Bhaagvat Puraan | Skandh-5
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Skandh 5: Page 2 of 8
Raajaa Bharat was a great devotee of Shree Hari. He married Panchjanee - the daughter of Vishwaroop [son of Twashtaa]. She gave birth to five sons named - Sumati, Raashtrabhrit, Sudarshan, Aavaran, and Dhoomraketu. And this Varsh which was known as Ajnaabh Varsh before, now started called as Bhaarat Varsh from the time of Bharat. Bharat did many Yagya. After reigning for 10 million (1 Crore) years, he handed over his kingdom to his sons and went to Pulah Aashram in Harihar Kshetra where famous Chakra Nadee (Gandakee River) flows.
8-Bharat is Born as a Mrig (Deer)
One day Bharat, after taking bath in Gandakee River, sat on the bank of the river for some time. In the meantime a thirsty she-deer came to drink water. While she was drinking water she heard the lion's roar. She got afraid and jumped to cross the river. She was pregnant. In this process her child came out of her stomach and fell in to the river. She felt severe pain and because of that pain she died. Bharat saw that cub and took it out of the water and started taking care of it. He developed so much affection for the cub that if he did not see the cub for a few moments he became restless. Thus his whole time was spent with the cub and he forgot his Tap. One day the cub died and he also died in the grief of his separation. That is why he was born as a deer cub in his next life. But because his good Karm, he remembered his previous life. He became very sad to remember that he got this life because he loved a deer so dearly that he died in the grief of a cub. He abandoned his mother and went to Shaaligraam Teerth from Kaalanjar Parvat (his own birth place). In Shaaligraam Teerth lived Pulastya and Pulah Rishi, so he also lived there in their Aashram and waited for his death passing time. Later he died.
9-Birth of Bharat in a Braahman Family
There was a very qualitative Braahman. He had two wives. His first wife had nine sons and his second wife had a twins - a son and a daughter. This twin son was Bharat. The Braahman tried his best to educate Bharat but failed. After some time that Braahman died. Bharat's mother became Satee with his father. Bharat's brothers regarded Karm the highest. They did not have any knowledge of Brahm, so they dropped the idea to educate Bharat. Bharat was just passing his time. If somebody wanted him to do some work for him, he did it happily. In return whatever he gave him, he took it without any grudge. He did not care for himself that is why people used to call him Jad-Bharat.
One day a robber intended to offer human Bali (sacrifice) to Bhadrakaalee. Although he had got a man for that, but the man ran away. So he sent his men to bring another one. They found Bharat taking care of farms from animals sitting in Veerasan position. They could not find a better person than him (because he was very stout), so they brought him in to Chandikaa's temple. As the robber was about to offer his Bali, Kaalee could not tolerate the killing of a Braahman. So the statue broke itself and Devee came out of that statue and killed the robber and his men from the same sword which was to be used to kill Bharat.
10-Bharat Meets Rahoogan
Once the King of Sindhu-Sauveer country, Raajaa Rahoogan was going somewhere in his Paalakee (palanquin). When they reached on the bank of Ikshumatee River, they needed an additional man to lift the Paalakee. They searched around but found nobody except Bharat. They asked him to help them to lift the Paalakee. Bharat got ready to help them. While walking, Bharat used to check the road one yard ahead so that he does not kill any living being. Thus his speed was slower than others' speed which caused unrest to Raajaa. So the Raajaa asked his people - "Why are you carrying this Paalakee like this?" The men replied - "O King, It is not our fault. This new man is not walking properly." Then King teased the new man - "You are such a healthy man still you are unable to carry this Paalakee?" but Bharat didn't listen to him. The King again said - "If you will not obey me, I will punish you." Then Bharat said to him - "If there is anything like weight, then only it is to be lifted. If there is anything like path then it is for walking. Being fat is also like that. It is used for body only, not for soul. Gyaanee people do not talk like this. Obesity, leanness, disease, hunger, thirst, pride, desires all are the subjects of body. You are talking about life and death so both are the subjects of all impure things, because all have the beginning and end. If we see the things with the viewpoint of Paramaarth, then who do you say master and who do you say servant? Still if you are proud of your mastership then tell me what can I do for you? I live like a Jad (lifeless or root or unconscious) in my own existence. What will you get after treating me like this? Treating me like this is like grinding something which is already ground."
Hey Pareekshit, After replying to the King Rahoogan, Bharat became silent and continued to carry the King's Paalakee. When King heard this he climbed down from the Paalakee, fell on the feet of that labor (Jad-Bharat) and asking for his forgiveness said - "You are wearing Yagyopaveet like Dwij, who are you who is wandering like this? Are you Dattaatreya, or any Avadhoot? Whose son are you? Where were you born? Are you not Kapil Jee? I don't fear from anybody, but I fear only from the insult of Braahman. In my opinion this behavioral path is also Truth, because bringing the water from a fake pitcher is no work. When a pot kept on fire becomes hot, then only the water inside it starts boiling and that heat cooks rice also inside water. In the same way when this body feels something, this soul is also affected with that."
11-Bharat Discourses to Rahoogan
Jad-Bharat said - "Hey Raajan, In spite of being A-Gyaanee (ignorant) you are talking with logic like Pandit, that is why you cannot be counted as a good learned man. Who know Tattwa Gyaan, they do not accept these things as truth. Who doesn't consider pleasures resulted from worldly Karm, even Upanishad cannot teach him Tattwa Gyaan. Until one's mind is under the control of three Gun (Sat, Raj, Tam), he continues to work according to his Indriyaan. This mind is chief among 16 Kalaa. Only it is the cause of good and bad Jeev taking different forms of body, that is why Pandit call this mind the means to come to this world and at the same time to attain Moksh. When this mind is attached to pleasures it brings Jeev to this world, but when it detaches itself from those pleasures, it takes Jeev towards Moksh.
Hey Raajan, There are 11 Vritti of mind - five Karm Indriyaan, five Gyaan Indriyaan and Ahankaar. And there are five types of Karm (actions), five Tanmaatraa, and one body these are their 11 base subjects. Smell, Roop, touch, taste, and sound are the subjects of the five Gyaan Indriyaan; and excretion, sexual pleasure, walking, speech, and giving and taking like trade - these five are the subjects of the five Karm Indriyaan; and to say to one's body that "this is mine" is the subject of Ahankaar. Some people say that Ahankaar is the 12th Vritti of mind. Thus this body, of which we are proud of, is the 12th subject. These 11 Vritti of mind are converted into hundreds and thousands of divisions by subjects, nature, Sanskaar, Karm and Kaal, but they exist only because of Kshetragya (see Kshetra and Kshetragya) soul, not by themselves alone or by jointly together. Still Kshetragya is not related with mind. Mind is only Jeev plus Maayaa, that is why mind is always inclined towards worldly pleasures.
This Kshetragya Paramaatmaa is omnipresent, initial cause of this Universe, complete, self-illuminated, unborn, and the dwelling place of all Bhoot (beings). Until the human being knows the Brahm Tattwa detaching himself, disregarding this Maayaa and winning his six enemies, he wanders in this world like that only, because this mind always increases its attachment. This mind is your powerful enemy. Control it by the worship of Shree Hari.
Contd on Next Page
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/9/02
Updated on 06/09/11