Puraan | 6-Naarad Puraan | 1-Poorv Bhaag
This second part of Poorv Bhaag of Naarad Puraan is very big - 153-400=250 pages. It contains a few chapters on grammar astrology, and Chhand. Most of this information is omitted here.
Bharadwaaj asked Bhrigu Jee - "Hey Maharshi, Only one highest Lok among all Lok is heard, I wish to go that highest Lok. Tell me something about it." Bhrigu Jee said - "There is a region in north near Himaalaya, that is very sacred and beautiful. The same is considered the highest Lok, because people living there are sinless, holy, not greedy, detached and peaceful. That region is like Swarg. There is no untimely death there, no disease there, people are not after other's wives, they do not kill others for money, they don't consider A-Dharm good, they get fruits of their directly.
In this Lok, some people get money easily while some have to work very hard for it, some are very religious while others are evil, all have to suffer with hard work, fear, intense love and hunger. This Lok is Karm Bhoomi (action ground). Here people get the fruits of their Karm, good for good and bad for bad. In the ancient times Brahmaa Jee attained Brahm Lok after doing Tapasyaa and Yagya. The greedy people take birth and rebirth only in this region, they don't go towards northern region. Who knows Dharm and A-Dharm, only he is wise."
Bharadwaaj asked - "What is that Adhyaatm which is meditated upon?" Bhrigu Jee said - "Whatever fruit is of Adhyaatm Gyaan, that is welfare of everybody. There are five Mahaa-Bhoot - earth, water, fire, air and space. These are the sources of birth and death of all creatures. Whichever Bhoot (creature) is born from whatever Mahaa-Bhoot, he dissolves in the same after death. As waves rise from the sea and are dissolved in the same sea, in the same way these beings are born from these Panch Mahaa-Bhoot and dissolve in them only at the time of Pralaya. Mahaa-Bhoot are only five. Paramaatmaa uses these Mahaa-Bhoot to create all beings, but Jeev does not see that Paramaatmaa.
Sound, ears and the pores of our body - these three have appeared from space. Touch, effort (movement) and skin - these three are air's functions. Roop (seeing), eyes and Paak - these three are fire's functions. Taste, wetness and tongue - these three are the attributes of water. Smell, nose and body - these three are earth's functions. Thus these five Mahaa-Bhoot are in five Gyaan Indriyaan and the sixth one is Man (mind). Buddhi (intellect) is said to be the 7th Tattwa and Kshetragya (soul) is the 8th one. Ear is for hearing, skin is for touching and feeling, taste is tongue's function, and smelling is nose's function. Eyes see, mind doubts and Buddhi decides (discriminates), while Kshetragya is indifferent in all activities like a witness. All is seen by Kshetragya from the tip to toe. Kshetragya is extensive, he is spread in the whole body. Purush (Brahm) is knower, and all senses are known to Him. Tamo Gun, Rajo Gun and Sato Gun - all these three are dependent on Purush. Whoever knows this Adhyaatm Gyaan, he knows about the coming and going of Bhoot and thus lives in peace.
Through which Purush sees, that is eyes; through which He hears, that is ears; through which He tastes, that is tongue; through which He feels, that is skin; through Buddhi He gains knowledge and makes decisions and through which He desires that is Man (mind). Buddhi is at the highest of all, therefore five Indriyaan and their five subjects are kept separated from it. Kshetragya is the Lord of all of them, and they cannot see him.
Love, affection and happiness are Sato Gun, while sorrow is Rajo Gun and anger is Tamo Gun. Thus these are three natures. Whatever natures are available in this world, they all are related to these three. These three Gun are always found in all living beings, that is why these three kinds of feelings are found in all living beings. Whatever in your heart is related to happiness, that is Saatwik feeling; whatever is related to sorrow and makes you unhappy, that is Rajo Gun; and whatever is related to Moh (attachment), its basis is not known and which does not come under Gyaan, that is Tamo Gun - you should know thus.
Joy, love, Aanand (pleasure), comfort and peace of mind - these feelings are Saatwik feelings. Dissatisfaction, repentance, sorrow, greed and intolerance are the signs of Rajo Gun. Insult, Moh, craziness, dreaming are the signs of Tamo Gun. Who inclines towards wrong doings, his heart has two sides - asking and doubting. Whose heart is under his control, he is certainly happy in this world. He is happy in other world too after his death.
Sattwa (Buddhi) and Kshetragya, both are subtle (minute). Who knows the difference between them, he feels comfortable in both the worlds. One of them develops qualities while the other one does not. Sat, Raj and Tam Gun do not know soul (Aatmaa), but Aatmaa knows all Gun. Although Purush is only the seer of Gun, still joined with Buddhi, he considers himself the creator of those Gun. Thus Purush and Sattwa become one, but their separation is certain.
When Buddhi pulls the rope of Indriyaan horses and controls them properly, at that time, Aatmaa is seen clearly. Whoever Muni always enjoys Aatmaa by abandoning all worldly Karm, only he attains good Gati by becoming the soul of all beings. As water birds do not attach to water in spite of living in water; in the same way, a pure-Buddhi Purush also does not get attached to this world in spite of living with all beings. He lives in this world but with detached mind. As dirty people become clean after taking bath in Gangaa water, in the same way, learned people also become pure-Buddhi after obtaining knowledge.
With impure and unclean heart, people cannot see the soul in separate Indriyaan, because the soul is beyond all Indriyaan, Man and Buddhi, because He is witness to them. Who knows like thus, only he is Gyaanee. Who does Karm without attachment and without desire of its fruit, only he breaks the bondage with his previous life's actions and such Karm do not provide any kind of desirous or non-desirous fruits. By doing any Punya, nobody gets sorrow, but if he commits any sin, he lives in fear his whole life."
Bharadwaaj said - "Brahman, Tell me about Dhyaan Yog now, so that I can be fearless. Tell me about Tattwa, by knowing which a man becomes free from all Taap (sorrows)." Bhrigu Jee said - "Although Dhyaan Yog is of two types, but I will tell you only one type of Dhyaan Yog. By knowing this, Maharshi attain eternal place (Moksh). The way Yogee do Dhyaan Yog, with that way they become free from this world. They do not come back here. They do not suffer from dualities, such as heat-cold, sorrow-pleasure, poverty-prosperity etc. Detachment pacifies the mind.
Gather your mind from everywhere. Don't let your Indriyaan run away here and there. Just sit as a wood. Do not hear anything from your ears, do not touch anything from your skin, do not see anything from your eyes, do not taste anything from your tongue, and do not smell anything from your nose. The five subjects, in fact, attract the five Indriyaan very easily. One should leave the desire of these subjects through meditation, then concentrate his Man (mind) around his aim (Hari). Mind is a wanderer, it has no base, and these five Indriyaan are its five exits. It is powerful enough for a person who has no control on his Indriyaan but weak enough for a person who has controlled his Indriyaan. Thus the man should soon concentrate in meditation. When he has controlled his Indriyaan, his Dhyaan becomes Siddh (complete). This I told you about the first Dhyaan Maarg (path).
Even after this, previously controlled mind desires to wander away at certain times. As lightening appears in sky at time to time, as a drop of water on a leaf is unstable from all sides, in the same way Saadhak's mind is also unstable in first Dhyaan Maarg. It stables for a moment, but the next moment it starts wandering away again. One should try to find its reason and then remedy. In such Muni's mind, arise ideas, arguments and Gyaan. He should never be sad or indifferent about them. He should always make efforts for Dhyaan. This all goes slowly, it takes time, but in the end all becomes completely quiet. In first Dhyaan Maarg, all Indriyaan and mind get quiet automatically.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/17/13