Puraan | 2-Padm Puraan | 5-Uttar Khand
2-Padm Puraan, 5-Uttar Khand, p 900-909
This Khand covers the pages 610-1001 (390 pages) of the book. Importance of Badaree Naath; Gangaa; Tulasee, Shaaligraam, Prayaag Teerth, various kinds of Daan (charities); about Shani Dev; various Vrat; Ekaadashee of all months; worship of Yam Raaj and Dwaadashee Vrat; Vishnu Sahastranaam; story of devotee Pundareek; importance of Vishnu and various flowers to use in His worship; Shankhaasur, Kaartik and Maagh Snaan and Vrat; Narasinh Chaturdashee; Geetaa; Bhaagvat Kathaa; Avataar stories - Matsya, Koorm, Narasinh, Vaaman, Parashuraam, Raam, and Krishn.
Pushkar Uplifts People from Narak
Vashishth Jee said - "Hey Raajan, Who do Maagh Snaan they go to and come from other Divine Lok like this only. Only Punya causes this coming and going. In earlier times Pushkar Jee also went to Yam Lok and started living here in his house after uplifting people in Narak. In Tretaa Yug, when Raam was the King, a Braahman's son died and went to Yam Lok. Later he came back to life, didn't you hear that? [read this story in V-Raamaayan, 7/29] Devakee-nandan Krishn brought His Guru Saandeepan Muni's dead son back to life from Yam Lok. [read this in Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/p15]
The King Dileep asked - "Where did Pushkar Jee live? How he went to Yam Lok and how did he uplift people from Narak?" Vashishth Jee said - "Pushkar lived in Nandi Graam. He was very religious and did Maagh Snaan regularly. He always recited Vishnu's names. One day Yam Raaj ordered his messengers to bring Pushkar named Braahman who lived in Nandi Graam, to him. The messengers could not recognize Yam's Pushkar and took this Pushkar to him. Yam Raaj got frightened to see this Pushkar and got up from his Aasan. He made him sit on an Aasan and scolded his messengers - "What did you do this? I told you bring another Pushkar. Why have you brought this Pushkar who is Vishnu Bhakt and does Maagh Snaan regularly?" Then he said to Pushkar - "Braahman Raaj, Your family members are crying for you, so you go just now."
Pushkar said - "Bhagavan, I wish to see Narak." Hearing this Yam Raaj showed him hundreds of Narak. Seeing their punishments, Pushkar got very sad. He asked those people - "Didn't you do any Punya in your previous lives so that you are suffering here?" They said - "Vipravar, We did not do any Punya on Prithvi. We committed all kinds of sins but did not do any Punya, that is why we are suffering here." Pushkar asked - "Didn't you worship Janaardan even once? That is why you are suffering here. Now you remember Bhagavaan's names. I also do Keertan of His names. Those names will definitely help you." Narak Jeev said - "You stay here for some time more, the air which is coming touching your body is giving us lots of comfort." Yam Raaj said to Pushkar - "O Braahman, Now you have seen Narak, you may go back to Earth, your wife is crying for you."
Pushkar said - "Bhagavan, Till I hear these people's crying sound, how can I go back? Even if I went from here, will I be comfortable there? I will recite Prabhu's names for them." And he started reciting Vishnu's names. He said - "Hey Krishn, Vishnu exists in everybody and everything exits in Vishnu, if this is truth, then these people should be free from their sins. Hey Achyut, Hey Jagannaath, Hey Hare, Hey Vishno, Protect these people." Hearing those names, those sinners immediately got free from their sins. All said to him - "Brahman, You have uplifted us, may God spread your fame." Yam Raaj got very surprised to see this. He bestowed him with boon - "Hey Dharmaatmaa, You always live on Prithvi. Your well-wishers and you will not have any fear from me. Who will remember you, he should not fear from bad kind of death."
Vashishth Jee said - "After this Pushkar Jee came back to Prithvi and started living as before. Whoever listens to this story, his all Paap are destroyed.
Marriage of Mrigshring and Grihasth Aashram Dharm
The King Dileep said - "You have told me a strange thin in the reply of my question, now tellm me the remaining part of Mrigshring's life." Vashishth Jee said - "Mrigshring completed his education and came home. Then Uchathya Rishi decided to marry his daughter to Mrigshring. Mrigshring also wanted to marry Suvrittaa but by the order of Ved Vyaas Jee, he married all the four girls - Suvrittaa, Kamalaa, Vimalaa, and Surasaa. Shruti says that "Braahm Vivaah is the best for Braahman", so Mrigshring married four of them with Braahm method."
The King Dileep asked - "Munivar, How many types of Vivaah (marriage) are there for the four Varn? If it is not a secret, then tell me also." Vashishth Jee said - "Vivaah are of 8 types - (1) Braahm - where the groom is invited and the bride is donated adorned with ornaments. A son born from this Vivaah uplifts 21 generations. (2) Daiv - when the bride is given to the Ritwij who has been invited to do Yagya. A son born from this Vivaah uplifts 14 generations. (3) Aarsh - where the bride is given to the groom after taking 2 bulls. A son born from this Vivaah uplifts 6 generations. (4) Praajaapatya - "both should follow Dharm living tgether" when a bride is given to groom saying like this, it is called Praajaapatya Vivaah. A son born from this Vivaah uplifts 6 generations. These 4 Vivaah are considered good for Braahman. (5) Aasur - where girl is bought through wealth, it is called Aasur Vivaah. (6) Gaandharv - where bride and groom marry because of their friendship, it is called Gaandharv Vivaah. (7) Raakshas - where the bride is brought by force. Good people have told this bad., and (8) Paishaach - where the bride is abducted by cheating, it is called Paishaach Vivaah. This is the worst Vivaah. One should marry a Sa-Varn (the same Varn) girl taking her hand in his hand. This is the method. Thus Mrigshring started with his four wives happily.
Grihasth Dharm and the Characteristics of Pativrataa
The King Dileep asked - "What are the characteristics of a Pativrataa woman, and Grihasth Aashram?" Vashishth Jee said - "Anybody who follows good conduct, he or she wins both Lok. One should rise early in the morning. Finish his daily chores, do Sandhyaa, donate something everyday, and do something to earn living in the daytime. Out of the 6 Karm prescribed for Braahman, 3 Karm are for his living. A Braahman should worship these 5 Devtaa - Soorya, Durgaa, Vishnu, Ganesh and Shiv. Who donates a Sanyaasee he gets the fruit equal to cow donation. First give him water, then food and then again water. One should eat food after washing these five - both hands, both feet and mouth. While eating one should never abuse food. Never take food wearing one cloth and broken pot. Who eats alone in a Kaansaa pot, his life, intelligence, fame and might increase. All kinds of food should be served with spoon, not by hand. First a little bit food should be kept aside in the name of all Bhoot. One should eat first sweet then salty and sour and in the last bitter things. In the same way one should eat first liquids, then solids, and in the end again drink liquids. A Sanyaasee should eat 8 morsels, Vanvaasee 16 morsels and a Grihasth 32 morsels. Brahmchaaree has no limits. After eating food one must do Aachaman. After taking food one should sleep for a while.
Whether one is eating himself or not, one must do Balivaishwadev. If a guest comes, a Grihasth must felicitate him according to his capacity. While sleeping one must use a pillow. If one is sleeping in his own house then his head should be in East, in in-law's house the head should be in South, in other place the head should be in West, one should never sleep with head northward.. Before sleeping remember Bhagavaan and then sleep. Agastya, Maadhav, Muchukund, Kapil and Aasteek Muni - they all give good sleep. One should love his own wife. One should not touch one's wife on a festival day.
Now you listen to the characteristics of Pativrataa. A husband, whatever he is, is respectable for the wife. One should never misbehave with her husband. A woman, whether she is a child, young or old, should not do anything independently. One should entertain one's own husband only leaving any pride and anger. In spite of another man's looking with desire, or talking with lust, or touching in a group, whoever woman doesn't think about other man, the same is Satee. Who does not desire for other man than her husband, she is Satee. She should not do any such action which is not liked by her husband. Who eats after her husband has eaten, who sleeps after her husband has slept and wakes up before he is awake, who is happy or unhappy with her husband, such women are considered Pativrataa.
She should be devoted to her husband, mother-in-law and father-in-law. She spends with good control; keeps her body clean and adorned for her husband; if he is not there she doesn't do much to her body; when he comes home she welcomes him with smiling face; keeps her house clean and welcoming; and takes care of his guests, Guru, friends, servants, Sanyaasee etc. A skilled house wife should be good at all the household jobs. Who doesn't give money to her relatives, or entertain others without permission of her husband, she is called Pativrataa. She does not talk much to other men, does not laugh too much and loudly, and is not too much angry. Her husband doesn't eat whatever things, she also doesn't eat those things.
She does not talk bad, directly or indirectly about her co-wife. She does not sing praise of other men. She does not live separately from her husband. She looks at her husband only not towards others. If he talks something, she listens to it respectfully and attentively. If he calls her, she goes to him soon and obeys his orders. She manages with husband's earnings only, doesn't quarrel for more money. She is not lazy, she does not sleep much, she does all her duties faithfully sincerely respectfully responsibly and lovingly.
If she is pregnant she should live with the following rules - she should always be happy, she should always look good wearing good clothes and jewelry, she should not talk to bad women, she should not sit with those women who is barren or whose children dies after birth, she should not eat food from other's house, she should not see anything which affects bad on her mind or heart, she should not listen to horror stories, she should not eat heavy and very hot and very spicy food.
Mrigshring continued to do many Yagya with such wives. He used to enjoy all kinds of worldly pleasures but his heart and mind were pure.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/13/13