Raam Charit Maanas | 8-Notes


Home | Maanas | 8-Notes

Notes A-L

Back to Index

Prem Mudit Man Se Kaho Raam, Raam, Raam, Shree Raam, Raam, Raam

Maanas Home


Baal Kaand

Ayodhyaa Kaand

Aranya Kaand

Kishkindhaa Kaand

Sundar Kaand

Lankaa Kaand

Uttar Kaand




Notes A-L

"A" means not, and "Parn" means leaves - without leaves. One name of Paarvatee Jee, the daughter of Himvaan and Mayanaa. She was given this name by great poets Kaalidaas and Tulasee Daas Jee, because She meditated upon Shiv Jee for a long time even without taking dry leaves.
[Back to 1-Baal/4]

There is unlimited power enclosed within us. When all that energy is directed towards the worship of Bhagavaan, it is called Bhakti or Devotion. In Geetaa, Bhagavaan Krishn describes the qualities of a Bhakt or a devotee - "He who acts for Me, who is engrossed in Me, who is My devotee, who is free from attachment, he reaches Me!"

Bhoj Tree
In ancient times the bark of Bhoj tree was used to make paper like writing material in India.

Dasharath     see also    Shravan Kumaar
These Dasharath and Kaushlyaa were the same couple as Manu and Shatroopaa, who did Tapasyaa in the beginning the creation and got the Var to have a son like Bhagvaan. (Read Baal Kaand/9 for the whole story). Dasharath was born in Soorya Vansh (family line). His father's name was Aj and grandfather's name was Raghu. Raghu was born in Ikshwaaku family. Dasharath and Kaushalyaa were the incarnation of Kashyap and Aditi too. Dash means ten and Rath means chariot. He was called Dasharath because he had control on his ten Indriyaan (senses), besides, it is said about him that he could handle ten chariots together.

There are three types of desires in a human being - Putra (son) Kaamanaa, Dhan (wealth) Kaamanaa, and Yash (fame) Kaamanaa. It is said that a man's son and wealth desires are fulfilled but fame desire is never satisfied.

In Sanskrit dog means Shwaan, Indra means Maaghavan, and young man means Yuvaa. According to Paanini grammar these three words have the same Roop (form).

Four Types of Creation of the World
There are four types creation in this world:-
1. Andaj - living beings which are born from eggs
2. Swedaj - living beings which are born from sweat
3. Jaraayuj - living beings which are born from Jaraayu
4. Udbhij - living beings which do not move 

One should consider him as Vairaagee and Gyaanee who has,
 1. no pride, (Dambh)
 2. no respect for himself (Maan)
 3. no Hinsaa (violence), 
 4. no crookedness, (cunningness)
 5. no control of mind, 
 6. no forgiveness (Kshamaa)
 7. no service to Guru, 
 8. no Bhakti
 9. no stability

and who
10. is attached to pleasures of Indriyaan, 
11. his mind is attached to this world of birth, death and diseases
12. is attached to wife, son, house etc.
13. feels happiness and sadness in getting and not getting something
14. doesn't like solitude
15. loves the people who enjoy pleasures
16. is unclean
[See also Geetaa 13:7-11].

Ichchhaa Mrityu
Or death according to one's wish. In this boon, death can come only according to one's wish. In other words whenever that person wants to die, he will die at the same time, not according to Kaal, so he has full control on his death. This boon was to one more person only in our history, that was Bheeshm (Devavrat).

Isht Dev
There are hundreds of Devtaa in Hindu Dharm. Somebody selects some Devtaa as his Isht Dev (personal god), and somebody else selects some other Devtaa. People may worship many Devtaa, but their Isht Dev (favorite, or in whom they believe most) is only one. The same Devtaa is called Isht Dev. Here Kaagbhushundi's Isht Dev is the child form of Raam.

Jayamaalaa literally means, Jaya means victory, Maalaa means garland, i.e. that garland which is put on in somebody's neck at the time of his victory. In the context of marriage, Jayamaalaa is put on in the neck of groom by the bride with the sense that "he has victory over the bride". This custom is very old and is continuing since. This is called Varmaalaa also.

Lakshman Rekhaa
In fact this line is regarded as the line of control or where the activities of a housewife end. If any woman, whether the daughter or the daughter-in-law stays in her limits, there are very lean chances of troubles on a family, but if she crosses her limits then there may not be any end of troubles. This line always protects the woman as well as family. In Hindi Language it is called "Lakshman Rekhaa". Whoever women stay inside their Lakshman Rekhaa they are Satee women and they may attain certain powers to fight with odds in their lives. This is proved from this incident that Raavan couldn't have even touched Seetaa if She had stayed inside the line. That is why he asked Her to come out of the line.
That is why Lakshman drew the line that "Hey Seetaa, please stay inside your limits till the men of he house come back to take care of you. If you will cross it you may be in trouble." Seetaa did think twice to cross that line before She gave alms to Raavan. In fact he said - "I don't take the alms from inside the line." Why? Because he wanted to bring Seetaa outside the line so that he could abduct Her, harm Her. Without this he could not do anything. If he crossed that line he would have burned, so he asked Her to come out of the line



Home | Maanas | 8-Notes


Back to Index

Created by Sushma Gupta on May 27, 2002
Modified on 06/09/11