|53-Miracle in Ved|
53-Miracle in Ved
You will be surprised to know that you cannot change even a single syllable or vowel in Ved's language. They are simply unalterable. We are thankful to several scholars whose source we could not track but whose works were used for creation of this article.)
How Ved have been preserved in pristine state, here are some analytical, unbiased and objective pointers. We provide here some details on how Ved have been preserved so purely and how its not possible to alter even a single syllable. No other text in the world can claim to have such fail-safe method of preservation. Our forefathers devised a number of methods to preserve the unwritten Ved in their original form, to safeguard their tonal and verbal purity.
Swar Protection of Ved
How we must regulate our breathing to produce the desired vibration in a
particular part of our body so that the sound of the syllable enunciated is
produced in its pure form: this science is explained in the
Vedaang called Shikshaa. If you see a
Vaidik Mantra in the Sanhitaa, you would find certain marks after syllables.
For example see the following image:
Further, different Gurukul specialize in studying different Paath (recitation)
methods (explained after this section) would still have the same Swar system in
place, thereby easily tracking accuracy of each Vaidik Mantra to last syllable.
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Paath Protection of Ved by Mantra's Different Patterns
Paath Protection of Ved by Mantra's Different Patterns
We call some Vaidik scholars "Gan Paathee", don’t we? It means that they have learnt the chanting of the scripture up to the advanced stage called "Gan". "Paathee" means one who has learnt the "Paath". When we listen to any Ganapaathee chant the Gan, we notice that they intone a few words of a Mantra in different ways, back and forth. It is most delightful to the ear, like nectar poured into it. The sonority natural to Vaidik chanting is enhanced in Gan. Similarly, in the other methods of chanting like Karm, Jata, Shikhaa, Mala, and so on, the intonation is nothing less than stately, indeed divine.
The chief purpose of such methods, as already mentioned, is to ensure that
not even a syllable of a Mantra is altered to the slightest extent. The
In old inscriptions in the South we find the names of some important people of the place concerned mentioned with the appellation "Kramavittan" added to the names. "Kramavittan" is the Tamil form of "Kramavid" in the same way as "Vedavittan" is of "Vedavid". We learn from the inscriptions that such Vaidik scholars were there throughout South India in past.
Note that South India has a great contribution in preserving the Vaidik traditions during a critical long era of history when North India was occupied in struggling for survival from brutal attacks of barbaric invaders and their progenies from West Asia. We find the tradition of Vaidik Gurukul uninterrupted even till today.)
Sanhitaa Paath and Pad Paath are called "Praakritik Paath" (natural way
of chanting) since the words are recited only once and in their natural order. The
other methods belong to the "Vikrti Paath" (artificial way of chanting)
category. (In Kram, though the words do not go in the strict natural order of
one-two-three, there is no reversal of the words, like the first after the second
and the second after the third, and so on. So we cannot describe it fully as Vikriti
Paath). Leaving out Kram Paath, there are 8 kinds Vikriti patterns and they are
recounted in verse to be easily remembered.
All these different methods of chanting are meant to ensure the tonal and verbal purity of the Ved for all time. In Pad the words in their natural order, in Kram two words together, in Jata the words going back and forth. The words tally in all these methods of chanting and there is the assurance that the original form will not be altered.
The benefits to be derived from the different ways of chanting are given in
Considering that our ancestors took so much care to make sure that the sound of the Ved did not undergo the slightest change, it is futile for modern researchers to try to establish the date of our scriptures by finding out how the sounds of its words have changed.
What more, today different schools of Ved exist in South who memorize Ved
in different means, as explained above. And if you compare the Mantra
memorized by different schools, you will find variation of not a single
syllable. Remember we are talking lacs of syllables.And still no variations.
That is why even Max Muller, a bitter critic of Vaidik philosophy, could also
not help but state that such a foolproof method of preservation is among the
greatest wonders and miracles of the world. An example of Gan Paath --
This example gives a faint glimpse of how the Ved, in spite of its massive content, (Rig Ved and Yajur Ved have 153,826 words and 109,287 words respectively) have been preserved from generation to generation though it was all done only by oral transmission. We give below a sentence from the Yajur Ved, obviously without the Swar, in its original Sanhitaa Paath form, also its Pada text and then the order of the words in the Gan recital. A Pandit who has learnt the Gan recital of one complete Ved (he takes 13 years of whole time work to reach that stage) is called a Gan-Paathee. First we give the rule for the Gan mechanics of recitation. If the original order of words in a sentence is :
The Gan recital goes as follows:
Now for the Gan recital (without the Swar ; with the Swar it would be a delight to hear). The recital is a non-stop recital, except for a half-pause at the place shown by / . There is no break anywhere else. The hyphens shown are for requirements of those who can decipher the grammar; they will not be reflected in the recital.
eshAM-purushANAM- purushANAm- eshAm-eshAM purushANAm-eshAm- eshAm
The significant point to note here is that in Sanskrit the order of words
does not matter. If you do it with an English sentence like:
You can see the absurdity now. In Sanskrit this absurdity would not arise. So a Gan recitation is supposed to be equivalent to a recitation of the Ved 13 times and to that extent is multifold fruitful! The 13 is because except for two beginning and two ending words in a sentence the others are repeated 13 times. (You can check it with the word paSUnAM above).
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Vedas Myth and Reality (English) - image: The 4 Vedas Complete (Hindi)]
The first is the Pada Paath, which simply recites each word of the text separately; Pada means word; Paath means reading. The euphonic changes that occur from the Sanhitaa Paath to the Pada Paath is itself very technical (Sanskrit grammar would be crucial here) but makes sense.
In addition, there are 8 other techniques of recitation, the sole purpose of each is to preserve the original Sanhitaa text without the loss or addition of a single syllable or Swar. The Swar are a significant part of the recital of the Ved, whatever be the mode. The 8 modes are called: Krama, jata, gan, Maalaa, Ratha, Shikhaa, Dand and Rekhaa. In each mode the order of recital of the words is specified as a particular permutation of their original sequence. All these elaborate and sophisticated approaches have ensured that the first texts of humanity – the Ved Sanhitaa – are available to us today in exactly the same pure original form.
This article is also available in Hindi at - http://agniveer.com/3887/why-vedas-cannot-be-changed-hi/
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 07/01/13