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Kath Upanishad

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Kath Upanishad

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{Yam Raaj said] - "The good action is one thing, the pleasant is another. Both of them prompt people to act but they differ in their results. Blessed are they who choose the good. They who choose the pleasant over good miss the goal of life. Both the commendable and the pleasant actions lie in front of a person to choose from. The wise, after sifting the two, prefer the good actions over the pleasant. The fools prefer the pleasant over the good.

"O Nachiketaa, Such as you are, you have meditated upon and rejected the course of lusty objectives which yield [only momentary] pleasures. You have refused the greed for wealth under the weight of which many men have perished.

Living in the midst of ignorant people, fools consider themselves wise and learned. Listening to other ignorant people they keep on going in circles as though the blind were leading the blind.

The Angel of Death said - "The immature minds that this life is it, that there is no link beyond. Attached to their wealth and possessions they .lose their sanity. As a result of this they fall under my sway again and again.
[Commentary - This does not mean that one should not enjoy or deny the pleasures, but at the same time one should not become the slave of those pleasures.]

It needs to be realized that the souls is neither born, nor does it die. When the body dies, the soul does not die. It is ancient, unborn, eternal and permanent.
Na Jaayate Mriyate Vaa Vipashchin |  Naayam Kutashchin na Babhoov Kashchit
Ajo Nitya: Shaashwato ayam Puraano | Na Hanyate Hanyamaane Shareere --  Geetaa 2-20

Na Jaayate Mriyate vaa Kadaachin |  Naayam Bhootwaa Bahavitaa Vaan Bhooya:
Ajo Nitya: Shaashwatoyam Puraano | Na Hanyate Hanyamaane Shareere  -- Geetaa 2-42

A person who has not turned away from sin, whose senses are not in is control, whose mind is not focused on God, who is not at peace with himself, such a person cannot reach his soul

Know that the soul is the rider, and the body is the chariot, the intellect the charioteer, and the mind is the reins. The senses, they say, are horses, the desires are the pathways. When the souls is attached to the body with mind and the senses, the soul is said to be the enjoyer.

A person who lacks the discrimination and has an unstable mind, is unstable to keep his senses under his control, he is like a charioteer with his chariot yoked to vicious horses. He who has discrimination, coupled with the controlled mind, has his senses more under the direction. he is like a charioteer with his chariot yoked to well behaved horses.

The power of the senses is admittedly great, yet greater than senses is the heart. Greater than the heart is the reasoning power of the intellect (mind or brain or logic). Finally your soul, the God within your heart, is the greatest of all.
[Commentary - Borrowing the verse from Geetaa, 3-42-38, this verse has been altered slightly. The alteration has resulted in good verse becoming muddied. It should be translated as - "The sense objects are higher than the senses, but the mind is higher than the sense objects." This meaning is confusing because mind is also considered an organ of sense.]

The great Lord made the man's sense faculties turn outward, therefore people are not looking inward, into their soul. Once in a rare, while there is a discriminating man who desires immortality, who closes his eyes to the outside world and peeps into indwelling soul.

Swapnaantam Jaagaritaantam Chobhau Yenaanuyashyanti | Mahaantam Vibhum Aatmaanam Matwaa Dheero na Shochati
Wise people know that both in the waking state and in the dream state, whatever they experience is through the will of the all-pervading Brahm. Knowing this they do not grieve for any reason whatsoever. [Read Geetaa, 2-11-46]



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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 09/17/11