Shishu Sansaar | Stories-Indian Reformers
|Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya|
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
Birth: 1861; Death: 12 November 1946
Born in an educated orthodox Hindu family at Allahabad (Prayag) in 1861, Pt Madan Mohan Malaviya came to be recognized as an outstanding and noble son of India. His multifaceted personality made him, at the same time, a great patriot, educationist with a vision, social reformer, a keen journalist, reluctant but effective lawyer and a successful parliamentarian and an outstanding statesman devoting all his attention to the task of nation building.
Among Malaviya Ji's many achievements, the most monumental was the founding of the Banaras Hindu University (Kashi Hindu Vishva-vidyalaya), and this became known to be a 'Capital of Knowledge' across India and the World.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya created history in Indian education with this institution, the first of its kind in the country establishing university under chairmanship of Kashi Naresh. He chose Banaras as the most preferred site as it had centuries old tradition of learning, wisdom and spirituality inherent to the place. His vision was to blend the best of Indian education called from the ancient centers of learning -Takshashila, Nalanda and other hallowed institutions of the past when India was at the peak of its glory, with the best tradition of modern universities of the west.
Great minds and personalities like Annie Besant, Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Shyama Charan De and many others joined hand with him in his quest for knowledge by arousing the nationalistic spirit in India and winning freedom with the power of education and righteousness. Malaviya passed away in 1946 but his spirit still lives on and there are many who continued to bear the torch that he lit, and many more stand ready to shoulder the mantle of his responsibility.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was the founder of Banaras (Hindu) University which stands as an enduring memorial to his foresight, educational ideals, and passion for Indian culture. Malaviya Ji attended the Congress session from 1886 to 1936 and presided over the sessions of 1909 and 1918. In his presidential address at the Lahore session he declared that "it is righteousness alone that wins."
Born at Allahabad in an orthodox Brahmin family, young Malaviya had his early education in Sanskrit. He graduated from the Calcutta University in 1884 and started his career as a teacher. He edited a Hindu weekly called "Hindustan" and an English weekly called "Indian Union."
Malaviya Ji was the Vice Chairman of the Allahabad Municipality and member of the provincial Legislative Council and of the Imperial Legislative Council. He was a gifted speaker. He was a member of the Indian Industrial Commission in 1916. He attended the Round Table Conference in London in 1931.
The "Spotless Pandit," as Malaviya Ji was described by a member of the Viceroy's Executive Council, was the epitome of selfless service in the cause of the nation. Though orthodox in his personal habits, Malaviya Ji was for removing the disabilities of women and the depressed classes of people.
His Education and Career
March 1916 - Bill against Indentured Labour system in Councils
1916-18 - Member, Industrial Commission
1918 - Formation of Scout Association by Seva Samiti
19 April 1919 - Chaired Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in Bombay
Created by Sushma Gupta on March 15, 2009
Modified on 05/05/13