Bhaagvat Puraan | Skandh-11
Skandh 11: Page 2 of 24
Shuk Dev Jee said - "Hey Pareekshit, Naarad Jee always had a desire to be with Shree Krishn for as long as possible, that is why in spite of bidding farewell to him, he always came back to Dwaarakaa which was secured by Krishn's powers and where there was no fear of Daksh's Shaap. One day Naarad Jee came to see Vasudev Jee. Vasudev Jee greeted him and said - "Parents' coming is very good for sons. But you yourself are like Bhagavaan, therefore your coming is very auspicious for everybody. Although we are blessed only by your Darshan, but still we would like to ask some questions about Dharm. to become free from this fearful world. In my previous life, I worshipped Bhagavaan not for Mukti, but to get Him as my son. Now you give me such knowledge, so that I can get Mukti this time."
Naarad Jee said - "Raajan, Your intentions are very good because they are related to Bhaagvat Dharm. Saints tell a story about this, and that story is about the nine sons of Rishabh and Mahaatmaa Videh (Raajaa Janak). You know that Swaayambhuv Manu had a son named Priyavrat. Priyavrat had the son named Aagneedhra and Aagneedhra had a son named Naabhi, and Naabhi's son was Rishabh. He has been indicated as the Ansh of Bhagavaan Vaasudev in Shaastra. He took that Avataar to deliver the knowledge of Moksh Dharm.
He had 100 sons and all of them had a good knowledge of Ved. Among them, the eldest was Raajarshi Bharat. This piece of land which was known as Ajnaabh Varsh before, started being called as Bhaarat Varsh - that is from his name only. Bharat enjoyed the kingdom of the whole Prithvi, but in the end he left it for forest. There he did intense Tap and after three lives he got the Parampad of Bhagavaan. [read his whole description in Skandh 5, pages 1, 2, 3)
Among the 99 sons of Rishabh, his 9 sons ruled the nine Dweep which were located around Bhaarat Varsh, and 81 sons became the Braahman who authored Karm Kaand. Remaining 9 sons became Sanyaasee. They were very fortunate. They did a lot of work in the area of spiritual knowledge. They used to live Digambar (without any clothes) and used to deliver that spiritual knowledge to whoever were worthy of it. Their names were Kavi, Hari, Antariksh, Prabuddh, Pippalaayan, Aavirhotra, Drumil, Chamas and Karbhaajan. They used to roam around freely.
Once Vidarbh Raaj Mahaatmaa Nimi was doing a Yagya with great Rishi. All these Yogee came there to visit him, so all stood up in their respect, offered them Aasan to sit upon and Mahaaraaj Nimi worshipped them. Then he asked them politely - "I consider you as the Paarshad of Madhusoodan (another name of Shree Krishn), therefore we wish to ask you that what is the form of ultimate welfare and how it is implemented. In this world Satsang is good for people even for the half moment."
The first Yogee Kavi Jee said -
When anyone goes away from Bhagavaan, he forgets his own form. He starts thinking, "I am a human being" or, "I am Devtaa" etc and then only old age, death and disease etc are feared. In reality there is nothing else except Bhagavaan. There are many stories famous about Bhagavaan's birth and Leelaa, so one should always keep hearing them. Besides, one should always chant His name. One should not have intense love (attachment or Aasakti) in any of the things of this world - person, thing or place. Whosoever thinks like that, his love develops towards Bhagavaan in his heart. And he reaches at the upper level than the ordinary people's level. And he, not because of pride but naturally, sometimes laughs and sometimes cries, sometimes call Bhagavaan in high pitch or sometimes feels Bhagavaan in front of him and he starts dancing. As by taking food, three needs are fulfilled together - satisfaction (Tushti), strength in the body (Pushti), and hunger (Kshudhaa Nivritti), in the same way if somebody remembers Bhagavaan, he develops love towards Bhagavaan, experiences Bhagavaan's Swaroop and develops detachment (Vairaagya) from other things than Bhagavaan, all together."
Raajaa Nimi asked - "What are the characteristics of a Bhakt (devotee), what is his Dharm and nature? How does he behave with human beings? What does he speak? And because of what he is dear to Bhagvaan."
Then the second Yogee Hari Jee spoke -
Birth and death, hunger and thirst, labor, pain, fear, desire are world's Dharm (nature) which are related to body, Praan (soul), Indriyaan, Man (mind) and Buddhi (logic). Whosoever is busy in Bhagavaan's meditation and remembers Him, does not feel the worldly pleasures in spite of their happening many times, he is the best type of Bhaagvat. Who does not have the desire to enjoy pleasures, to do Karm, and who always thinks about Vaasudev, he is the best type of Bhaagvat."
Shuk Dev Jee said - "Raajan! After this Raajaa Nimi asked - "Bhagvaan's Maayaa can confuse even the greatest Maayaavee (who knows Maayaa) [and you say that a devotee sees it], so please tell me the Swaroop of that Maayaa."
Then the third Yogee Antariksh Jee spoke -
When the time of Pralaya of Panch Bhoot comes (see Naimittik Pralaya), then the Kaal pulls all this manifested world towards the abstract, towards its root cause - this is Bhagvaan's Maayaa. At that time Prithvi has no rains for 100 years. It is all dry and because of the power of Pralay Kaal, heat of the Sun is increased and He makes three Lok very hot - this is Bhagvaan's Maayaa. Then Shesh Naag - Sankarshan Bhagvaan - emits fire from Paataal Lok and because of wind it reaches very high and spreads all around - this is His Maayaa.
After this Pralaya Kaal heat, clouds rain for 100 years in streams as thick as elephant's trunk. And then this Universe is sunk in water - this is Bhagavaan's Maayaa. At that time Brahmaa changes Himself into His minute form leaving His Universe like body. Winds absorb the smell of Prithvi and becomes water. And when the same wind absorbs water's essence then it becomes Agni (fire) - this is His Maayaa.
When darkness absorbs Agni Roop, then that Agni is absorbed in wind and then Aakaash (Sky) absorbs Wind's touching power, then it is absorbed in Antariksh. Then Eeshwar in His Kaal form absorbs Aakaash's sound characteristic. This makes it absorbed in Taamas Ahankaar (Parmeshwar). Indriyaan and Buddhi (logic) are absorbed in Raajas Ahankaar. Man is absorbed in Saatwik Ahankaar along with Devtaa born from Saatwik Ahankaar. And then Ahankaar is absorbed by Mahat-Tattva along with its three divisions. Then Mahat-Tattva is absorbed by Prakriti and Prakriti is absorbed by Brahm. Then the Creation starts again but in reverse order - all this is Bhagvaan's Maayaa. This Three-Gun Maayaa is the cause of Creation, existence and destruction."
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/9/02
Updated on 04/12/13