Animals in Hindu Scriptures
Many animals have been referred to in Hindu scriptures, such as
Here are some more animals --
One animal is deer, which has also been mentioned in our scripture.
(1) Jadbharat Born as Deer
The first reference we get of a deer in
5/2. It is of Jadbharat. He was a great Yogee. He left his kingdom and
went to forest. One day he found a deer cub drowning in a river. He saved
him and brought it up. He got so much attached to it that once when he did
not find him, he died and was reborn as a deer.
(2) Seetaa Sees a Golden Deer
The second reference we get from Raamaayan, when Raavan wanted to abduct
Seetaa, he asked Maarech to appear before Her as an enchanted golden deer.
He did so and as Seetaa saw that deer She asked Raam to bring it for Her.
Raam killed it, but Maareech called upon Lakshman and Seetaa, so Seetaa
got scared and She sent Lakshman to help Raam. After Lakshman left, Raavan
(3) Yayaati Sees an Extraordinary Deer
Another reference is of Raajaa Yayaati. This name is unknown to most people
in relation to seeing an extraordinary deer in a forest. When Naarad Jee
praised Yayaati to Indra, Indra got worried and he thought to invite him to
Swarg, so he sent a messenger with his Saarathee Maatali. Yayaati talked to
Maatali and decided not to go to Swarg, and preferred rather to convert this
Prithvi into Swarg. He sent his messengers all over to follow his instructions
that they should meditate only upon Vishnu and be happy. Whoever will not
follow his teachings he will be considered as thief and will be punished.
People started doing it and they lived happily. Even after living for 100,000
years he looked as young as of a 25 years young man.
This worried Indra.
After Maatali failed to bring Yayaati to Swarg, he took help of Kaam Dev to
bring the King to Swarg. Kaam Dev succeeded in forgetting his Dharm and
sprouting the feelings of desires in his heart. One day when he went to a
forest for hunting, he saw an extraordinary deer in the forest. He had
four horns and was extraordinarily beautiful. King followed him, and that
deer took him far away (as Raam's deer took Him away) in the forest. This
was a trick to get Yayaati into trouble so that he forgets everything and
comes to Swarg Lok.
(4) Rishyashring - the Son of a Deer
Rishi Rishyashring, son of Vibhaandak Muni, who helped in performing the Putreshti
Yagya for Dasharath, was also born from a she-deer.
(5) Mrig: the Ride of Vaayu Dev
Mrig is the ride of Vaayu Dev.
Tortoise is another animals which is very much mentioned in Hindi scriptures.
(1) Vishnu's Incarnation
Tortoise, the Kashchap Avataar is Vishnu's second (the first incarnation
was of Matsya - Fish) incarnation. Vishnu took this Avataar at the time
of Saagar Manthan to stabilize the Mandaraaachal Parvat used as the churning
rod to churn the Ksheer Saagar.
(2) Food for Garud Jee
His another reference is in context of Garud Jee. As soon as Garud Jee was born, he
decided to free his mother Vinataa from the slavery of her sister. He had to bring
Amrit for that. As he felt hungry, he asked his mother something to eat. Seeing his
body, Vinataa directed him to go to his father Kashyap Jee and ask for the food from
him. So he went to Kashyap Jee and asked him some food to eat. Kashyap Jee directed
him to an island where an elephant and a tortoise lived under the curse of each other.
Garud Jee ate both of them.
He is mentioned for his long life. It is believed that a tortoise age is over
(4) In Indian Philosophy
There are two contexts in which he is mentioned in philosophical sense
--His another reference is regarding its philosophy. His mention is made
especially in the reference of a Gyaanee (learned and wise) man. His simile
is given - as the tortoise pulls his hands and feet inside and sits quietly
without being affected of all outside things or his environment, in the same
way a human being should also pull his all Indriyaan from outwardly pleasures
of the world and meditate on Bhagavaan.