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Freedom Fighters

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Names of Some Freedom Fighters

Chakravartee Raajgopaalaachaaree
Chandra Shekhar Aazaad
Chittranjan Daas
Jawaahar Laal Nehru (Pandit)
Khaan Abdul Gaffaar Khaan (popularly known Second Gaandhee, or Sarahadee Gaandhee)
Vallabh Bhai Patel - Lauh Purush (Iron Man)

Lokmaanya Baal Gangaadhar Tilak (1856-1920)
Historian, patriot, social reformer, poet, philosopher & reporter. A Mahaarastrian Braahman from Poonaa, who believed that self government could not be achieved by co-operating with the British. His slogan, "Swaraaj (Home Rule) is My Birthright", was echoed for miles on every side, and when he wrote articles in the Kesari, applauding the action of terrorist and the death of 2 British women in a bomb blast in Bengal, he was promptly brought to trial and sentenced to 6 years imprisonment, resulting in a 6 day long riot in Bombay. He was the first Indian freedom fighter to be given the kind of hero-worship, later acquired by Mahaatmaa Gandhee, Jawaaharlaal Nehroo , Netaajee Subhaash Chandra Bose and Sardaar Patel, by millions of people. After his release, he rose to become an all-India leader, working with the likes of Anne Besant for home rule, and was always respected as an intellectual.

One of Tilak's strongest movements to evoke nationalism through religious passions was the organization of festivals like Ganesh Chaturthee in Mahaaraasthra, which not only inspired feelings of unity in Hindu in Mahaaraashtra, but gave freedom fighters an opportunity to meet when the British government illegalized any gatherings, writings and slogans that could incite violence.

Bhagat Singh, Sardaar (commonly known as Sardar Bhagat Singh)
He was killed in 1941. On 23rd March 2010 was the 69th anniversary of his martyrdom.

Bipin Chandra Pal (patriots-statesmen)
Chandrasekhar Azad (often called Pandit Jee) - (July 23, 1906-Feb 27, 1931)
Chittaranjan Das
Dhondo Keshav Karve (Dr) - Women's Education, social reformers
Mohandaas Karamchand Gandhi
Motilal Nehru (Pandit)
Rama Bai Ranade - Women's Education, social reformers
Subhash Chandra Bose
The history of India freedom shines through the immortal courage wisdom and truth of the heroic personalities like Mangal Pandey, Vivekanand, Keshab Chandra Sen, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev, Mahatma Gandhi, and there were many great heroes born at the time of the freedom movement. Each of them followed their own method of attaining one goal - Independence for India. One such hero was Subhash Chandra Bose, affectionately known as "Netajee" born on 23rd January 1897.

A great Patriot and saint, that is the real identity of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose who sacrificed his professional and personal life for the nation. Some people write history with a pen, some by their might, and some simply by virtue of being associated with someone. But if ever there was a man, who wrote history by his blood, courage and sheer determination, it was only Subhash Chandra Bose.

He was a brilliant student, influenced by Swami Vivekanand teachings. He joined the Indian civil services (ICS) in England but deeply disturbed by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre he returned to India. His motivational leadership inspired thousands of Indians to die for the motherland, and his Indian National Army shook the foundations of the mighty British. He was one of the few politicians who worked towards Hindu-Muslim unity . He coined the nationalist phrase "Jai Hind" which later achieved popularity as a patriotic salutation in independent India.

He has the distinction of both working with Mahatma Gandhi as well as embracing revolutionary nationalism through armed struggle. The only man in India who had guts to oppose Gandhi. But he respected Gandhi and he only labeled Mahatma Gandhi as the 'father of the nation'. Bose advocated complete freedom for India, whereas the congress committee wanted it in phases, through a Dominion status.

He was elected president of the Indian National Congress (INC) twice in 1937 and in 1939, the second time defeating Gandhijee nominee. He brought a resolution to give the British six months to hand over India to the Indians, falling which there would be a revolt. There was much opposition to his rigid stand, and he resigned from the post of president and formed a progressive group known as the Forward Block.

During World war II, India was declared as a warring state. Bose started a mass movement against this and the British promptly imprisoned him. It was in 1941, that Bose suddenly disappeared. In November 1941, his broadcast from German radio sent shock waves amongst the British and electrified the Indian Masses. The Axis powers assured Bose Military and other help to fight the British. He Formed the Indian National Army (INA) and a government by the name Azad Hind Government, declared on the October 21, 1943. INA freed the Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British and were renamed as Swaraj and Shaheed islands.

Delhi Chalo (Let's March to Delhi) was the cry of the INA. India is calling, Blood is calling to blood. Get up, we have no time to lose. Take up your arms ! we shall carve our way through the enemy's ranks, or if God wills, we shall die a martyr's death. And in our last sleep we shall kiss the road that will bring our Army to Delhi. The road to Delhi is the road to Freedom. Chalo Delhi (March to Delhi)." Unfortunately, Bose, while traveling from Singapore to Tokyo reportedly died in a plane crash. He was just 48 then.

Subhash Chandra Bose was endowed with great physical, mental and spiritual powers. But he never revealed his spiritual powers to anyone. He had a burning desire to make India a great and prosperous country. No other leader had such a strong aspiration for the freedom and progress of the country as Subhash Chandra Bose. He was the one who believed in action; not merely in speech like many other leaders. There are many great leaders in our country even today, but what is the use if they do not put into practice what they preach? They say a million things but do not put into practice even one!

Bose was the real person who practiced what he preached. He often used to say that:
1. "The greatest curse for a man is to remain a slave.
2. The grossest crime is to compromise with injustice and wrong.
3. The highest virtue is to battle against inequity, no matter what the cost may be."
4. A true soldier needs both military and spiritual training. As soldiers, you will always have to cherish and live up to the three ideals of faithfulness, duty and sacrifice. Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible. If you, too, want to be invincible, engrave these three ideals in the innermost core of your hearts.

In the book The Last Years of British India", Michael Edwardes, the distinguished British historian of the Raj, wrote of Bose: "Only one outstanding personality of India took a different and violent path, and in a sense India owes more to him than to any other man."

Last but not least It is very important to remember that India's freedom movement was in fact a movement of the masses and there were a number of great leaders with fierce patriotism and great visionary ideas who sacrificed their entire lives for the nation's cause

Vallabh Bhai Patel (Sardar, commonly known as Sardar Patel) - Lauh Purush (Iron Man)
Vinakyak Damodar Savarkar (1883-1966) - Historian, patriot, social reformer, poet and reporter
Vivekanand (Swami) 1863-1903 - the First 'English speaking Hindu Sanyaasee' opened 'Hindu-ism' to the world

Zulfikaar Alee Bhutto

Firoz Gandhi (Husband of Indira Gandhi, died on Sep 8, 1960)
Indiraa Gandhi (Daughter of Jawahar Lal Nehru, Nov 19, 1917-Oct 31, 1984)
Kamalaa Nehru (Wife of Jawaahar Laal Nehroo, their daughter was Indiraa Gaandhee)
Kastur baa Gandhi (Wife of MK Gandhi, died in February 1944)
Krishna Huthisinh (Daughter of Mote Lal Nehru)
Sarojini Naidu
Sucheta Kripalani
Swaroop Rani (Wife of Moti Laal Nehru)
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit (Daughter of Moti Laal Nehru)

Prime Ministers and Presidents of India 1947-2000

Date Prime Minister President
1947-64 1. Jawahar Lal Nehru  
1948-50 1. Jawahar Laal Nehru C Rajgopalachari
1950-62 1. Jawahar Lal Nehru Rajendra Prasad
1962-67   S Radhaakrishnan
1964-66 2. Lal Bahadur Shastre  
1966-77 3. Indira Gandhi  
1967-69 3. Indira Gandhi Zaakir Hussain
1969-74 3. Indira Gandhi VV Giri
1974-77 3. Indira Gandhi Fakhruddeen Ali Ahmad
1977-79 4. Morarji Desai  
1977-82 4. Morarji Desai Neelam Sanjeev Reddy
1979-80 5. Charan Sinh  
1980-84 6. Indira Gandhi  
1982-87 6. Indira Gandhi + 7. Rajeev Gandhi Gyani Zail Singh
1984-89 7. Rajeev Gandhi  
1987-92 7. Rajeev Gandhi R Venkataraman
1989-90 8. VP Singh  
1990-91 9. S Chandrashekhar  
1991- 10. PV Narsimha Rao  
1992-   Shankar Dayal Sharma
2002- Manmohan Singh Mrs Pratibha Patil (  -Aug 2012)
Pranab Mukerjee (Aug 2012-)


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 02/12/14