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Chara Dashaa

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Chara / Naaraayan Dashaa
See also     Chara Kaarak

I won't work with Chara or Naaraayan Dashaa any more and I cannot recommend it, but everybody has the liberty to draw his own and perhaps different conclusions.

Chara or Naaraayan Dashaa
[BPHS, Ch. 46, 6-11]
O Brahmin! Some Maharishi have made a mention of Kaal and Chakra Dashaa, but they have recognized the Kaal Chakra Dashaa, as supreme. The other kinds of Dashaa, propagated by the sages, are Chara, Sthir, Kendra, Kaarak, Brahm Graha, Mandook, Shool, Yogaardh, Drig, Trikon, Raashi, Panch-swar, Yoginee, Pind, Naisargik, Asht-Varga, Sandhyaa, Paachak, Taaraa etc. But in our view all these Dashaa are not appropriate.

[Note by Revati: Parashara states that all the 'other kind of Dashaa' (almost all Raashi Dashaa!) - except Chakra and Varnad Dashaa - are not 'appropriate' in his view. Nevertheless he explains them in chapter 46.]

[Jaimini Sutras, Adhyaaya 1, Pad 1]
SU. 25. In all odd signs the counting must be in the right direction.

SU. 26. In even signs the counting must be in the reverse order.

SU. 27. In some places or signs this does not apply.

SU. 28. Many of the writers are of opinion, that the Raashi Dashaa (period of the sign) extends over such number of years which are counted from the Raashi to the place where its Lord is located.

SU. 34. Divide Raashi Dashaas by 12 and distribute the same to the 12 Raashi in proportion to the Raashi Dashaa periods to get its sub-periods. The counting should be from right to left if Lagna is odd sign and vice versa if even.

Calculation of Raashi Dashaa/ 9th from Lagna: commencing from odd or from even signs
[Jaimini Sutras, Adhyaaya 2, Pad 3]
SU. 28. If the 9th from Lagna happens to be incorporated in an odd sign, take the Raashi Dashaa in the regular order. If it happens to be incorporated in an even sign, take the Raashi Dashaa in the inverse order or backwards. The commencement of the Dashaa should be from the Lagna. Ketu in these cases is considered as a benefic.

Dwaar Raashi (Paka Raashi): Raashi, which commences Dashaa
[Jaimini Sutras, Adhyaaya 2, Pad 4]

SU. 2. The Raashi which commences the Dashaa or period is called the Dwaar Raashi or the door for the subsequent Raashi Dashaa.
[Note by Translator - This Dashaa is called also Paka Raashi.]

Bhog Raashi: Counting signs from Lagna to Dwaar Raashi
SU. 3. Count as many signs from Dwaar Raashi as Dwaar Raashi is removed from Lagna. This will be the Bhog Raashi.

Results of Dashaa to be told, dependant on planetary strength
SU. 6. The results in these Dashaa will have to be foretold, by the strength of the planets and by the sources of strength and weakness of the Paka and Bhog Raashi.

Predicting of the Stronger of Lagna or the 7th, males and females
SU. 7. These results have to be carefully predicted from Lagna or the 7th, whichever is the stronger of the two. For males preference should be given to Lagna and for females the 7th should be preferred provided it is strong.

Dashaa commences with movable sign: regular order
SU. 8. If the Dashaa commences with a movable sign or Chandra Raashi, then the order of the Raashi Dashaas will be regular in a horoscope.

Dashaa commences with fixed sign: successive order
SU. 9. If the Dashaa commences in the fixed sign or Sthir Raashi, then the 6th and 7th, etc., from it will be the successive Dashaa.

Dashaa commences with common (dual) sign: order is Kendra-Panaphar-Aapoklim
SU. 10. If the Dashaa Raashi commences in a common sign, then the successive Raashi Dashaa will be determined by the Kendra, Panaphar and Aapoklim Raashi from it.

Planets in Kendra, Panaphar and Aapoklim become Lords of Navaansh Dashaa
SU. 11. Those who are in Kendra, Panaphar and Aapoklim from the Kaarak become the lords of the Navaansh Dashaa.

Raashi in Kendra from Lagna furnish first Dashaa
SU. 12. Those Raashi which are in Kendra from Lagna furnish the first Dashaa.

Kaarak will be moving between Lagna and the 7th
SU. 13. The Kaarak will be moving between the Lagna and the 7th.

Results depending on strengths and weaknesses of Dashaa Planets
SU. 14. The results of all these will be determined, as detailed in the previous sutras, by the examination of the sources of strength and weakness to the planets, to the lords of the Dashaa and to the Raashi.

Results from Kaarak and from 1st/3rd/7th and 9th Raashi
SU. 26. Results must be predicted from the Kaarak or lords of events and also from the 1st, 3rd, 7th and the 9th Raashi.

Kaarak occupies odd sign: regular Dashaa; occupies even sign: backwards
SU. 31. If the Kaarak occupies the odd sign, then proceed for the subsequent Dashaa in the regular way, but when he is in an even sign, then go backwards for the Raashi Dashaa.

Kaarak occupies even sign: backwards
SU. 32. If the Kaarak Raashi falls in even signs, then count backwards.

Same Results for Antar-Dashaa, forward or backwards counting
SU. 34. These details above mentioned in the various sutras should also be ascribed to the Antar-Dashaa or sub-periods among the major Dashaa in the forward and backward counting.

Raashi, Yuti with or aspected by Benefics, or its Lord with strength
SU. 35. If the Raashi has beneficial aspects and conjunctions, or if its lord has similar sources of strength or is exalted, then all the results will be beneficial.

Chara Dashaa

[BPHS, CH. 46, Sl. 158 - 167]
158-166. Now I will tell you about the working out of the Dashaa years of Vrishchik and Kumbh. If both the Lords of the two Raashi, Vrishchik and Kumbh, are placed in their own Raashi, their Dashaa will be of 12 years. Otherwise the Dashaa will be of the number of years, indicated by the number, counted from that Raashi to the Raashi, occupied by its Lord. If one Graha be in his own Raashi and the other in any other Raashi, the Dashaa will be of the number of years counted, from the above first Raashi to the other. If the Lords are in different Raashi, the counting is to be done up to the Raashi, which is stronger.

The Raashi, which has a Graha, placed in it, is considered more powerful than the Raashi without a Graha in it. If both are with Grahas in them, the one with more Graha would be considered more powerful. If both Raashi are occupied by an equal number of Grahas, the strength of the Raashi itself should be taken into account.

The principle for considering the Bal (strength) of the Raashi is, that the Fixed Raashi is considered stronger than the Movable one and the Dual Raashi is considered more powerful than the Fixed Raashi. If there is equality in the strength of the Raashi, then to determine the number of years of Dasha counting should be done up to the Raashi with bigger number.

If one Raashi is occupied by a Graha in exaltation, the counting should be done up to that Raashi only. In addition 1 should be added in the number of years in the case of a Raashi with an exalted Graha and 1 should be deducted from the number of years in the case of a Raashi with a Graha in debilitation. The prediction should be made after calculating the Dashaa in this manner.

167. If the Raashi in Dharma Bhaav is in an odd Pada, the counting should be from the Raashi in the Lagna onwards. The counting would be in the reverse order, if the Pad is even. The Dashaas of Raashi have to be fixed, keeping this in view.

For Example. In the above Tulaa is the Raashi in Dharm Bhaav in an odd Pad. Amongst the Lords of Lagna, Shani and Raahu, Raahu is associated with a Graha. Therefore Raahu is more powerful than Shani. Therefore counting should be done up to Raahu. Kumbh is in even Pada, therefore counting has to be done from Kumbh up to Raahu in the reverse order, by which the Chara Dashaa for Kumbh would come to 8 years. Mesh is in odd Pad. Therefore the Chara Dashaa for Mesh will be one year. The Dashaa of other Raashi should be calculated in the same manner.

Chara / Naaraayan Dashaa
(c) 2008 by Revati

Chara - or nowadays Naaraayan Dashaa - belongs to the most used Dashaa systems after Vinshottaree Dashaa. It is a Raashi Dashaa, therefore Raashi, their Ansh and planets in them are of utmost importance.

There are a multitude of calculation possibilities for calculating correct Chara Dashaa sequence, the two most appreciated methods are 'Paraashar method' (as described in BPHS) and 'Naaraayan' Dashaa (based on Jaimini Sutras), which is elaboration of Sanjay Rath, SJC astrologer. It is interesting to note that obviously Paraashar himself did not have a good opinion with regard to almost all Raashi Dashaas (except Chakra and Varnada Dashaa), he taught that they all are 'not appropriate' in his view. Nevertheless, the logics behind Chara Dashaa construction - see next paragraph - seems to be convincing and deserves closer studies.

In my view Naaraayan Dashaa can be neglected and Chakra and Varnada Dashaa (together with Mool Dashaa and Nakshatra Dashaas) use is highly preferable. Another important point is that Antar-dashaas and Pratyantar-dashaas of Naaraayan/ Chara Dashaa are not in accordance with the calculation rules given in BPHS.

*The true Chara Dashaa is: Chakra Dashaa.*

Mahaa-Dashaa Sequence:
Chara Dashaa is based on the idea of a particular relationship among a Raashi/ Bhaav and his planetary Lord.

The calculation of Mahaa-dashaa years for a particular planet depends on the "distance of a Raashi/ Bhaav Lord to his own Bhaav": If this distance, for example, is 4 Raashi/Bhaav (eg Saturn in Taurus, four Raashi / Bhaav away from his own Raashi/Bhaav Aquarius) then the Mahaa Dashaa (of Saturn) period would extend over 4 years. Same procedure for all other planets also - this idea is the fundamental of Chara and Naaraayan Dashaa, and there are some exceptions to it which I won't describe here. As said, correct calculation of Chara Dashaa is subject of vivid discussions among astrologers.

First Maha Dashaa starts from the 1st or 7th Bhaav, whichever is stronger. Odd signs are counted regularly, even signs are counted backwards. For movable signs, the Dashaa sequence goes in normal direction from 1st or 7th Bhaav (1st MD period) to 2nd or 8th Bhava (2nd MD period) to 3rd or 9th Bhava (3rd MD period) and so on. For dual signs the direction is backwards: first MD 1st Bhava, second MD is 12th Bhaav, third MD is 11th Bhaav and so on. For fixed signs, every 6th Raashi - counted backwards from Lagna or 7th Bhaav - leads to a new Mahaa Dashaa period (or - seen from normal direction - every 8th Bhaav).

Rule for fixed signs given in Jaimini Sutras (every 6th Raashi) does not apply for Chara Dashaa as described by Paraashar (and rejected by him).

Antar-Dashaa Sequence:
Maha Dashaa is subdivided into twelve parts, Antar-dashaa sequence starts with Maha-Dashaa Raashi or Bhaav, as usual.

Naaraayan Dashaa is part of Jaimini astrology, which is very different from Paraashar's but a good supplement to it.

Naaraayan Dashaa can be seen as a progression of your Lagna. It shows changes in your environment, your surroundings and your outer world. It is a Dashaa of material manifestation - of all kinds - as well.

Parashara was looking at the reality, the 'Satya' of ourselves and the world, Jaimini strongly emphasized Arudhaa and Chara Kaarak.

Arudhaa do not indicate the reality but the illusion, the 'Maayaa' in our world and of ourselves - they are like a 'fata morgana' in a desert, a mirror with an illusory view. They show when and how we are perceived by other people and the results thereof - therefore Arudhaa are closely connected with material manifestations as well. Arudhaa Lagna is one of the most important horoscope factors.

Chara Kaarak

Aatm Kaarak, Amaatya Kaarak, Bhraatri Kaarak, Maatri Kaarak, Putra Kaarak, Gnati Kaarak and Dara Kaarak - indicate wishes and desires of the eternal Soul which are to be fulfilled in our life/present incarnation. Aatm Kaarak - denotes the main wish of our eternal Soul to be reached, Amaatya Kaarak - how we can reach this, the other Chara Kaarak are related to the Bhaav 3 - 7. As Chara Kaaraks are related to goals and aims they are deeply connected to our Dharma, indicating it in our natal chart.

The best way of using Chara/ Naaraayan Dashaa, is analyzing current period from Arudhaa Lagna and Chara Kaarak. After this normal style of interpretation - as explained in Mool Dashaa article - can be done, but this is only of secondarily importance and can be neglected in my view.

Entry Charts of Mahaa-Dashaa, Antar-Dashaa and Pratyantar Dashaa periods are significant as always and normally reliable because Chara or Naaraayan Dashaa - as a Raashi Dashaa - is not that time-sensitive as Nakshatra Dashaa.

We can take the five fundamental planetary connections as explained in Phala Deepika:
(1) When they occupy mutually each other's sign.
(2) When they are conjoined.
(3) When there is mutual aspect between them.
(4) When they are in Kendra position with respect to each other.
(5) When they are in Trikon position with reference to each other.

(Phala Deepika by Mantreswara, Ch. 15, Sl. 30)

and apply them on positions
- MD Raashi as Lagna for this period, AD Raashi counted therefrom (same for AD - PD sequence),
- from Arudhaa Lagna,
- from Bhaav Arudhaa (A2, A3, A4...), for particular themes,
- from Graha Arudha (Arudhaa of Sun, Moon, Lagna Lord, etc.),
- from Aatm-, Amaatya Kaarak and all other Chara Kaarak (according to their meanings).

Most important:

- MD Raashi as Lagna for this period, AD Raashi counted there from (same for AD - PD sequence),
- placement counted from Moon
- placement counted from Arudhaa Lagna
- placement counted from Aatm Kaarak

If Lagna or Sun are endowed with more strength, they can become more significant than Moon (according to Moola Dashaa construction rule). Fine-tuning with placements counted from other Chara Kaarak, Lagna Lord or Kaarak, Special Lagna (especially Hora and Ghatee Lagna), Bhaav and Graha Arudhaa.

When two planets have the same longitude (e.g. 10 in one or two Raashi), 8 Chara Kaarak Scheme must be taken over, else 7 Chara Kaarak Scheme is advisable. Regarding Arudhaa exception rules, they are valid and must be applied.

Final Note:
Some astrologers calculate Naaraayan Dashaa for each Varg chart, for example for Navaansh or Drekkan. This takes a single Varg chart as an independent chart - independent from natal chart. As Varg Charts are only parts (Ansh) within a particular Raashi I do not support this idea and it is not necessary to do so. All information necessary for astrological life comes from different Dashaa systems, applied on planets in Raashi and their various Ansh, Nakshatra and the various planetary connections.



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Created and Maintained by Sushma Gupta
Created on 05/18/2008 and Updated on 03/20/2013