|28-Concept of God in Ved|
28-Concept of God in Ved
(1) anejadekam manaso javeeyo nainaddevaa aapnuvan poorvamarshat.
taddhaavato anatyeti tishtittasminnapo maatarishvaa dadaati.
(2) vishwatashchakrurat a vishvato mukho....... .deva Ekah..
(3) Ya Ek ittamushtuhikrshtee naam vicharshanihi. patirjajne vrashakratuhu.
(4) indram mitram varunamaagni maahuratodivyaha sa susharno garutyaan.
(5) yo devaanaam naamadhaa Eka Eva tam samprashnam bhuvanaa yantyanyaa.
(6) na dwiteeyo na triteeyashchaturtho naapyuchyate. na pancham na
shashthah saptamo naapyuchyate. naashtamo na navamo dashamo naapyuchyate.
Jaabaal Upanishad declares that Shat Rudreeya is the most important portion of Yajur Ved and those who chant it would achieve Moksh. (adhyaayam shat rudreeyam yajushaam saaramuttamam, japedaamaranaadr udram sa yaati paramaam gatim.) Rudra Hridaya Upanishad explains the omnipresence of Rudra - "rudra is Brahmaa, Saraswatee, Vishnu, Lakshmee, Soorya etc, Rudra is Ved....". One may observe that the Shiv related Puraan proclaim the importance of Vishnu and Vishnu related Puraan do the same for Shiv.
In the Mahaabhaarat, Bheeshm says,
Skand Puraan says,
The Upanishad which describes the greatness of Shiv are Shwetaashwatar, Kaivalya, Jaabaal, Garbh, Atharvaasheersh, Atharv Shikhaa, Brihad Jaabaal, Kaalaagni Rudra, Dakshinaamoorti, Sharabh, Aksh Maalikaa, Rudra Hridaya, Bhasm Jaabaal, Rudraaksh Jaabaal, Panch Brahm Jaabaali etc, - as mentioned in Muktikopanishad. It is relevant to now quote the words of Vishnu Himself as He told Daksh Prajaapati in Bhaagvat Puraan - "aham Brahmaa cha sharvashch jagatah kaaranam param, aatmeshwar upadrashtaa swayam drig Visheshanah".
Thus, it may be
observed that although there are references in different parts of the Ved
mentioning the greatness of one or the other forms of God, the underlining
principle is the existence of that one great force, which is called God
which creates, sustains and destroys. These are the different names for
that great force (Shakti).
In the Ved, there is only one God but has so many names according to His qualities. For example His name is OM which means the God is the savior of all. His name is Soorya (Sun) ie, Sun has light but Sun takes light from God because God has the supreme and Divine light of His own. His name is Chandramaa (Moon). Moon gives peace, calm, cold and charming light so the name of God is also Chandramaa (Moon) because God gives peace, calm etc., to those who worship him. Shiv means Kalyaan ie, happiness, welfare, good fortune and benediction etc, ie, He who does welfare to human beings, he is Shiv and He is only one Almighty God said above. Vishnu means He who is everywhere and He is only one Almighty God. We all do not worship all the 33 gods or goddesses as briefed above.
Rig Ved Mantra 1.164.46 says," Ekam Sadaroop Viprah Bahudaa Vadanti" ie, Ekam Sattwam means truth is one ie, God is one but Viprah = Rishi, Muni who are learned of Ved; Bahudaa Vadanti = utter so many names of God mentioned in Ved like Agnim Yamam Matrishwanam Aahuhu = the names of God are Agni, Yam, Maatrishwa and Aahuhu means "says". In Yajur Ved Mantra 32.1 the names of God stated are Agni, Aaditya, Vaayu, Chandramaa, Shukram, Brahm, Aapah, and Prajaapatih etc. Explained here are the meaning of the above names of God in brief.
Agni = agrini means at the top, or who comes first or who was before the creation and according to the said qualities, here the meaning of Agni pertains to God ie, God is eternal and therefore exists always before the creation etc, that is why Rig Ved Mantra 1.1.1 says Agnim Eedey - in the said Mantra the meaning of Agni is God according to the qualities and situation. Meaning of Eedey is desire. Therefore the meaning of Agnim Eedey is, "I am desirous of God. Similarly Yam means controller of universe, Maatrishwa means air ie, like the Wind god gives life to human beings. Aaditya means which can not be broken into pieces, Chandramaa means like Moon god gives calmness and peace, Shukram means Almighty, Brahm means the superior most, the biggest, the greatest etc, in the Universe. Aapah means omnipresent, Prajapatih means one who nurses the Universe.
So all the said meanings have the qualities of God and hence the name of God in the Ved, but these are always uttered by Rish and Muni, who are learned of Ved, as mentioned in Rig Ved Mantra quoted above. Therefore only Rishi Muni who are learned of Ved, utter or tell the holy name of God mentioned in Ved and those who do not know Ved can never utter the above holy names of God. But the said holy names, on the other hand, are even of surprising nature to them.
The holy names of God in the Ved are according to the nature, knowledge and deeds (God creates, nurses, destroys and controls the universe etc) of Almighty God. Therefore those names are eternal and countless. That is why there are infinite names of Almighty God being beyond imagination, beyond calculation and beyond description etc, and we have to worship the said Almighty God whose description is in four Ved, whose study has mostly been made stopped by the present saints who were against the Ved and speak only charming stories etc, and never tell about Ved. Whereas the description of Ved is in Geetaa, Raamaayan, six Shaastra, Upanishad and all ancient holy books. The reason why the present (most of them) saints do not quote Ved is that they do not study the Ved properly, do not do Yagya and do not follow Ashtaang Yog Philosophy mentioned in Ved which was also adopted by Shree Raam, Shree Krishn, Seetaa, King Harishchandra, King Dasharath and their subjects and public etc. Therefore we must be aware of false prophets.
In Rig Ved Mantra 2.23.1 there is a word, "Gannanaam Twa Gannapatim Havaamahe". In the Mantra Gannanaam means who is Supreme, amongst all the matters of universe, ie, God and Gannapatim means he who is Supreme Lord of the matters of the Universe ie, God , "Twa" means you ie, God, Havaamahe means accept, that means "accept for worship". Idea of the Mantra is that one should always worship the God who is Supreme commander of the universe, who is omniscient and Almighty.
Stories of 18 Puraan do not tally with the true knowledge of Ved. Ved contain only knowledge, not any story or history of anyone etc. In Ved there is no mention of any proper noun except that of Almighty God.
Mitra in Ved
Mitra is a Vaidik God mentioned in the Ved, but he is rarely worshipped today in Hinduism. He is one among the Aaditya and is associated with friendship and solidarity. The name Mitra means a "devoted friend" or "friendship". He is the son of Aditi. He represents the relationship between the living beings. Social morality, comradeship and rules of association are his domain. In Vaidik society, as the guardian encouraged the virtuous and pious and protected them. He also punished the sinners who did not keep their promise in the society. Code of honor important in early society was looked after by Mitra.
Legend has it that Sage Vashishth and sage Agastya were born to Mitra and Varun from Urvashee. It is said that once Mitra and Varun saw Urvashee and their semen fell. They placed their semen in an urn before Urvashee. From that semen was born Sage Vashishth and sage Agastya - the men who defined code of behavior in ancient society. According to Bhaagvat Puraan, Mitra had three sons from Revatee, who represents prosperity. The three sons were Utsarg, Arisht, and Pippal. It must also be noted that Mitra is also mentioned in other ancient culture, for example in ancient Eeraanian culture, Mitra is the god of light.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 03/20/13