Bhaagvat Puraan | Skandh-7
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Skandh 7: Page 7 of 7
Naarad Jee further said - "Hey Yudhishthir, Some Braahman believe in Karm, some in Tapasyaa, some in studying Ved and discourses and some in Yog. A Grihasth man should feed only a Gyaanee Braahman to get the immortal fruit of his Karm - at the time of Dev Poojaa, or Shraadh. If he cannot get such a Braahman then one should prefer them in this order - Yogee, and who discourses. In Devtaa Kaarya two, and in Pitar Kaarya three, and in both Kaarya one Braahman each should be fed or offered food. Even if you are very wealthy you should not do Shraaddh etc on a large scale. All work should be done with Shraddhaa and respect. Food should be clean and pure. Meat should not be used on such occasions, because Pitar do not get pleased with Hinsaa (violence or killing), they are happy with the food which is good for Rishi and Muni
A-Dharm is of five types - Vi-Dharm, Par-Dharm, Aabhaas, Upmaa, and Chhal. A Dhaarmik (religious) Purush should not do all of the above. Whatever action is done with Dharm and wisdom, but still hinders his own Dharm is called Vi-Dharm. When somebody else tell the Dharm for somebody else is called Par-Dharm. Paakhand is called Updharm or Upmaa. Misinterpretation of Shaastra is called Chhal (deception). When a human being accepts an action of another Aashram with his own will that is called "Aabhaag". Thus everybody should do his actions according to his own Aashram and nature.
In spite of being poor, one should not attempt to earn money to do any Dharm Kaarya, because as Python lives without doing anything, people can also live without doing anything. Whatever happiness is there in inactiveness, that cannot be got in running after wealth and fulfilling one's desires. As a man has no fear of stones etc by wearing shoes, in the same way who has contentment, he is always happy. Hunger and thirst are satisfied, anger is also gone after some time, but the greed never goes away, it has no end. Even the learned people fall for their discontentment. Hey Dharm Raaj, Win Kaam by leaving intentions, win anger by leaving desires, win greed by leaving wealth and win fear by thinking on Tattwa. Win physical pains by kindness, win Daivik pains by Samaadhi, win spiritual pains by Yog, and win sleep through Saatwik food.
Whatever instructions are given in Shaastra for discipline, they all lead to win these six ill-wills - Kaam, Krodh, Lobh, Moh, Mad and Matsar; or to control these six - five Indriyaan and Man (mind). If one does not get inclined to meditate on Bhagavaan after this discipline then one should consider all this like a labor only, because they have not borne the fruits.
When a person is ready to control his Man (mind), he should leave the love of worldly things and then proceed for Sanyaas, should live alone and eat as little food as possible got in alms, should sit on a flat ground and do Jap of Aum, stop the Apaan Vaayu by stabilizing his eyes on the front part of his nose until he leaves intentions and alternatives, wandering Man should be controlled, then practice Yog if possible. When a Saadhak practices like this his mind becomes calm as the fire extinguishes itself after some time.
The Sanyaasee who first leaves Grihasth Aashram - cause of Dharm, Arth, and Kaam - then again accepts it he eats his own spit food. A Grihasth who leaves his Karm, a Braahman who leaves his vow, a Vaanprasthee who lives in a village, and a Sanyaasee who still wants to satisfy his Indriyaan - all four are black spots on their Aashram and are not real followers of their Aashram rules. These fools should be ignored. Who has attained Brahm Gyaan, he cannot feed his body and mind with worldly pleasures.
Upanishad say - "This body is like a chariot, Indriyaan are horses, Man (mind) is rein, all pleasures are paths, Man (mind) is the driver, 10 Praan are Dhuree (axle), Dharm and A-Dharm are two wheels of the chariot, and Jeev is the rider. Aumkaar is the bow of the rider, Jeev is arrow, and Paramaatmaa is the aim. So control this chariot, take the Gyaan sword from Guru and destroy all your enemies (love, jealousy, greed, sorrow, Moh, fear, pride, insult, to find faults in others, cheating, Hinsaa, hunger, sleep etc), and leave this body to join Paramaatmaa." Until this chariot is in control, one can kill his enemies, once it is out of control, you never know where you will be.
Vaidik actions are of two types - one which take you towards pleasures, two which repel you from pleasures. The first type of actions put you in the cycle of life and death, and the second type of actions will take you towards Paramaatmaa.
1. Agnihotra, Darsh,
Poornmaas, Chaaturmaasya, Pashuyaag, Somyaas, Vaishwa Dev are called Hinsaa Karm.
All of the actions of first kind, because they are done with some desire, are the cause of A-Shaanti (sorrows). This man (who does this type of Karm) first goes to Devtaa, then goes to Devtaa of Raatri (night), Krishn Paksh, Dakshinaayan and then arrives in Chandra Lok. After having enjoyed his pleasures there, he, like waning Amaavasyaa Chandramaa, takes birth in the world as medicines, creepers, grains etc traveling through rain and Pitra Yaan Maarg.
The second type of person burns all his actions in the Yagya of his Indriyaan. This Gyaanee (learned) arrives in Brahm Lok through Devtaa or Agni, Soorya, day, evening, Poornmaasee and Uttaraayan. Then after enjoying his pleasures there he passes through different stages and remains pure soul and does not come back to this world like the first one. This is Dev Yaan Maarg. Both these paths are according to Shaastra, who knows them properly, he doesn't get confused in spite of living in this body.
Who see the three types of A-Dwait, do not think the difference among conscious, subconscious and unconscious; and the difference among seer, sight, and scenery. There are three types of A-Dwait - Bhaav A-Dwait, Kriyaa A-Dwait, and Dravya A-Dwait. As the cloth is a form of thread, in the same way action is also formed of these three A-Dwait. Thinking unity in all is called Bhaav A-Dwait. All Karm, done by mind, speech and body, are done in Paramaatmaa only, thinking thus is called Kriyaa A-Dwait. All people's aims and pleasures are the same, so not discriminating between own and others, is called Dravya A-Dwait.
Hey Yudhishthir - One should do his all Karm with that Dravya (money, wealth or material) only - whatever he can get, at whatever time, in whatever way, and from whatever means (which is according to Shaastra only), except in emergency. One can attain Shree Krishn while following these Karm and other Karm which are of his own Varn and Aashram, living in house itself."
Naarad Jee further said - "Hey Yudhishthir, In my previous life, in the previous Mahaa Kalp, I was a Gandharv. My name was Upbarhan. I was very handsome and women used to get attracted to me very soon. Once Devtaa did a Gyaan Yagya. Prajaapati also came in that Yagya and they called Gandharv and Apsaraa to sing Bhagavaan's praise. I knew that there will be all saints and there will be only Bhagavaan's songs, still I went there with women singing worldly songs. Devtaa gave me Shaap at this - "You have ignored us that is why your beauty and wealth will be destroyed and you will be a Shoodra." Because of their Shaap I became the son of a Daasee (maid servant), but I did Satsang of Mahaatmaa in that life, so I became the son of Brahmaa Jee in my next life. This is my own experience of serving of Mahaatmaa. You are very lucky that Bhagavaan lives in your house, that is why Rishi Muni come to your house repeatedly. Even the great saints look for Him, the same Paramaatmaa is your dear, brother, respectable, faithful, Guru Shree Krishn. Even Brahmaa, Shankar etc Devtaa cannot describe Him saying "This is He" then how can we do it? We can only worship Him by keeping quiet, Bhakti, and discipline and pray that "Please accept our worship."
Shuk Dev Jee said - "Hey Pareekshit, Yudhishthir got very satisfied with all this. He worshipped both Naarad Jee and Shree Krishn. And Naarad Jee also went to his Lok. Yudhishthir got very surprised to know that Shree Krishn was Param Brahm. I have already told you about Daksh's daughters separately, all are born in their lineage."
END OF SKANDH 7
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/9/02
Updated on 11/17/11