This Upanishad belongs to Tandya or Jaimini Braahman of Saam Ved) and shows Umaa revealing the knowledge of Brahm to the gods, thus is about knowing Brahm.
First Khand, 1
Teacher replies: "It is the ear of the ear, the mind of the mind, the
speech of speech, the breath of breath, and the eye of the eye. When freed
(from the senses) the wise, on departing from this world, become immortal.
(3) The eye does not
go thither, nor speech, nor mind. We do not know, we do not understand, how
anyone can teach it.
(4) It is different from the known, it is also above the unknown, thus we have heard from those of old, who taught us this.
(5) That which is not expressed by speech and by which speech is expressed, that alone know as Brahman, not that which people here adore.
(6) That which does not think by mind, and by which, they say, mind is thought, that alone know as Brahman, not that which people here adore.
(7) That which does not see by the eye, and by which one sees (the work of) the eyes, that alone know as Brahman, not that which people here adore.
(8) That which does not hear by the ear, and by which the ear is heard, that alone know as Brahman, not that which people here adore.
(9) That which does not breathe by breath, and by which breath is drawn, that alone know as Brahman, not that which people here adore."
(2) The Pupil says: "I do not think I know it well, nor do I know that I do not know it. He among us who knows this, he knows it, nor does he know that he does not know it.
(3) He by whom it (Brahm) is not thought, by him it is thought; he by whom it is thought, knows it not. It is not understood by those who understand it, it is understood by those who do not understand it.
(4) It is thought to be known (as if) by awakening, and (then) we obtain immortality indeed. By the Self we obtain strength, by knowledge we obtain immortality.
(5) If a man knows this here, that is the true (end of life); if he does not know this here, then there is a great destruction (new births). The wise who have thought on all things (and recognized the Self in them) become immortal, when they have departed from this world."
(2) Brahm perceived this and appeared to them. But they did not know it, and said: "What sprite (Yaksh or Yakshya) is this?"
(3) They said to Agni (fire): "O Jaatavedaa, find out what sprite this is." "Yes," he said.
(4). He ran toward it, and Brahman said to him: "Who are you?" He replied: "I am Agni, I am Jaatavedaa."
(5) Brahm said: "What power is in you?" Agni replied: "I could burn all whatever there is on earth."
(6) Brahm put a straw before him, saying: "Burn this." He went towards it with all his might, but he could not burn it. Then he returned thence and said: "I could not find out what sprite this is."
(7) Then they said to Vaayu (air): 'O Vaayu, find out what sprite this is." "Yes," he said.
(8) He ran toward it, and Brahman said to him: "Who are you?" He replied: "I am Vaayu, I am Matariswan."
(9) Brahm said: "What power is in you?" Vaayu replied: "I could take up all whatever there is on earth."
(10) Brahm put a straw before him, saying: "Take it up." He went towards it with all his might, but he could not take it up. Then he returned thence and said: "I could not find out what sprite this is."
(11) Then they said to Indra: "O Maghavaan, find out what sprite this is." He went towards it, but it disappeared from before him.
(12) Then in the same space (ether) he came towards a woman, highly adorned: it was Umaa, the daughter of Himavant. He said to her: "Who is that sprite?"
(2) Therefore these Devtaa, viz. Agni, Vayu, and Indra, are, as it were, above the other gods, for they touched it (the Brahm) nearest.
(3) And therefore Indra is, as it were, above the other gods, for he touched it nearest, he first knew it.
(4) This is the teaching of Brahm, with regard to the gods (mythological) : It is that which now flashes forth in the lightning, and now vanishes again.
(5) And this is the teaching of Brahm, with regard to the body (psychological) : It is that which seems to move as mind, and by it imagination remembers again and again.
(6) That Brahm is called Tadvana, by the name of Tadvana it is to be meditated on. All beings have a desire for him who knows this.
(7) The Teacher said: "As you have asked me to tell you the Upanishad, the Upanishad has now been told you. We have told you the Braahmee Upanishad.
(8) The feet on which that Upanishad stands are penance, restraint, sacrifice; the Ved are all its limbs, the Truth is its abode.
(9) He who knows this Upanishad, and has shaken off all evil, stands
in the endless, unconquerable world of Heaven, yeah, in the world of Heaven."
THE END OF THE KEN UPANISHAD
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 12/06/12