify him. These Gospels include "The Sermon on the Mount" and over 30 parables related to his discourses. Jesus is believed to be born of a virgin, Mary, performed some miracles, founded Church, died for people, rose from dead and ascended to Heaven. Even after his ascending to Heaven, he was seen by his disciples.

Birth of Jesus
Jesus' birth is a mysterious birth. While Gospel of Luke traces the genealogy upwards towards Adam and God, Matthew traces it downwards towards Jesus. Both gospels state that Jesus was begotten not by Joseph, but by God, means that his birth was Divine. Both accounts trace Joseph (his mortal father, back to King David and from there to Abraham. These lists are identical between Abraham and David (except for one), but they differ almost completely between David and Joseph. Matthew gives  Joseph’s father's name as Jacob and Luke says that Joseph was the son of Heli. Thus the differences between the genealogies have varied in nature, e.g. that Luke traces the genealogy through Mary while Matthew traces it through Joseph; or maybe that Jacob and Heli were both fathers of Joseph, one being the legal father, after the death of Joseph's actual father.

Luke is the only Gospel which provides the account of John the Baptist's birth and relates to Jesus' birth. Luke relates the two births in the visitation of Mary to Elizabeth. He further connects the two births by noting that Mary and Elizabeth are cousin sisters. In Luke 1:31-38 Mary learns from the angel Gabriel that she will conceive and bear a child called Jesus through the action of the Holy Spirit. When Mary is due to give birth, she and Joseph travel from Nazareth to Joseph's ancestral home in Bethlehem to register in the census of Quirinius. In Luke 2:1-7. Mary gives birth to Jesus and, having found no place in the inn, places the newborn in a manger. An angel visits the shepherds and sends them to adore the child in Luke 2:22. After presenting Jesus at the Temple, Joseph and Mary return home to Nazareth.

The Nativity appears in the Gospel of Matthew too, where, following the betrothal of Joseph and Mary, Joseph is troubled because Mary is pregnant, but in the first of Joseph's three dreams an angel assures him not be afraid to take Mary as his wife, because her child was conceived by the Holy Spirit. Then the three Wise Men or Magi bring gifts to the young Jesus after following a star which they believe was a sign that the King of the Jews had been born. King Herod hears of Jesus' birth from the Wise Men and tries to kill him by massacring all the male children in Bethlehem under the age of two. Before the massacre, Joseph is warned by an angel in his dream about this massacre and the family flees to Egypt and remains there until Herod's death, after which they leave Egypt and settle in Nazareth to avoid living under the authority of Herod's son and successor Archelaus.

It is believed that Joseph was a carpenter. His childhood passed in Nazareth of Galilee. It is said that he got lost in the childhood and then his parents found him teaching in a temple. He worked as a religious teacher up to the age of 30s. When John the Baptist baptized him he was about 30 years old. Jesus came to the River Jordan where John the Baptist was preaching and baptizing. Jesus was also baptized, but as he rose from the water, he saw the Heavens tore open and a Spirit descended on him like a dove and a voice came from Heaven - "You are my beloved son, I am very pleased with you."

After he got baptized, God led him to a desert and he fasted for 40 days and 40 nights. During this time, the Devil appeared to him and tempted Jesus three times. Each time, Jesus refused temptation with a quotation of scripture from the Book of Deuteronomy. The Devil departed and angels came and brought nourishment to Jesus. The Baptist twice declares Jesus as the "Lamb of God", a term found nowhere else in the Gospels. John also emphasizes Jesus' superiority over John the Baptist.

After the baptism Jesus started his Ministry around 27-29 AD and finished it around 30-36 AD with the Last Supper with his disciples in Jerusalem. It is said to start in the courtyard of Judea near the River Jordan. The Sermon on the Mount is the most famous discourse of Jesus. During this period he had 12 Apostles (disciples). He asked them not to keep any belongings with them as they had to go to preach from town to town. His Final Ministry in Jerusalem is sometimes called the "Passion Week" and begins with the Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem on "Palm Sunday". In that week Jesus drove the money changers from the Temple, and Judas bargained to betray him. This period includes the "Olivet Discourse" and the "Second Coming Prophecy" and culminates in the "Last Supper", at the end of which Jesus prepares his disciples for his departure in the "Farewell Discourse". The accounts of the ministry of Jesus generally end with the Last Supper. However, some people also consider the period between the Resurrection and the Ascension as part of the ministry of Jesus.

Proclamation of Christ and Transfiguration
His proclamation occurred on a mountain when he went there with Peter and two other Apostles. Matthew (17.2) writes that there he saw his transfiguration - "His face was shining and his clothes became white as light. At the same time prophets Elijah and Moses were also with him he talked to them. The then a bright cloud came and a voice came from it - "This is my beloved son with whom I am well pleased, listen to him." This supported him as "Son of God" as was proclaimed at the time of his baptism.

Betrayal by Judas and Arrest
When Jesus was in Bethany, he sent his disciples to retrieve a donkey from Jerusalem. As Jesus rode into Jerusalem people laid down their cloaks and small branches of trees in his way and sang part of Psalms. There happens the cleansing of the temple and expelling money changers from there. Later one of the Apostles Judas Iscariot, approached the Jewish elders and accepts to betray Jesus and hand him over to them in exchange of 30 silver coins.

In the New Testament, he takes his final meal with his Apostles before his crucifixion. This event is described in all four Gospels and Paul's "First Epistle to the Corinthians" (written before Gospels).  During the meal, Jesus predicts that one of his Apostles would betray him. All Apostles, except Judas, present there said that they would not betray him. Jesus takes bread, breaks it and gives to his disciples saying - "This is my body which is given for you." Jesus also predicts that Peter will deny about the knowledge of him stating that Peter will disown him three times before the rooster crows the next morning. But after the third denial, he will hear the rooster crow and recall the prediction as Jesus turned to look at him. Peter then began to cry bitterly. Jesus also washed his disciples' feet before the meal and delivered a long sermon preparing his disciples (now without Judas) for his departure.

Immediately after the Last Supper, Jesus takes a walk to pray to Garden of Gethsemane. Jesus asks Peter, John, and James to stay there and he himself moves away a little bit where he feels overwhelming sadness over and says "My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass me by. Nevertheless, let it be as you, not I, would have it." Jesus had the sweat of blood and the visitation of an angel who comforts Jesus. Jesus accepts the will of the Father. Returning to the disciples after his prayer, he finds them asleep and asks Peter - "So, could you men not keep watch with me for an hour?"

While they were in the Garden, Judas comes there along with Jewish priests and elders and people with weapons. Judas kisses Jesus to give a sign to them identifying him as Jesus. One of Jesus' disciples tried to stop the people by using his sword to cut off the ear of one of them, but Jesus miraculously healed his wound. Jesus didn't like this violent act and requested that they should not stop his arrest saying that "all who live by the sword, shall die by the sword." Before being  arrested, Jesus tells his disciples: "All ye shall be offended in me this night." and : "But after I am raised up, I will go before you into Galilee." After his arrest, Jesus' disciples went into hiding. Judas, distraught by his betrayal of Jesus, attempts to return the 30 pieces of silver he had received for betraying Jesus, and then hangs himself.

Trial and Death of Jesus
After Jesus was arrested, he was taken to the Jewish Judicial body for trial. He is mocked, beaten and condemned to call himself as Son of God. The Chief Priest had arranged some false witnesses but they did not agree together. The High Priest asked him - "Are you the Christ, the son of the Blessed?" Jesus replied, "I am." The High Priest got very angry at this reply and tore his own robe. He again asked - "Are you the Son of God?" Jesus said - "You say that I am." So he decided to punish him. He is then taken to Pontius Pilate and elders ask Pontius to condemn him for claiming as the King of Jews. After a few questions, Pontius finds him innocent, but the crowd insists on punishment. Realizing that Jesus belongs to Galilean area of Herod Antipas, so he sends him to Herod. Jesus speaks very little, no defense, so an officer has to slap him. Herod also mocks him and puts a gorgeous robe and sends him back to Pontius Pilate. Pontius informs the elders that he does not find any wrong with Jesus. The main discussion was the term "King", so Jesus says that "My kingdom is not this world." but does not deny directly being the King of Jews. So the priests said - "Whoever says himself King, is to be punished as we have only one king - Caesar." Pontius Pilate's wife sees a dream and urges Pontius not to do anything with Jesus, still he orders for his crucifixion. Soldiers put a purple robe on Jesus, place a Crown of Thorns, beat him and mistreat him. They put INRI on his cross as the sign of "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews". Jesus is then sent to Calvary for crucifixion.

While going to Calvary, he was assisted by Simon of Cyrene. Jesus asks the women in crowd not to cry for him but for themselves and their children. Once, at Calvary Jesus was given a painkiller but he refused to drink. The soldiers then crucified Jesus. he was crucified between two thieves, one of whom rebuked him while the other one defended him. He handed over his mother to one of his beloved disciple, then he said - "Father, forgive them, for they not know what they do." and thus he forgave all his opponents. There is a controversy about his last statements - there are seven such statements.

Various supernatural events have been reported after the crucifixion, such as the sky got dark, an earthquake. The Roman soldiers did not break Jesus' legs as they did to two other convicted to hasten the crucifixion process, as Jesus was already dead. One of the soldiers pierced his side and water came out of his body. Joseph of Arimathea asked the permission to remove the body from the cross, and Jesus' body was removed from the cross, was wrapped in a clean cloth and was buried in a rock-hewn tomb. The Jews went to Pontius Pilate the day after the crucifixion (possibly on Saturday, as the crucifixion process is believed to be occurred on Friday) to ask for the guards to guard the tomb to be sure that the body remains there.

It is believed that the Resurrection of Jesus took place on the first day of the week (maybe Sunday) after the crucifixion. His followers find him risen from the dead as they found the tomb empty. One or two angels wrapped in bright robes announced this to those who came there early in the morning - they were either Mary Magdalene or Mary the mother of Jesus. While soldiers helped to spread the rumor that Jesus' disciples took away his body. After that they saw him several times delivering the sermons and commissioning them before ascending to Heaven, including the episode of "Doubting Thomas", because he did not believe that Jesus was resurrected until he was made to believe by putting his fingers into the holes of the body; and "catch of 153 fish" miracle at the Sea of Galilee. The final event of Resurrection was the ascension to Heaven. Accounts of his ascension describe it as "Jesus was carried up into the Heaven". This even occurred after 40 days of Resurrection - "...a cloud received him out of their sight."


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 10/20/12