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14-Ashwamedh Parv, 19
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Krishn Discourses Arjun-3: Anugeetaa-3

The Braahman said - "He who becomes absorbed in One Brahm, freeing himself from even the thought of his own identity with all things - ceasing to think even his own existence (gradual merger of the grosser in to the Subtler - the successive stages of Yog before absorption into Brahm), will succeed in crossing the bonds. The man who is a friend of all, who endures all, who has conquered all his senses, who has no fear and wrath, who has no ego, who is free from vanity, succeeds in attaining Moksh. He is also emancipated, who sees the duals equally - life and death, pleasure and pains, gain and loss, agreeable and disagreeable. He is also emancipated who does not take other's things, who never disregards anybody, who is detached from everything. He is also emancipated who has no enemy, no kinsmen, no children, no religion, no wealth, no pleasure, no desire, no Karm (good or bad), no belongings, acquires no merit or demerit. He that sees his soul without smell, touch, sound, taste, vision, belongings is said to be emancipated. He who sees his soul without the attributes of five elements to be without form and cause (formlessnees means subtlety and cause means Brahm) is emancipated. Now I shall describe the science of Yog to which nothing is superior, and how Yogee by concentration see the perfect soul. I shall tell you its instruction properly so that you can know how to direct the soul within the body to see the One that has no beginning no end.

Science of Yog

Withdrawing one's senses, one should fix his mind upon the soul, after having gone under severe austerity previously (fixing the mind upon soul becomes possible when severe austerities have been undertaken previously), one should practice the concentration of mind leading to Moksh. Observant of penance and always practicing concentration of mind, an intelligent man should practice Yog. After succeeding in concentration of mind and habituated meditation sees the Supreme Soul in his own soul. As a person sees the Unseen Individual in a dream, he can recognize him and says "This is Him", if he wakes up, he can recognize Him in that state also.

As one can see the fiber coming out of the Moonj (a kind of grass from which ropes are made), in the same way a Yogee also sees the soul coming out of his body. When one has seen the soul in Yog, the there is nobody who is master over him, because he himself is the Lord of three worlds (not even He that is the Lord of the Universe). He can assume various kinds of bodies as he wishes. Casting his physical body he attains the immutable body of Brahmaa. He has no fear seeing other creatures suffering from death. Weapons never pierce him, death doesn't exist for him. Because of enjoying Yog's sovereignty one should not leave Yog. When on has seen the soul in Yog, he then ceases the regard even for Indra. Now you hear that how to succeed in attaining to Yog  habituating oneself to meditation.

How to do Yog?

Thinking of the point behind which is the Sun, the mind should be fixed, not outside, but in the interior of the mansion in which one lives. Residing within the mansion (body), one should see in that particular room, in which he lives. At that time he, when he is in deep meditation, one sees the All (Brahm) - then there is nothing external to Brahm where the mind may dwell. (When Brahm is realized, the whole Universe seems like Brahm, so nothing else exists). One should do this in a calm and quiet place.

The Braahman continued - "Hey Maadhav, Thus told by me that intelligent disciple once more asked about the religion of emancipation that is so difficult to explain. He asked me - " How does the food become digested in the stomach at time to time? How does it transformed into juice? How does it enter my blood? How do these limbs of embodied creature grow? How does this One inhale and exhale? In which particular part of the body the soul lives? How does this Jeev, exerting himself, bear the body? Of what color and kind of body is the body in which he dwells again [after leaving this body]? Please tell me all accurately." So I replied him as I had heard.

As one sees a precious object kept in his room, in the same way he should place the mind in his body, then restraining his all senses seek after the soul. One will be gratified with himself very soon and after seeing Brahm he will be able to converse with Pradhaan (that from which the hole Universe was created). He is not capable of being seized by any of the senses. Only by the lamp of the mind that great soul can be seen. Jeev sees the soul as extracted from the body [by knowledge]. Then casting off Brahm as invested with form by holding the mind in the body, he sees Brahm as freed from all attributes. He sees the soul with his mind, smiling as if it were the Time. Depending on that bRahm he then attains to emancipation in me (Vaasudev). I have told you all the mystery, now I would have to go, you may also go wherever you wish to go." That Braahman then went away.

Krishn continued - "That Braahman the went away. You heard the same discourse when you were in the chariot. This is difficult to understand for those whose understanding is weak, or who have not acquired wisdom by studying or whose soul is not purified. O Arjun, This is the great mystery among the Devtaa which was revealed to you. It has never been told or heard on this Earth before this. No other man except you deserves to hear this. The world of Devtaa is filled with the people who follow the religion of Karm (actions); the religion of Non-Karm (inaction) is not agreeable to them.*

* Heaven is the reward for those who follow the religion of Pravritti, such as sacrifices, religious activities etc; the followers of Nivratti or inaction, means the followers of the path of knowledge attain Moksh - emancipation. Devtaa derive their sustenance from the followers of Pravritti, therefore are jealous of the followers of Nivritti. Emancipation state is higher then Devtaa themselves.

That goal is the highest which is prescribed by Brahmaa himself. By attaining this goal, one attains immortality and eternal happiness. By following this religion, even those who are sinful by birth, such as women, Shoodra, Vaishya, can also attain the highest goal; what need to say about Braahmnan and Kshatriya. There is nothing else higher than this. Yog takes place in his case who devotes himself to constant practice for a period of six months."


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Created by Sushma Gupta On 05/27/04
Modified on 12/09/10