Shishu Sansaar | Stories-Historical
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Bihaaree Laal Chaube popularly known as Bihaaree was a great poet who is famous for his "Bihaaree Satasaee". His Satasaee contains approximately 700 Dohaa (couplets) related to Vishnu's 8th Avataar Krishn and His beloved Raadhaa. he has written this in Brij language which is spoke around Mathuraa, Vrindaa Van, Aligarh etc area.
Bihaaree was born in Keshav Raaya's family in Govindpur, near Gwaaliyar. His father was a Braahman and his mother was a Kshatriya. After his marriage he settled down in his in-law's house in Mathuraa. He met Keshav Daas, another famous poet of those times, and learn to write poetry from him. Once he got an opportunity to present his work in Shaah Jahaan's court. Shaah Jahaan was so impressed with it that he immediately invited him to stay in Aagaraa. There he learnt Persian Language and met Raheem, another famous poet of those times. While at Aagaraa, Rajaa Jaya Sinh of Amber, near Jayapur, heard about him and invited him to Jayapur. It was here that he wrote his Satasaee.
A couplet of Satasaee suggests that it was completed in 1662. Its another couplet (No 705) refers to an event, stating Raajaa Jaya Sinh, which occurred in 1665. A few couplets were composed for prince and for each couplet he received one Asharfee (a gold piece worth Rupees 16).
Since all its couplets are independent of one another, its many different rescensions exist, but the standard version is that which some poets under the direction of the Prince Aazam Shaah, the third son of Aurangzeb, put together, and that is why it is sometimes called Aazam Shaahee and it comprises 726 couplets.
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Created by Sushma Gupta on January 15, 2002
Modified on 05/05/13