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2-Introduction

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2-Introduction to Folktales

Folktales, or folklores,  or folk stories are a very good source to know about a culture or civilization. Every place, every religion, every country, every society has its own folktales. What is a folktale and how does it differ from Myth, Fairy tales or Legend.

Fairy Tale
A fairy tale may involve fairies, giants, dragons, elves, goblins, dwarves, and other fanciful and fantastic forces. While traditionally intended for children, fairy tales have also been drawn into the field of literary theory. And, many books are based on the story of "Cinderella", "Beauty and the Beast" and other fairy tales?

Folktales
Whereas myth has at its core the origins of a people, and is often sacred, folklore is a collection of fictional tales about people and/or animals. Folktales describe how the main character copes with the events of everyday life, and the tale may involve crisis or conflict. Superstitions and unfounded beliefs are important elements in the folklore tradition. The study of folklore is called folkloristic.

Legend
A legend is a story purported to be historical in nature, but without substantiation. Prominent examples include: King Arthur, Blackbeard and Robin Hood. Where evidence of the existence of actual historical figures exists, figures like King Richardare legends due in large part to the many stories that have been created about them. Legend also refers to anything that inspires a body of stories, or anything of lasting importance or fame. The story is handed down from earlier times, but will continue to evolve with time.

Myth
A myth is a traditional story which may describe the origins of the world and or of a people.  A myth is an attempt to explain mysteries, supernatural events, and cultural traditions. Sometimes sacred in nature, a myth can involve gods or other creatures. And, a myth represents reality in dramatic ways. Many cultures have their own versions of common myths, which contain archetypal images and themes.

This place is created to provide many folktales from many countries in Hindi language.

Folktales from developed countries such as America, Europe and European countries (UK, Ireland, Scotland, Germany, France etc) are available in English in published form but the folktales from many other countries such as African countries - Nigeria, Ethiopia, South Africa, Egypt etc are difficult to get even in English in published form, let alone in other languages.

A Collection of More Than 600 Folktales
Here is the list of folktales in Hindi mainly from African countries plus from other countries of other continents adapted from several published and unpublished sources of English language into Hindi language for our Hindi readers - children, women and social researchers.

There are two main purposes of writing these folktales in Hindi language --
--to make them available to our Hindi reading people
--to create a body of foreign scarcely available folktale literature for the researchers in Hindi language

Along with African countries, folktales from some other developed countries - America (folktales of Native Americans), Canada, Europe, UK, Ireland, South American countries have also been written in Hindi from published and unpublished sources.

I hope that these tales will
--entertain our Hindi readers
--will prove useful to social researchers
--will constitute a fairly good size of foreign folktales literature in Hindi language.

These stories have been written in very basic daily speaking Hindi language which can be read by all Hindi speaking people who know even a little Hindi

Here only the lists of the stories are given. The actual stories are with the author. One can ask for the actual story by writing to sushmajee@yahoo.com.

Folktales in Hindi Braille - Touch Read Project
Some of these stories, 150 stories,  are available in Hindi Braille language too for our visually handicapped people. A project with the name of Touch Read was started in October 2013. Under this project various countries' folktales written in Hindi language were organized under 15 titles. One of them is already out while others are underway to be published.

Its first Hindi Braille title "Nigeria Kee Lok Kathaayen, Pahalaa Bhaag" was published by National Association for the Blind, Mumbai, and was distributed to 120 schools for visually handicapped all over India free of charge.

Any visually handicapped individual - man, woman or child who can read Hindi Braille living in any country can always ask for a copy of any of those 15 titles (when published) free of charge by writing to touch-read@yahoo.com.

 

 

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Created by Sushma Gupta on January 6, 2014
Contact:  sushmajee@yahoo.com
Modified on 09/12/14