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Muraaree (Poet)

Muraaree was a 9th century Sanskrit dramatic poet who wrote Anargh-Raaghav - story of Raamaayan, one of the most challenging piece of classical poetry. By caste he was Braahman and was a court poet. He is believed to live between 8th and 10th century AD.

Muraaree's Works
Anargh Raaghav is the only surviving work of Muraaree. Its poetry has been written in an elegant style, learned allusions and often with striking imagery. It is very popular among Pandit. This long poem has been presented as a series of political intrigues and battles, and contrasted with various kinds of passages on love and war, pride and honor, gods and demons, rites and myths, regions and cities of ancient India. The play has little action, most fights and events have taken place behind the scenes or between acts.

His emphasis is writing on play, rather than writing a series of writing beautiful stanzas, may be found in other plays also. In the Praakrit Sanskrit Prelude of Act 4, entitled "Mishra Vishkambhak", Maalyavaan, Raavan's minister and counselor, is angry with Vishwaamitra who is directing a bad drama, "Durnaatak" which is against Maalyavaan's will. In presenting the story of intrigues, Muraaree follows Bhavabhooti's "Mahaaveer Charit"

A Story About Muraaree
Muraaree was a great poet of Sanskrit. There is a story about him when he was a student. While starting the class the teacher found that Muraaree was absent. He asked one his students to go and look for him. The student went out, came back and informed the teacher that Muraaree was sleeping like a log - Daarubhuto Muraareeh. The teacher asked him to wake him up and bring him in the class. So he went tout and brought Muraaree to the class. The teacher asked him - "Daarubhuto Muraareeh?"

Then Muraaree told the teacher the following Shlok.
ekaa bhaaryaa prakritirachalaa chanchalaa cha dwiteeyaa
putronangah tribhuvanajayee manmatho durnivaarah /
shesh Shayyaa vasatiroodhakam vaahanam pannagaarih
smaaram smaaram swagriha charitam daarubhuto Muraareeh //

One wife (Bhoomi) will not move.
The second wife Lakshmee will always move from one place to another. (The wealth will pass from one to another).
Manmath, the son, does not have a body but conquers the three worlds and cannot be controlled.
His bed is the snake Anant and his abode is the ocean.
His vehicle is Garud who is the enemy of the snake.
Thinking and thinking about his family problems Muraari became a log.


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 04/05/13