Puraan | 3-Vishnu Puraan | 3-Triteeya Ansh
Names of Ved Vyaas
Maitreya Jee said - "I have known that this whole world is born from Vishnu, is established in Vishnu, and is nothing except Vishnu. Now I wish to hear about "how Bhagavaan has divided Ved in the form of Ved Vyaas in every 4-Yug."
Paraashar Jee said - "Hey Maitreya Jee, Ved has thousands of branches. In every Dwaapar Yug, Bhagavaan Vishnu appears as Vyaas and divides one Ved into many. He does that because He knows that human mind is not strong enough to understand it wholly. By which physical body He does that, its name is Ved Vyaas.
In each Dwaapar Yug of Vaivaswat Manvantar, Vyaas Rishi has divided Ved 28 times. (This means that in this present Manvantar, 28 Chatur-Yug have passed and this is Kali Yug of the 28th 4-Yug period).
In 1st Dwaapar Yug Brahmaa Jee himself divided Ved.
Thus these 28 Vyaas are the previous Ved Vyaas. After my son Krishn Dwaipaayan, in the next Dwaapar Yug, Drone's son Ashwathhaamaa will be Ved Vyaas. "Aum" - this eternal Akshar (letter) is Brahm who is the cause of Creation and Pralaya. This is much minute than Mahat-Tattwa. I greet him.
In the beginning of Creation Ved, born from Bhagavaan, consisted of 100,000 (1 Lakh) Mantra. The same propagated Agnihotra etc and 10 types of Yagya which fulfilled human desires etc. In 28th Dwaapar Yug, my son Krishn Dwaipaayan divided it in four parts. This Ved is divided in the same way as Krishn Dwaipaayan did in all Chatur-Yug. I also did in the same way. Know Krishn Dwaipaayan as Naaraayan Himself. Because who can write Mahaabhaarat like Granth (huge book) in the whole world?
How did he divide that, now you listen to that. He selected four Rishi as his disciples. He taught Rig Ved to Pail Rishi, Yajur Ved to Vaishampaayan Jee, Saam Ved to Gemini, and Atharv Ved to Sumantu. Besides, he selected Romharshan from Soot family to teach Itihaas (history) and Puraan.
In earlier times, Yajur Ved was only one. He divided it in four parts that is how it introduced Chaaturhotra method, which in turn became the foundation of Yajur Ved. Vyaas established the Karm of Adhwaryu from Yajur Ved, Hotaa from Rig Ved, Udgaataa from Saam Ved and Brahmaa from Atharv Ved. After this he compiled Rig Ved and Yajur Ved from Yajur Shruti; and Saam Ved from Saam Shruti. Atharv Ved describes King's Karm and Brahm Gyaan (knowledge).
Thus Ved Vyaas Jee divided Ved in four parts, then a lot of other parts were created out of those parts. First Pail divided Rig Ved into two parts and taught them to Indrapramiti and Baashkal. Then Baashkal divided his own part into four parts and taught them to his four disciples - Bodhya, Aagnimaadhak, Yaagyavalkya and Paraashar. Indrapramiti taught his own part to his son Maandukeya.
Being the disciple, Shaakalya Vedmitra learned that Sanhitaa and divided it in five parts. He taught them to Mudgal, Gomukh, Vaatusya, Shaaleeya, and Shareer.
Shukla and Taittireeya Yajur Ved
Vyaas' disciple Vaishampaayan divided Yajur Ved in 27 branches and taught them to his disciples. He had a very religious, pious and faithful disciple named Yaagyavalkya (Devaraat's son). At one time all Rishi decided that whoever will not attend the meeting of those Rishi he will attach to Brahm killing sin. Only one Rishi didn't attend it - and that was Vaishampaayan. After this, in sheer madness, he killed his nephew (sister's son) and asked his disciples to do something which could free him from the Brahm killing. At this Yaagyavalkya said - "Bhagavan, There is no need to trouble all of them, they are not so strong, I alone will do this Vrat." Guru Viashampaayan got very angry at this and said to Yaagyavalkya - "You have insulted Braahman, so leave everything whatever you have learned from me here. You are calling all good Braahman weak? I don't have to do anything with you." Yaagyavalkya said - "I said all this because of my devotion to you. I also don't have to do anything with you, so take this whatever I have learned from you."
Paraashar said - And Yaagyavalkya spitted out the whole Yajur Ved smeared with blood and went away. Other Rishi took that Ved assuming the form of Teetar (Tittir), that is why they all were called Tattireeya. After this Yaagyavalkya worshipped Soorya Bhagvaan with the desire of obtaining Yajur Ved. [Soory's prayer is given on p 175-176, Shlok 16-25]. Pleased with the prayer of Yaagyavalkya, Soorya appeared in the form of a horse and said - "Ask your desired Var." Yaagyavalkya said - "Discourse me on Yajur Ved and even those Shruti of Yajur Ved which are not known to my Guru." Then Soorya discoursed him "Ayaatyaam" named Yajur Shruti. Whoever Braahman learned them were called "Baajee", because Soorya Dev discoursed on them in the form of a horse. These Shruti have 15 branches and all branches are said to be introduced by Yaagyavalkya Jee."
Branches of Saam Ved
Paraashar said - "Hey Maitreya, Now you listen to how Jaimini divided Saam Ved. Jaimini had a son named Sumantu, Sumantu's son was Sukarmaa. Both Sumantu and Sukarmaa studied Saam Ved's one branch each. Then Sukarmaa divide his one branch into 1,000 branches and taught them to Kausalya Hiranyanaabh and Paushpinji. Hiranyanaabh had 500 disciples.
Sumant taught Atharv Ved first to his disciple Kabandh. Later Vyaas created Puraan Sanhitaa. Romharshan was Vyaas Jee's well-known disciple. He taught him Puraan Sanhitaa. Romharshan had six disciples - Sumati, Agnivarchaa, Mitraayu, Shaanspaayan, Akintvran, and Saavani.
Names of 18 Puraan
1st is Brahm Puraan
Besides these Puraan, Muni have told several other Upa-Puraan (smaller Puraan) also. All Puraan describe creation, Pralaya, Devtaa, lineages, Manvantar, and various kings' lineages. Hey Maitreya, Whichever Puraan I am telling you now, it is Vishnu Puraan. It was told after Padm Puran. This whole Puraan describes only Vishnu.
14 Branches of Knowledge
There are 5 Vedaang, 4 Ved, Meemaansaa, Nyaaya, Puraan and Dharm Shaastra these are 14 branches of knowledge. After adding Aayur Ved, Dhanur Ved, Gaandharv Ved and economics, this number grows to 18.
There are three types of Rishi - Brahmarshi, Devarshi, and Raajarshi. All branches are same in all Manvantar. Tell me now what should I tell you?"
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/15/13