Mahaabhaarat | Kathaa-G | 7-Post-War
|14-Ashwamedh Parv, 39-42|
|Kathaa-G - 7-Post-War - page 16|
|14-Ashwamedh Parv-page 13|
Krishn Discourses Arjun-10: Anugeetaa-10
Guru-Shishya Dialog-Adhyaatm Gyaan-2
Brahmaa Jee further said - "Normally these qualities are not completely separate from one another, they exist in a state of union. They are attached to one another, they depend on one another. As long as Goodness exists, so long does Passion exist. As long as Darkness and Goodness exist, so long does Passion exist. Thus they walk together, collectively. But they may differ in their development, which I will describe to you now. They may differ in their development, how, I tell you now.
Where Darkness exists in increased measure, in the lower creatures, for example, Passion exists in a smaller measure, and Goodness exists in still less measure. Where Passion exists in middle measurement, in creatures of middle course, for example, Darkness exists in a smaller measure, and Goodness exists in still less measure. Where Goodness exists in middle measure, in creature of upward courses, for example, Darkness exists in a small measure, Passion exists in still less measure. Goodness is the means which causes the change in senses. There is nothing higher than Goodness. They who follow Goodness go upward, they who follow Passion remain in middle, and they who Darkness sink downwards. Darkness occurs in Shoodra, Passion occurs in Kshatriya, and Goodness occurs in Braahman. All qualities exist in cooperation, never in separation.
These three qualities represent even the luminous bodies, for example take the Sun, Sun is Goodness, its heat is Passion, shade (eclipse) is Darkness. Darkness exists in large measures in immobile objects. Qualities of Passion undergo constant changes. Day, night, months, fortnights, seasons, worlds, deities, knowledge, path etc all are threefold. The past, present and future; religion, wealth and pleasure; Praan, Apaan, and Udaan - every object in the world has threefold qualities. The creation of these is eternal. The unmanifest, consisting of the three qualities, is said to be Darkness. That person who accurately knows all the names of the unmanifest is liberated from all the qualities and enjoys all happiness."
Brahmaa Jee further said - "From the unmanifest, first sprang Mahat Tattwa (the Great Soul) with great intelligence and source of all qualities. This is called first creation. This Great Soul is called as Vishnu, Jishnu, Shambhoo, the great Understanding, It has hands, feet and ears on every side. He is the Lord of all and never decays. That Mahat, who was first produced is called Egoism. And that Egoism is the source of all creatures."
Elements and Indriyaan (Senses)
Brahmaa Jee further said - "From that Egoism were born five great Elements earth, air, water, space and light. All creatures became deluded in the attributes of these matters - smell, touch, taste, sound, and color. When the Great Deluge comes all intelligent people fear. Every existed object dissolves into the object from which it was produced. This dissolution takes place in the reverse order of that in which the creation took place. After all is finished, still the wise men remain.
Elements' attributes "smell, touch, sound, taste and color) are inconstant and are called delusion. Caused by strong desire, without reality, connected with flesh and blood, depending on one another, existing outside the soul, they are all helpless and powerless. Praan, Apaan, Saman, Udaan and Vyaan - these five Vaayu (air) always live with soul. Together with mind, speech and understanding, they constitute of Universe of eight ingredients. Whose five Indriyaan, are under his control, whose mind is pure, whose understanding doesn't deviate from right path, only he can attain Brahm.
Now I tell you about the 11 organs which have sprung from Egoism - they are the skin, ear, eyes, tongue and nose; and hands, feet, lower duct, organ of reproduction, and tongue (speech). The eleventh one is mind which controls them. First five are called the organs of knowledge (Gyaan Indriyaan) and the latter ones are called the organs of action (Karm Indriyaan). One should control them first then only Brahm can shine through him. Among them mind is related to both. Te Understanding, the twelfth one, is at the top.
(1) Space is the first entity. As connected with the soul, it is called the ear; and as connected with its object it is called sound. Its presiding deity is all directions. (2) Air is the second entity. As connected with the soul, it is called the skin; and as connected with its object it is called touch, Its presiding deity is touch. (3) Light is the third entity. As connected with the soul, it is called the eye; and as connected with its object it is called color, Its presiding deity is the Sun. (4) Water is the fourth entity. As connected with the soul, it is called the tongue; and as connected with its object it is called taste, Its presiding deity is Som. (5) Earth is the fifth entity. As connected with the soul, it is called the nose; and as connected with its object it is called scent. Its presiding deity is air (wind).
In the same way, (1) Feet, As connected with the soul they are called the feet; as connected with its objects, it is motion and its presiding deity is Vishnu. (2) The Apaan Vaayu whose motion is downward (inhaling), as connected with the soul, it is called the lower duct. As connected with the objects, it is called excreta (that is ejected) and its presiding deity is Mitra. (3) As connected with the soul, it is called reproduction organs - the producer of all beings. As connected to objects, it is called vital seed (semen) and its presiding deity is Prajaapati Brahmaa Jee. (4) As connected with the soul, they are called the hands. As connected with the objects, it is actions, and its presiding deity is Indra. (5) As connected with soul, it is called speech. As connected with the object it is speaking and its deity is Agni.
(11) As connected with the soul, it is called the mind and it moves within the soul of all the five elements. As connected with the objects, it is mental operation, and its presiding deity is Chandramaa (Moon). (12) As connected with the soul, it is Egoism which is the whole course of the worldly life. As connected with objects, it is consciousness of self and its deity is Rudra. (13) As connected with the soul, it is Understanding, which impels the six senses. as connected with objects it is that which is to be understood, and its presiding deity is Brahmaa.
Three are the bases of the existent objects. A fourth one is not possible. They are - land, water and space. There are four types of birth - some are born from eggs, some are born from germs which spring upwards penetrating through the earth, others are from filth, and some are born of fleshy balls from womb. There are some inferior as well some superior beings also. These should be known born from eggs as also those which craw on their breasts. Insects are born to be from filth. This is second type of birth which is inferior.
Those living creatures that take birth by penetrating through the earth are said to be germ-born. Creatures who have two feet or crawl crookedly are born from wombs. The eternal womb of Brahmaa should be known as of two kinds - penance and meritorious acts. Actions are of several kinds - sacrifices. gifts made at sacrifices. Who know all this he knows Yog. This was the doctrine of Adhyaatm. Uniting all these together - the five senses, the objects of the senses, the five entities (elements), all should be held in mind. When understands all this, he never aspires for pleasures.
After this I shall tell you the renunciation with respect to all entities. It is now definite that the body has fire for color, water for blood and other liquids; wind for senses of touch; earth for the mind (flesh and bones); space for sound; that is is pervaded by sorrow and disease; that it is overwhelmed by five currents; and that it is made up of five elements; that it has nine doors and two deities (Jeev and Eeshwar); that it is full of passion; that it is not fit to be seen (because of its unholy nature); that it is made up of three qualities; that is has three constituent elements - wind, bile and Phlegm; that it becomes happy after enjoying every pleasure and it is full of delusions. It rests on Understanding for its support. The wheel of Time is continuously revolving.
By controlling the senses, one can win lust, fear, falsehood, enmity which are eternal and therefore are difficult to win. Who has control on them, he has attained Brahm."
Created by Sushma Gupta On 05/27/04
Modified on 12/09/10