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India-Dates in Tabloid Form
HARYANK DYNASTY (543-345 BC) 68 years
Bimbisaar -543 BC - 491 BC = 52 yrs He was the king of Magadh.
Ajaatshatru -491 BC - 461 BC = 30 yrs He was the son of Bimbisaar
Udayabhadra -459 BC - 443 BC = 16 yrs Son of Ajaatshatru
Mund -443 BC - 437 BC = 6 yrs  
Naagdashak -  
SHISHUNAAG DYNASTY (413-345 BC) 68 years
Shishunaag -413 BC - 395 BC = 18 yrs Shoodra. Was Amaaatya of the last ruler Naagdashak
Kaakvarn -395 BC - 367 BC = 28 yrs Son of Shishunaag
Mahaanand or Nandivardhan -367 BC - 345 BC = 22 yrs A Shoodra King
Nand DYNASTY (424-321 BC) 103 years - 10 Kings
Mahaapadm Nand -424 BC - 345 BC = 79 yrs 10 Kings ruled in his Dynasty, only the first one and the last one were famous. he died at the age of 88.
--Alexander's Invasion 326 BC Fought with Puru (Poras) and defeated him.
Dhan Nand -xxxxx   321 BC  
MAURYA DYNASTY (322-185 BC) 137 years - 9 Kings
Chandragupt Maurya 321 -298 BC = 23 yrs He came to power in 321 BC. He made a treaty with Seleukas Nikator, Alexander's Greek heir to western Asia, in 305 BC. Megasthnese came from Greece to India in his times. He was very impressed with Chandragupt's administration.
Bindusaar 301-272 BC Chandragupt Maurya's son was Bindusaar
Ashok 272-232 BC

Bindusaar's son was Ashok. Ashok had two sons - Kunaal and his half-brother Dasharath. Kunaal was made blind.

Dasharath Maurya 232-224 BC Ashok's older son Kunaal was made blind so his another son Dasharath came to rule
Samprati 224-215 BC After Dasharath Kunaal's son Samprati came to rule.
Shaalishuk 215-202 BC  

Greek Ruled 200-180 BC

Devavarmaa 202-195 BC  
Shatdhanvaa 195-187 BC  
Brihadrath 187-185 BC Pushyamitra assassinated Brihadrath and established Shung Dynasty
SHUNG DYNASTY (185-73 BC) 112 years
Pushyamitra 185-151 BC Commander-in Chief in Mauryan Army. Assassinated Brihadrath in 185 BC, and established Shung Dynasty.
Agnimitra 151-141 BC The 2nd Shung King.
Vasujyeshth 141- The 3rd Shung Ruler.
Vasumitra   The 4th Shung Ruler.
Bhagabhadra around 110 BC The 5th Shung King, 
Devabhooti 83-73 BC The 6th and last King of the Shung Dynasty. He was assassinated by his Minister Vaasudev Kanv. After that came Kanv Dynasty.
KANV DYNASTY (75-30 BC) 45 years
Vaasudev Kanv
75-66 BC - 9 yrs
66-52 BC - 14 yrs
52-40 BC - 12 yrs
40-30 BC - 10 yrs
Continued for about half a century - 9+14+12+10=45 years
Simuk or Shishuk 230-207 BC 1st ruler or the founder
Kaanhaa or Krishn 207-189 BC  
Saatkarnee I 180-124 BC 6th ruler. According to Puraan he ruled for 56 years.
Gautameeputra Saatkarnee or Shaalivaahan 78-106 AD  
Vashishthputra Shree Pulomaavee or Pulomaa 106-130 AD  
Vashishthputra Saatkarnee 130-160 AD  
Kanishk 127-140 AD  
GUPT DYNASTY (320-467 AD) 147 years
Chandragupt I 320-335 Gupt Period
Samudragupt 335-375 Gupt Period. Chandragupt's son.
Chandragupt II
(Chandragupt Vikramaaditya)
375-415 Gupt Period. Samudra Gupt's son. Known as Chandra Gupt Vikramaaditya also. Kaali Daas poet was in his times. Faahiyaan, the Chinese Buddhist pilgrim who traveled around India for 6 years in the beginning of the 5th century also came during this period.
Kumaar Gupt 415-455 Gupt Period. Son of Chandra Gupt II. He performed Ashwamedh Yagya.
Skand Gupt 455-467 Gupt Period. He was Kumaar Gupt's son. Gupt Empire faded by the end of the 5th century.

After the Gupt Empire faded in the end of the 5th century, some 100 years passed in fragmented ruled kingdoms. Most kingdoms got independent.

VARDHAN DYNASTY (606-647 AD) 41 years
Harsh Vardhan 606-647 Came to power to rule in Thaaneshwar, north of Delhi, in 606. He was only a 16 year boy when he ascended the throne. He united the small states. He had no heir so his kingdom died with him.

Islaam came in Saudee Arabia in 622 AD - 

SLAVE DYNASTY (1175-1290 AD) 115 years

Muhammad, Prophet (b/d 570-632) Spread Islaam in Saudee Arabia
Mahamood of Gazanee (b/d 971-1030) First came to India to loot it in 997, to come here annually 17 times. He looted Somnaath Temple 17 times.
Muhammad Gauree 1175-1206 Ruled for 31 years. Bakhtiyaar Khilajee was his Commander General whom he sent towards Bihaar and Bangaal to take control of them, he could not bring them under his control but sent their rulers away from there. he killed many thousand Bauddh also
Prithveeraaj Chauhaan 1180-1192 Ruled from Raajsthaan. Last Hindu King. After him came Qutubuddeen Aibaq.
Qutubudden Aibaq 1175-1210 From 1175-1206, he remained under Muhammad Gauree, then became independent, thus ruled India for 35 years. Qutub Meenaar.
Shamusuddeen Iltumish 1211-1236 Aibakq's son-in-law. He ruled for 25 years, Changez Khaan came in 1221.
Raziyaa Sultaan 1237-1240 Daughter of Iltumish. Ruled for 3 years. Guards of palace ruled jointly for the next 6 years. Balban was most powerful so he managed to seize power effective in 1246.
Balaban 1246-1266
A palace guard of Iltumish and the chief huntsman of Raziyaa. Ruled for 20 years under the puppet king Baharaam, then for another 20 years as Sultaan of Delhi.

KHILAJEE DYNASTY (1290-1320 AD) 30 years

Jalaaluddeen Firoz Khilajee 1290-1296 Khilajee Vansh. After him his nephew sat on the throne.
Alaauddeen Khilajee 1296-1316 Khilajee Vansh - Alaauddeen was Jalaaluddeen's nephew. Khilajee Vansh ended with his death in 1316.
TUGALAQ DYNASTY (1320-1388 AD) 68 years
Gayaasuddeen Tugalaq 1320-1325 He, along with his favorite son, was killed by his son Muhammad Bin Tugalaq by building a collapsible victory pavilion.
Muhammad Bin Tugalaq 1325-1351 He rose to power after killing his father and one brother. When he was killed during fighting rebellions in 1351, his cousin Feeroz Shaah Tugalaq ascended the throne.
Feeroz Shaah Tugalaq 1351-1388 He ruled for 37 years. He completed Qutub Meenaar in 1368. Within a decade of his death his kingdom declined and Taimoor's army entered Panjaab through passes, and in 1398 he entered Delhi itself.
Taimoor Lang 1398-1399 Within a decade of his death his kingdom declined and Taimoor's army entered Panjaab through passes, and in 1398 he entered Delhi itself. He left India in 1399.
Portugese (Vaasco da Gaamaa) landed on Maalaabaar Coast on May 27, 1498.
After Taimoor LANG
LODEE DYNASTY (1414-1526 AD) 112 years
Khijra Khaan 1414-1450 Ruled for 36 years
Bahalool Lodee 1451-1489 Ruled for 38 years
Sikandar Lodee 1489-1517 Buhlul's son. Ruled for 28 years. At the same time Raanaa Saangaa (1509-1528) was ruling in Mevaad, Raajsthaan.
Ibraaheem Lodee 1517-1526 Sikandar's son. Ibraaheem had a brother Mahamood Lodee who escaped the battle at Paaneepat, only to attack him later, but was defeated by him.
MUGAL DYNASTY (1526-1707 AD) 181 years
Baabar 1526-1530 He was the great grandson of Taimoor Lang and a descendent of Changez Khaan from mother's side. He came to help Daulat Khaan and won Ibraaheem Lodee.
THE FIRST PAANEEPAT BATTLE - 1526 (Baabar and Ibraaheem Lodee)
Humaayoon 1530-1540 Baabar's son, Ruled for 10 years but lost the throne to one of his father's Afgaan General Shershaah Sooree. But he came back in 1554.
CHAUSAA BATTLE - 1539 (Humaayoon and Sher Shaah Sooree)
Shershaah Sooree 1540-1545 Baabar's Afgaan General. He was killed in a battle in 1545. His son and grandson managed upto 1554, when the last of his line, merely a boy, was killed by his own uncle in 1554.
Humaayoon 1554-1555 He came back in 1554, but died in 1555. His son Akabar succeeded him at the age of 13 years.
Akbar 1556-1605 Ruled for 50 years. After him his son Jahaangeer, from his Hindu wife, was crowned the king.
THE SECOND PAANEEPAT BATTLE - 1556 (Akbar and Hemoo)
Jahaangeer 1605-1627 Had 2 sons - Khusaro and Khurram (later known as Shaah Jahaan). Ruled for 22 years. Married to a widow Noor Jahaan.
Shaah Jahaan 1627-1658 Ruled for 30 years. Married to Noor Jahaan's own daughter Mumtaaz Mahal from her previous marriage, and Aasif Khaan's, Noor Jahaan's brother, daughter. He had four sons - Daaraa Shikoh (b/d 1615-1658), Shujaa (reign, 1639-1657) in Bangaal, Aurangzeb (b/d 1618-1707), and Muraad.
Aurangzeb 1659-1707 Shaah Jahaan's third eldest son. Ruled for 48 years. He had 4 sons - Akbar, Muazzam (known as Bahaadur Shaah), Aazam, and Kambakhsh. During his ruling period, he had to face Sikh, Maraathaa (Shivaajee) etc rebel communities.
Bahaadur Shaah as
Shaah Aalam I
1707-1712 (b/d 1643-1712). Reigned for 5 years only
Jahandar Shaah 1712-1713 (b/d 1664-1713)
Faarukhsiyaar 1713-1719 (b/d 1683-1719)
Rafee ul-Darjat 1719-1719 (d 1719)
Muhammad Shaah Rangeele 1719-1748 (b/d 1702-1748) A grandson of Bahaadur Shaah. Reigned for 30 years
Ahamad Shaah Abdaalee invaded Delhi in 1748
Ahmad Shaah Bahaadur 1748-1754 (b/d 1725-1775)
Aalamgeer II 1754-1759 (b/d 1699-1759)
Shaah Jahaan III 1760  
Shaah Aalam II 1759-1806 (b/d 1728-1806)
THE THIRD PAANEEPAT BATTLE - 1761 (Mugal, Maraathaa and Afgaan)
Akbar Shaah II 1806-1837 (b/d 1760-1837)
Bahaadur Shaah II
(Bahaadur Shaah Zafar)
1837-1857 (b/d 1775-1862) Was exiled to Rangoon.
Naadir Shaah 1739- He attacked Delhi in 1739 and slaughtered thousands of people there and carried the priceless Mugal treasures, including Peacock Throne.
BATTLE OF PLAASEE - 1757 (Robert Clive and Siraaju-ud-Daulaa)
Siraaju-ud-Daulaa 1756- Alee Vardee Khaan's youngest daughter's son, 20 years old in Bangaal.
Battle of Plaasee with Robert Clive
BRITISH RAAJ (1758-1947) 287 years


Important Events of History Description

Ajantaa Caves During Chandra Gupt II period - 375-415
Ahamad Shaah Abdaalee Invasion In 1748. During Muhammad Shaah Rangeele's reign.
Alexander's Invasion Came in Chandragupt Maurya time - 326 BC, Died in 323 BC. He was only 33 yrs old.
Baanbhatt During Harsh Vardhan times. 606-647. A Braahman courtier who wrote "Harsh Charit" about Harsh Vardhan.
Battle of Paaneepat I In 1526. Babar and Ibraaheem Lodee.
Battle of Paaneepat II In 1556. Akbar and Hemoo.
Battle of Paaneepat III In 1761. Mugal, Maraathaa and Afgaan.
Battle of Plaasee In 1757 with Siraajuddaulaa of Bangaal. Robert Clive fought it.
Beerbal (1528-1583). Was in Akbar's court as a Hindi poet.
British East India Company August 1608. Landed off Soorat on the mouth of River Taaptee.
Chaitanya Mahaaprabhu 1485-1533. Born in Bangaal.
Chandragupta Maurya Dynasty 321 BC - 298 BC
Changez Khaan Changez Khaan came in 1221 in Iltumish's reign.
Delhi, New Was built by British in 1911, adjacent to Shaahjahaanbaad, built by Shaahjahaan during 1644-1648. It was later called Old Delhi after British had completed New Delhi.
Delhi, Old Was built during 1644-1648, by Shaah Jahaan as Shaahjahaanbaad, later to be called Old Delhi after British began building a New Delhi in 1911.
Delhi Sultanat Was established by Turks in 1206
Faahiyaan, (Fa-Hien) Buddhist pilgrim Came to India during Chandra Gupt II period - in early 5th century - (399-412), stayed here for 6 years
Firozaabaad Tugalaq's Delhi, built by Firoz Tugalaq, whose Puraanaa Qilaa (Old Fort) still stands as a wretched remnant of the once proud Sultanat.
French East India Company Founded with about 600,00 British Pounds in 1664. Came to India at Pondicherry in 1674.
Gautam Buddha c 563-483 BC. He died at the age of 80 years.
Hwaan Saang, Buddhist pilgrim A Buddhist monk who came to India in Harsh Vardhan's ruling period. He was here from 630-644 - 14 years and wrote "In the Footsteps of the Buddha".
Ibn Batootaa Muslim traveler who traveled through Asia and Africa, from 1325-1354, came to India during Muhammad Bin Tugalaq reign.
Jaamaa Masjid of Delhi Built by Shaah Jahaan after his Laal Quilaa was finished facing its main gate. It is the largest place of worship of India. Its central courtyard alone is over 100,000 square feet and can accommodate tens of thousands of Muslims to gather on Friday afternoon for united prayer.
Kaal Kotharee Kee Gaathaa Around 1757. Siraaju-ud-Daulaa with British
Kaali Daas During Chandra Gupt II period - 375-415. Wrote Abhigyaan Shaakuntalam, Meghdoot etc.
Vikram and Vaitaal stories say that he was one of the nine gems in Vikramaaditya king's court, the king of Ujjain, along with Vararuchi, Dhanvantari and Varaahmihir.
Kailaashnaath Temple at Elloraa  Krishnaa I (reign, 756-775) excavated Kailashnaath Temple at Elloraa, near the modern city of Aurangaabaad in Mahaaraashtra.
Kabeer 1440-1518. In Banaaras, UP. He was living after Taimoor Lang's invasion of 1414.
Khajuraaho Temple In Central India, by Chandelaa Dynasty, during the 10th century.
Mahaabalipuram Temples Were carved by Pallav king Narasinh Varmaa I, some 40 miles up north Kaancheepuram, during his reign, c 640-668.
Mahamood of Gazanee Came to India to loot it in 997, then he came annually 17 times to loot Somnaath Temple of Gujaraat.
Megasthnese, Greek Ambassador Came in Maurya's period and was very impressed with Chandragupt Maurya's administration. He mentions about Saatvaahan (Aandhra) Dynasty also of South.
Motee Masjid Built by Shaah Jahaan at Aagaraa Red Fort before he changed his capital from Aagaraa to Delhi.
Muhammad Bin Kaasim Annexed Sindh in 712 AD
Muhammad Saaheb 570-632. Spread Islaam from Saudee Arabia.
Mumtaaz Mahal (d 1631) Shaah Jahaan's wife. Died in Burhaanpur in the Dakkan, in 1631 delivering her 14th child at the age of 39. She had four sons - Daaraa Shikoh (b/d 1615-1658), Shujaa (reign, 1639-1657), Aurangzeb (b/d 1618-1707), and Muraad
Mutiny of 1857 It broke in 1857, Sir Henry Lawrence was the in-charge. The siege lasted for 87 days
Naadir Shaah Ascended on Persian throne in 1736. He asked Muhammad Shaah to join him.
Naanak 1469-1538. Born in Panjaab.
Nataraaj, Shiv idol Many bronze statues of Buddhist and Shaiv Divinities of during Chole Dynasty - 846-1044, are found around Tanjaur, Kaancheepuram, Chidaambaram area. Rarely has an artist achieved such perfect balance and harmony in any medium as in this metal statue.
Nizaam of Haidaraabad 1723-1748 in Haidaraabaad Nizaam-ul-Mulk appointed by Muhammad Shaah, a Mugal king.
Noor Jahaan (d 1645) Jahaangeer's wife. Died in Laahaur in 1645. She married her own one daughter to Khurram, Shaah Jahaan; and another daughter to Khurram's brother Shahariyaar.
Portuguese came on Maalaabaar Coast in 1498
Prithvee Raaj Chauhaan Ruled in Raajsthaan, 1180-1192 AD
Qutub Meenaar 1192-1222. Qutubuddeen Aibaq started it in 1193 but could build only its basement. IT was completed by Firoz Shaah Tugalaq in 1368.
Seleukas Came in Chandragupt Maurya time - 324-301 BC
Shaahjahaanbaad Was built during 1644-1648, by Shaah Jahaan as Shaahjahaanbaad later to be called Old Delhi after British began building a New Delhi in 1911.
Shashaaank He was the first ruler of Bangaal during the early years of the 7th century - 612 AD
Shivaajee Bhonsley 1627-1680 in Mahaaraashtra. He had a son named Saambhaajee. Saambhaajee's son was Shaahoojee.
Shoodrak, the Poet During Chandra Gupt II period - 375-415. Mrichchhrakatikaa (little clay cart)
Sikh's History From early 16th century, Guru Naanak, to 1708.
Soofeeism Spread in early 13th century in three streams - Chishtee, Suharaavardee, and Firdausee
Taaj Mahal Built by Shaah Jahaan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaaz Mahal who died in Burhaanpur in the Dakkan, in 1631 delivering her 14th child at the age of 39. This building was completed in late 1657. It is said to have taken 20,000 workers over 20 years to build after the death of Mumtaaz Mahal in 1631. It was designed by two Persian architects (Ustaad and Hameed Ahamad). It has often been called the greatest single work of Safaavid art.
Tulasee Daas (1532-1623). Wrote Raamaayan
Vaasco da Gaamaa Came to India's Maalaabaar Coast at Kaaleekat port on May 27, 1498.
Vajrayaan A branch of Buddhism which emerged as a result of the introduction of Taantrism during Harsh Vardhan times, possibly from Bangaal.

Population under Different Empires
1-Achaemenid empire (44%)
2-Sassanid empire (37%)
3-Qing empire (36.6%)
4-Roman empire (36%)
5-Mauryan empire (33.33%)

(1) Mauryan Empire had the 3rd largest area of land in BC and the 5th largest area when it comes to ancient empires. He conquered 5 million square km way back in 300 BC and

(2) Genghis Khan was in 1150-1200 AD. In those times, The percentage of world population under Mauryan Empire was much more (about 33.33% or even more of the total world population, whereas under the Mongol Empire the total population was never more than 25% of the world population. He conquer only small kingdoms like Poland Serbia and the most land was empty of people. But of course area wise Mongol Empire was a lot bigger than that.

Maurya Empire - An Empire which has 1/3rd of total population of the world, is commendable. Even on personal basis, Chandragupt Maurya would have send Genghis Khan back to his god in no time. John Durand provides an estimates of 50-60 million population for three periods - Maurya, Gupt and Harsh and Maurya empire ended in about 185 BC, so at that time the world population must have been around 150 million in 250-200 BC and Mauryan Empire had 50 million population. He had the army of around 700,000 soldiers.

For a fact, no empire is remembered as much as the Mauryan Empire in India. The national symbol of India (4 lions) is a Mauryan symbol and the Chakra (wheel) is also the Mauryan Chakra. considering the difference of time, 5-6 million square km in 300-200 BC will be more or less equal to 25-35 million square km in 1200 AD.




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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 09/27/13