Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Sketches
Names of Some Freedom Fighters
Lokmaanya Baal Gangaadhar Tilak (1856-1920)
One of Tilak's strongest movements to evoke nationalism through religious passions was the organization of festivals like Ganesh Chaturthee in Mahaaraasthra, which not only inspired feelings of unity in Hindu in Mahaaraashtra, but gave freedom fighters an opportunity to meet when the British government illegalized any gatherings, writings and slogans that could incite violence.
Bhagat Singh, Sardaar
(commonly known as Sardar Bhagat Singh)
Bipin Chandra Pal (patriots-statesmen)
A great Patriot and saint, that is the real identity of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose who sacrificed his professional and personal life for the nation. Some people write history with a pen, some by their might, and some simply by virtue of being associated with someone. But if ever there was a man, who wrote history by his blood, courage and sheer determination, it was only Subhash Chandra Bose.
He was a brilliant student, influenced by Swami Vivekanand teachings. He joined the Indian civil services (ICS) in England but deeply disturbed by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre he returned to India. His motivational leadership inspired thousands of Indians to die for the motherland, and his Indian National Army shook the foundations of the mighty British. He was one of the few politicians who worked towards Hindu-Muslim unity . He coined the nationalist phrase "Jai Hind" which later achieved popularity as a patriotic salutation in independent India.
He has the distinction of both working with Mahatma Gandhi as well as embracing revolutionary nationalism through armed struggle. The only man in India who had guts to oppose Gandhi. But he respected Gandhi and he only labeled Mahatma Gandhi as the 'father of the nation'. Bose advocated complete freedom for India, whereas the congress committee wanted it in phases, through a Dominion status.
He was elected president of the Indian National Congress (INC) twice in 1937 and in 1939, the second time defeating Gandhijee nominee. He brought a resolution to give the British six months to hand over India to the Indians, falling which there would be a revolt. There was much opposition to his rigid stand, and he resigned from the post of president and formed a progressive group known as the Forward Block.
During World war II, India was declared as a warring state. Bose started a mass movement against this and the British promptly imprisoned him. It was in 1941, that Bose suddenly disappeared. In November 1941, his broadcast from German radio sent shock waves amongst the British and electrified the Indian Masses. The Axis powers assured Bose Military and other help to fight the British. He Formed the Indian National Army (INA) and a government by the name Azad Hind Government, declared on the October 21, 1943. INA freed the Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British and were renamed as Swaraj and Shaheed islands.
Delhi Chalo (Let's March to Delhi) was the cry of the INA. India is calling, Blood is calling to blood. Get up, we have no time to lose. Take up your arms ! we shall carve our way through the enemy's ranks, or if God wills, we shall die a martyr's death. And in our last sleep we shall kiss the road that will bring our Army to Delhi. The road to Delhi is the road to Freedom. Chalo Delhi (March to Delhi)." Unfortunately, Bose, while traveling from Singapore to Tokyo reportedly died in a plane crash. He was just 48 then.
Subhash Chandra Bose was endowed with great physical, mental and spiritual powers. But he never revealed his spiritual powers to anyone. He had a burning desire to make India a great and prosperous country. No other leader had such a strong aspiration for the freedom and progress of the country as Subhash Chandra Bose. He was the one who believed in action; not merely in speech like many other leaders. There are many great leaders in our country even today, but what is the use if they do not put into practice what they preach? They say a million things but do not put into practice even one!
Bose was the real person who practiced what he preached. He often used to say that:
In the book The Last Years of British India", Michael Edwardes, the distinguished British historian of the Raj, wrote of Bose: "Only one outstanding personality of India took a different and violent path, and in a sense India owes more to him than to any other man."
Last but not least It is very important to remember that India's freedom movement was in fact a movement of the masses and there were a number of great leaders with fierce patriotism and great visionary ideas who sacrificed their entire lives for the nation's cause
Vallabh Bhai Patel (Sardar, commonly known as Sardar Patel) - Lauh Purush (Iron Man)
Zulfikaar Alee Bhutto
Firoz Gandhi (Husband of Indira Gandhi, died on Sep 8, 1960)
Prime Ministers and Presidents of India 1947-2000
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 02/12/14