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Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya

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Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
Birth:    1861;  Death:   12 November 1946

Born in an educated orthodox Hindu family at Allahabad (Prayag) in 1861, Pt Madan Mohan Malaviya came to be recognized as an outstanding and noble son of India. His multifaceted personality made him, at the same time, a great patriot, educationist with a vision, social reformer, a keen journalist, reluctant but effective lawyer and a successful parliamentarian and an outstanding statesman devoting all his attention to the task of nation building.

Among Malaviya Ji's many achievements, the most monumental was the founding of the Banaras Hindu University (Kashi Hindu Vishva-vidyalaya), and this became known to be a 'Capital of Knowledge' across India and the World.

Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya created history in Indian education with this institution, the first of its kind in the country establishing university under chairmanship of Kashi Naresh. He chose Banaras as the most preferred site as it had centuries old tradition of learning, wisdom and spirituality inherent to the place. His vision was to blend the best of Indian education called from the ancient centers of learning -Takshashila, Nalanda and other hallowed institutions of the past when India was at the peak of its glory, with the best tradition of modern universities of the west.

Great minds and personalities like Annie Besant, Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Shyama Charan De and many others joined hand with him in his quest for knowledge by arousing the nationalistic spirit in India and winning freedom with the power of education and righteousness. Malaviya passed away in 1946 but his spirit still lives on and there are many who continued to bear the torch that he lit, and many more stand ready to shoulder the mantle of his responsibility.

Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was the founder of Banaras (Hindu) University which stands as an enduring memorial to his foresight, educational ideals, and passion for Indian culture. Malaviya Ji attended the Congress session from 1886 to 1936 and presided over the sessions of 1909 and 1918. In his presidential address at the Lahore session he declared that "it is righteousness alone that wins."

Born at Allahabad in an orthodox Brahmin family, young Malaviya had his early education in Sanskrit. He graduated from the Calcutta University in 1884 and started his career as a teacher. He edited a Hindu weekly called "Hindustan" and an English weekly called "Indian Union."

Malaviya Ji was the Vice Chairman of the Allahabad Municipality and member of the provincial Legislative Council and of the Imperial Legislative Council. He was a gifted speaker. He was a member of the Indian Industrial Commission in 1916. He attended the Round Table Conference in London in 1931.

The "Spotless Pandit," as Malaviya Ji was described by a member of the Viceroy's Executive Council, was the epitome of selfless service in the cause of the nation. Though orthodox in his personal habits, Malaviya Ji was for removing the disabilities of women and the depressed classes of people.

His Education and Career
1884 - B.A. from Calcutta University
July 1884 - Teacher in Allahabad District School
December 1886 - IInd Congress in Calcutta under the Chairmanship of Dadabhai
    Nouroji. Speech on the issue of representation in Councils
July 1887 - Editorship of the Hindosthan in Kalakankar. Founding conference of Bharat
     Dharma Mandal
July 1889 - Leaving editorship joins LLB in Allahabad
1891 - Passing LLB starts practice in Allahabad District Court
December 1893 - Practice at Allahabad High Court
March 1898 - Submits memorandum about Hindi to UP Lt Governor
1902-1903 - Construction of Hindu Boarding House in Allahabad
1903-1912 - Service to province as member of Provincial Council
1904 - Proposal of establishing university under te chairmanship of Kashi Naresh
January 1906 - Convened Sanatan Dharma Mahasabha on Kumbh in Allahabad;
    Propagation of liberal Sanatan Dharma; Decision to open university in Banaras
1907 - Editorship of the Abhyudaya; Propagation of Sanatan Dharma and democratic principles
1909 - Editorship of the English Daily Leader; Chaired the Lahore Congress
October 1910 - Presidential address in the Ist Conference of Hindi Sahitya Sammelan
22 November 1911 - Formation of the Hindu University Society
December 1911 - At 50 gave up practice; Decision to serve country and work for
     establishing the university
February 1915 - Formation of Prayaga Seva Samiti under his chairmanship
October 1915 - The Banarans Hindu University Bill passed
04 Feb- 1916 - Foundation ceremony of the university

March 1916 - Bill against Indentured Labour system in Councils
1916-18 - Member, Industrial Commission

1918 - Formation of Scout Association by Seva Samiti
December 1918 - Chaired Annual Congress Conference in Delhi
February 1919 - Debate on the Rowlett Bill in Council. Resignation from Council
November 1919-September 1939 - Vice Chancellor, BHU

19 April 1919 - Chaired Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in Bombay
January 1922 - Convened all party conference
16 December 1922 - Speech on Hindu Muslim goodwill in Lahore
1924 - Formation of Independent Party in District and Assembly; Satyagraha on
     Sangam (Confluence of rivers) in Allahabad; Debate on the Steel Conservation Bill
August 1926 - Formation of Congress Independent Party with Lala Lajpat Rai
February 1927 - Statement before Agriculture Commission
December 1929 - Convocation address in BHU; Asked students to serve nation and be patriot
1930 - Resigns from Assembly. Arrested in Delhi; Six months sentence
5 April 1931 - Speech on Hindu Muslim Unity in Kanpur
1931 - Took part with Gandhi in the London Round Table Conference
March 1932 - Formation of All India Swadeshi Union in Banaras
20 April 1932 - Nominated President of Delhi Congress. Arrested
September 1932 - Chaired meeting on emancipation of outcasts in Bombay
April 1932 - As Calcutta Congress President arrested in Asansole
August 1934 - Speech on emancipation of the outcasts in Gandhi's meeting in Banaras
January 1936 - Convened Sanatan Dharma Mahasabha Conference in Allahabad; Proposal
     for emancipation of outcasts
1938 - Kalpa (Ayurvedic rejuvenation therapy)
November 1939 - Appointed life Rector of BHU
1941 - Founded Goraksha Mandal
January 1942 - Gandhi's convocation address on Silver Jubilee of BHU
12 November 1946 - He passed Away



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Created by Sushma Gupta on March 15, 2009
Modified on 05/05/13