Puraan | 2-Padm Puraan | 2-Bhoomi Khand
2-Padm Puraan, 2-Bhoomi Khand, p 286-294
This Khand covers the pages 217-331 (115 pages) of the book. It covers the stories of Shiv Sharmaa, Prithu, Vane, Sukalaa, Yayaati and Kunjal bird.
Sukarmaa said - "Now I will tell you Yayaati's story in regard to this. There was a king named Nahush in Chandra Vansh. He did many Dharm Karm, Daan which could not be compared to anyone. He was so influential that he won even Indra Lok. He had a son named Yayaati. He was also like his father. He had four sons. Once Brahmaa's son Naarad Jee went to Indra Lok. Indra bowed to him and offered him an Aasan. Indra asked - "Where are you coming from and what is the purpose of your coming here?" Naarad Jee said - "I am coming from Bhoo Lok after meeting King Yayaati, and now I have come to see you." Indra asked - "At this time which king rules according to Dharm? Who is religious, learned, knowledgeable, qualitative, devotee of Braahman, and donor?" Naarad Jee said - "Nahush's son has all these qualities. He is more than his father. He has performed 100 Ashwamedh Yagya and 100 Vaajpeya Yagya, has donated many things including millions of cows and land. He has been ruling for 80,000 years and can be compared to you in this regard."
Sukarmaa continued - "Indra thought for some time hearing this from Naarad. He got scared from Yayaati. He thought, "in earlier times Nahush also became Indra because of doing 100 Ashwamedh Yagya, it was only because of Shachee's intelligence that he had to fall from Swarg, and Naarad Jee said that Yayaati is better than his father. I have no doubt that he could also rule Swarg, therefore I should invite him here somehow." Thinking thus, Indra sent his messenger along with Maatali to bring him to Swarg. Maatali arrived in the court of Yayaati and told the message of Indra - "Indra has sent me to you requesting that you hand over your kingdom to your son and come to Swarg with me."
Yayaati asked - "What have I done to Indra so that you are requesting me like this?" Maatali said - "You have been doing Yagya etc for about 100,000 years. Because of these Karm, you come to Swarg and live there as Indra's friend. Leave this Panch-bhautik body here on Earth itself and enjoy pleasures assuming Divine body." Yayaati said - "How can a man leave that body by which he earns Punya?" Maatali said - "You are right, Raajan, but everybody has to leave this body [because there is no relationship between soul and this body]. This body is made up of Panch Bhoot, when this body becomes weak, human being wants to leave it afflicted by old age."
Yayaati said - "Saadhu, How this old age comes and why it gives pain to human being? Explain me it in detail." Maatali said - "Raajan, This body is made up of Panch Bhoot (five elements), and is surrounded by five subjects [of Indriyaan]. Because of loss of blood and strength, this body becomes weak and air affects it greatly. This brings change in his look. He becomes sad. But still his desires are on increase and he always thinks about the woman he knows. This Kaam destroys his strength greatly, in fact it is terrible fever which comes in the form of the death of people, and this brings weakness and old age."
Yayaati asked - "Hey Maatali, This body only, along with soul, is the protector of Dharm, still it doesn't go to Swarg, what is the reason of this? Tell me this." Maatali said - "Mahaaraaj, When all the five Bhoot are not related to one another, then how can they be related to soul. Thus they are not related to soul at all. These Bhoot are not completely related to each other even in this body, because when the human being becomes old, they all go to their own places. Maximum part of this body is Prithvi. That is why this is mostly like Prithvi. As the Prithvi exists here, this also exists here only, that is why it doesn't go to Swarg."
Yayaati said - "Listen to me, O Maatali, when this body is destroyed by committing sins, as well as by doing Punya; then I don't see any importance of doing Punya on this Prithvi. As the first body is deteriorated, another body also takes birth. But tell me how that body is created, tell me this." Maatali said - "Raajan, as a human being commits a sin, five Bhoot create a body immediately. In the same way as a human being does some Dharm, a Divine body is created immediately to give him Devatwa, and that [Divine] body is created by the essence (Saar Tattwa) of the five Bhoot. Whatever body is created because of Karm, it is of four types according to its form (Udbhij, Swedaj, Andaj, and Jaraayuj). Sthaavar (immovable) are called Udbhij, such as straws, trees, bush, creepers etc. Swedaj includes worms, insects, small flies etc. Andaj includes all kinds of birds, crocodile, fishes etc. Jaraayuj includes human beings and 4-legged animals, such as cow, buffalo, goat etc.
As the earth is watered, the heat of sowed seed is lost, and with the help of air the seed starts settling in the earth. When the previously heated seeds are watered again, they get softer because of heat, later they convert into root and that root produces sprouts. Sprouts produce leaves, leaves produce trunk, trunk produces Kaand, Kaand produces Prabhav, Prabhav produces milk and milk produces Tandul. When Tandul is ripened then only one should consider the grains ready to yield. Among all the cereals, from Shaali rice to barley, 10 types of cereals are considered best. Those are fruit main, rest are considered lower type.
Anna is said to be of six types - (1) Bhakshya, (2) Bhojya, (3) Peya, (4) Lehya, (5) Choshya, and (6) Khaadya; in the same way there are six tastes of food - (1) Madhur or sweet (with sugar), (2) sour (like lemon), (3) savory (with salt), (4) bitter (like bitter gourd), (5) Kasailaa (like Aamalaa), and (6) pungent (hot - with pepper). Who have bodies, they eat it in the form of a Pind or morsel (a small amount gathered together in one piece like a small ball). This Ann stabilizes all types of Vaayu in the body. Vaayu divides the uncooked food in two parts, then enters the food to digest it and to enforce it with different qualities. Praan ignites Jatharaagni (fire living in stomach) slowly by establishing Water over Fire, and Ann over Water and he himself sets under the fire. Air blazes the Fire, and thus Fire makes water hotter and hotter. Because of that heat, the Ann gets digested very well. The digested Ann (food) is divided in two parts - soft solids and juices. Soft solids are expelled by 12 holes of the body in the form of dirt - two ears, two eyes, two nostrils, tongue, teeth, lips, penis, anus, and pores. All nerves are tied to the heart lotus. Praan pours juice in them continuously; and those juice filled nerves nourish the body.
Juice flowing in nerves starts cooked with the heat of the body. When the juice is divided into two Paak, it forms skin, flesh, bones, Majjaa, Med, and blood etc. Fur and flesh are formed from blood; hair and Snaayu are formed from flesh; Majaa and bones from Snaayu; and Vasaa is formed from Bones and Majjaa. Thus Ann converts itself into 12 things.
When both man's semen and woman's blood meet, they convert in the form of Kalal in one day only. Then in five nights it is converted into a Budbud (bubble). In one month, neck, head, shoulders, spine, and stomach - these five parts of the body appear in that bubble. In two months time, hands, feet, ribs, waist and full body are completed respectively. As three months are passed, hundreds of joints appear. In four months fingers etc parts are also formed. In five months mouth, nose and ears are formed. Within six months gums of teeth, tongue, and the holes of ears are formed. In seven months, anus, penis, testicles, Upasth and joints of the body appear. And as eight months are passed, every part of the body, full head with hair and different shapes of the parts become clear.
Whatever six types of food juices mother eat, the same nourish the baby in the womb. The Naal (umbilical cord) attached to the navel of the baby draws the food. When the whole body is formed, then comes the memory and he starts feeling comfort and discomfort. He remembers the Karm done in his previous life and the time for sleep etc. He thinks, "I have taken thousands of births in many species, and I am again taking birth, now I will do good Karm so that I should not take birth again. After I am out from here, I will try to obtain the knowledge which can free me from this bondage."
Jeev, lying in the womb, thinks in this way and passes his time with great pain, as a person feels drowned in the water. As somebody is heated by fire kept in an iron pot, in the same way the baby is heated in the womb by Jatharaagni. Whatever pain one feels by piercing heated needles in the body continuously, the baby feels eight times more pain than that in the womb. There is no other pain like being in womb. This was the pain described for human beings, but everybody, Sthaavar or Jangam (immovable or movable), suffers this pain according their own wombs. Jeev feels million times more pain at the time of his birth. He gets fainted, his body is round like a ball and is dirty with dirty things at that time.
There are 360 bones, 500 muscles, 32 teeth, and 20 nails, and 35 million fur holes in this body. There are almost 35 million nerves also in this body. There are 1 Kudav Pitta, 1/2 Aadhak Kaph, 3 Pal Vasaa, 15 Pal Kalal, 1 Arbud (100 million) Pal air, 10 Pal Med, 3 Pal Mahaa Rakt, 12 Pal Majjaa, 1/2 Kudav semen, 1/4 Kudav strength, 1,000 Pal flesh, and 100 Pal blood. (see the modern equivalent weight under the heading "Padm Puraan, 2/11") Urine has no fixed quantity in the body.
Maatali continued - "Hey Raajan, Soul is the purest thing, and his this house which is in body form, and is prepared according to his Karm, is completely impure, one must remember this. This body is born only when male's semen and female's blood meet and this is always full of urine and stool, that is why it is regarded as unholy. In spite of cleaned with Panch Bhoot, this body is still unholy because of the material inside it. Even holy things (like Havishya or Panchgavya etc) when go inside, become unholy. What can be dirtier thing than this body from which all kinds of dirty things always come out? How can such a dirty thing be made holy? Even if you wash your hands after touching the body, but body is still unholy; thus this body cannot be made holy even after taking bath. Human being sees all these things with his own eyes, even then Vairaagya (detachment) to this body doesn't arise in his heart. Who doesn't hate the smell of his own body, what can be said to him to develop Vairaagya in his heart. The whole world is clean, only this body is unclean. That is why there is a rule to clean an unclean thing, that is by washing the body properly. Human being becomes clean after washing the body properly, and then cleaning his mind.
Whose mind is unclean, he can neither attain Moksh, nor Swarg even after entering the fire. He has to be bound to this body. Mind cleaning is the greatest cleaning and the same reflects in the greatness of every action. A man embraces his wife as well as his daughter, but the feelings are different. Therefore one should clean his mind. Whose mind is clean, whose heart is clear, the same can attain Moksh and Swarg. And this happens when Vairaagya arises in the heart. Knowing the shortcomings of this body, who develops Vairaagya towards it, the same never comes back in this world.
This described the sorrows of birth.
A Jeev gets whatever wisdom while he is in the womb, it is destroyed after taking birth by ignorance or by various types of Karm. As he comes out of his mother's body, he is affected by Moh and his memory is also lost. This results in more attachment to his present life and then he can neither know his soul nor Paramaatmaa. Because his Indriyaan are not developed properly in childhood, he suffers even the greater pain and sorrow, but in spite of wanting to communicate about them, he can neither say about them, nor can point out towards them. He suffers from childhood diseases and has to suffer other pains at time to time.
In youth also, when Indriyaan are developed, they wander for many kinds of pleasures. He falls sick. Because of jealousy and love he has to suffer many times. Half of the life goes in worrying about earning money for the family. After the youth, when human being becomes old, he becomes handicapped and even his own people keep him under their control. He cannot do anything for Dharm, Arth, Kaam and Moksh. Therefore one should do all Dharm in young age.
When Praarabdh Karm (Sanchit Karm) are exhausted, Jeev leaves this body and the same is known as "death". In fact Jeev is not destroyed. When Jeev leaves the body, its pain is indescribable - not comparable to any other pain. Yam Doot take him tying in their Paash. He dies and takes another body. All Jeev excrete in the morning, suffer with hunger and thirst in day time, desire for opposite sex and sleep in the night [this cycle goes on].
First, earning money is difficult, then to protect it is difficult, then how to spend it is difficult, thus it does not give happiness. Even Time, family, kingdom also don't give happiness. Where is the comfort in Swarg also? Devtaa are also jealous. Human being enjoys pleasures in Swarg losing his principal (principal wealth - Punya) only. When his principal is exhausted, he falls from there. After coming on Prithvi, they have to suffer for their sins. Whoever Jeev are in Sthaavar (immovable) species, they also suffer with many kinds of pains. Whoever Jeev are in animal species, they are killed by hunters, or meat-eaters, or by more powerful animals. They are also beaten by whips and are taken to other places.
In fact from Devtaa to the lowest species, all have to suffer. That is why a learned man should abandon everything. Everybody is trying to comfort his one sorrow by another sorrow. By detaching himself from everything, a human being becomes free from this world.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/09/13