Spiritual Topics | Subhaashit
See also Chaanakya
"There are eight kinds of foes- an
act of god, fire, water, disease, plague, panic, famine and flood.
One should very much avoid swimming in a big
river and conflict with and opposition to a great man.
Never live in a city lacking these five
things: Means of livelihood, Fear of punishment, Mutual shame, Cleverness and Charity
amongst the people.
A servant is tested at the time of work,
Relatives at the time of suffering, Friends in calamities, and women during the loss of
A wise man should marry an ugly girl of
a noble family rather than a beautiful girl born in a dubious family, because a marriage
takes place only between equal families.
Never trust the following: Animals with
nails, Rivers, Horned animals, Men with weapons, Women, and the Royal family (because
all change temperament without warning).
Compared to men women have eight times
the diet, four times the brain, six times the courage and eight times the desire.
Never live in a city lacking in these
five things: a rich man, a Vaidik Braahman, a ruler, a river and a doctor.
The parents who do not educate their
child are his enemies.
Separation from one's wife, lack of
respect from friends and relatives, a balance loan, service of an evil king, poverty,
and a gathering of fools - all these burn the body without fire.
These three are destroyed soon:
Trees on the bank of a river, a woman who lives in another's house and a king
A prostitute deserts a man without
money, the people desert a defeated king, birds a fruitless tree, and a guest
the house after having his food.
Appropriate food and the capacity
to digest it, a beautiful wife and the power to make love to her, extensive wealth
and the inclination to charity, all these are not the fruit of a small amount of
penance (ie they are the fruits of a large amount of penance).
Whose son is under his control, whose wife
follows his words, who has ample wealth, for him, this world itself is heaven.
Never trust a bad friend. Even a good friend
should not be trusted too much, because, if he ever gets angry, he will reveal all your
Indulgence leads to demerits and admonition
leads to development of good qualities. Hence, sons and students should be admonished and
Whose family is without a stain? Who is not
suffering from some disease? Who has not experienced a crisis? Who has always experienced
The industrious one is devoid of poverty,
the one who chants is devoid of sins, for the silent there are no quarrels, and there
is no fear for those who are alert.
Seetaa was kidnapped because of too much
beauty, Raavan was killed because of excess pride, King Bali was bound in ropes because
of excess charity; therefore, always shun excess in anything.
Indulge a child till five years; for
the next ten, chide him to mend his faults; but, as soon he becomes sixteen years
old, start treating him like a friend.
A man's behavior reveals his family background,
his manner of speaking his place of origin, respect reveals his affection, and the makeup of
his body reveals his food habits.
Where fools are not worshipped, sufficient
quantity of grain is in store, where husband and wife don't fight with each other, there
Goddess Lakshmee dwells by her own choice.
A Koel's beauty is in her voice, a woman's
beauty in her loving devotion to her husband, an ugly person's beauty is his knowledge
and for saints, beauty lies in forgiveness.
Kings give order only once, wise men give
their decision only once, and a daughter is given in marriage only once. All three are
done only once.
Penance is done alone, studies with two,
singing with three, traveling with four, farming with five, and a battle is fought well
A scripture is poison without practice, food
is poison for those having indigestion, a gathering is poison for a poor fellow, and a young
woman is poison for an old man.
For men too much walking, for horses being tied up,
for women the lack of copulation, and for clothes exposure to sunshine - all lead to deterioration
and old age.
One should ponder over again and again
over the following points: who are my friends, who are my enemies, what is the ground
level situation, what is my income and expense, who am I, and what is my strength.
For the Braahman fire is the god; for the sages,
god is in the heart; for those low on knowledge the idol is the god;, and for those who see
impartially (Sama-darshee), god is everywhere.
It is better to have a single son with good
qualities, rather than several ones without qualities; because, a single moon removes the
darkness of the night, rather than the large number of stars in the sky.
Better than a long-living foolish son is the
son who dies as soon he is born. The latter gives a brief pain, but the foolish one gives
torment as long as he lives.
For the twice born, fire is the Guru, for
all castes, Braahman are the Guru, for women, husband is the Guru, and a guest is guru
Those who criticize the wisdom of the Vedas,
describe the noble behavior enjoined by the scriptures as useless, call the peaceful person a
hypocrite, all these merely trouble themselves without cause.
Charity destroys poverty, good behavior
destroys troubles, knowledge destroys ignorance, and Bhakti destroys fear.
Desire is the biggest disease in the world;
infatuation the biggest enemy; anger the greatest fire; and knowledge the highest pleasure
in the world.
For the Brahm Gyaanee the heaven, for the
brave warrior his life, for one who has won his senses a woman, and for those
who are not greedy this world, all are but mere twigs.
For those living in a foreign land his
education is the true friend; in the house a wife is a manís true friend; for the ill
medicine is the best friend; and for the dead dharma is the only friend.
All these are useless: Rainfall in the sea,
feeding those with already a full stomach, donating wealth to the already rich, and
lighting a lamp in the day.
There is no water purer than a cloudís,
no power greater than oneís own inner strength, no light like that of the eye and nothing
more likeable than food.
The poor want wealth, the animals want to
speak, humans desire the heavens and gods desire salvation.
It is truth which bears this world, the
Sun shines because of truth, and the wind blows because of truth; all are established
in truth only.
In this transient world wealth, our breath,
life, and youth, all are transient. If anything is unshaking, it is Dharm.
In humans the barber is the most cunning,
in birds the crow, in four-legged creatures the jackal and amongst women the wife of the
Be afraid of a fearful circumstance only till
it is far. As soon as it comes near, strike at it fearlessly.
No official is above greed, one without
desire is not fond of beauty, an unintelligent person cannot be a sweet talker, and a
straightforward person can never be a crook.
Fools bear malice towards the wise, the
poor towards the rich, prostitutes towards women of noble families, and widows towards
Money protects dharm, yoga protects knowledge,
gentleness saves the king, and a chaste woman protects the house.
A man understands dharm by hearing the
scriptures, by hearing does he leave aside wicked thoughts, by listening does he gain
knowledge, and by listening does he gain enlightenment (Moksh).
Amongst birds the crow, in animals the dog,
in saints the one prone to anger, and in humans the one who criticizes everybody, these are
the outcastes (chandala).
A bronze vessel becomes pure on cleaning
with ash, a copper vessel is purified by application of sour mangoes (Khataai), women are
purified by menstruation, and rivers on being flooded.
A manís intelligence follows whatever is
supposed to happen, all means and helpers too become available to achieve it.
Those born blind, those blinded with
desire, and those blinded with pride, all three cannot see, and a fourth, the selfish
ones, cannot see their faults.
The ruler has to suffer the fruits of sins
committed by his people, the royal priest suffers the sins of the ruler, a husband the
sins of his wife, and a guru the sins committed by his disciple.
Control the greedy man by money,
the proud by folding hands, a fool by doing what he says, and a wise person by
telling the truth.
A wise man should never reveal the following:
a loss of wealth, a worry bothering the mind, faults of his household, having been made a
fool by someone, and being humiliated.
One should always be satisfied with following
three: oneís own wife, food and money. One should never be satisfied with following: oneís
study, penance, and charity.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 5/9/09
Updated on 02/10/13