17. Uselessness of Quick Samaadhi and the Way to Wisdom
Dattaatreya Jee further
said - "O Bhaargav, Now I tell you what conversation took place
between the King Janak and Muni Ashtaavakra.
There are other states also of Samaadhi which are in between the periods of waking, dreaming and sleeping; at the time of sighting a distant object - so you should carefully watch such states of your mind. These intervals should be expanded because if they are the same, all happenings will be standstill if the intelligence will be the same. These happenings are possible only when there is a certain harmony in intelligence which happens normally when it is at broken intervals. O Son of Kaahod, If one is aware of these intervals. no other Samaadhi needs to attract one."
Ashtaavakra again asked - "If
people can get such momentary Samaadhi so many times then why don't they get
liberated? Because Self is pure intelligence, why doesn't it recognize itself
and remain always liberated? Ignorance is dispelled by pure intelligence, which
is Samadhi, and this is the immediate cause of salvation."
Comment - An aspirant for wisdom first turns away from the pleasures of life and absorbs himself in the search for knowledge, which he learns from a master. This is hearsay knowledge. In order to experience it, he ponders over it and clears his doubts. Then he applies the knowledge to himself and tries to feel his immortal being transcending the body, mind, etc, he succeeds in feeling his Self within. Later he remembers the Vaidik teaching imparted by his Guru that the Self being unqualified, cannot be differentiated from God and experiences his unity with the Universal Self. This is in short, the course of wisdom and liberation.
Ignorance cannot be removed just by Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi. It is like canvas for painting. Canvas remains the same and paintings are changed. Unqualified knowledge is simple light, the objects are manifest by and in it.
Nir-Vikalp and Sa-Vikalp Samaadhi
But ignorance or delusion should not be confused with the Sa-Vikalp state - for ignorance is only the original contamination (ie cause) continuing as effect. The original cause lies in the knowledge of perfection in the Self. The idea of perfection is due to absence of parts. Parts can appear only with time, space and form. However, the sense of completeness appears without these agencies, implying a yearning for them - thus giving rise to the sense of want. Then and there limitations come into being, and the fundamental cause of ignorance manifests as 'I am'. That is the embryonic seed from which shoots forth the sprout of the body as the individualized self (growing up to the gigantic tree of the cycle of births and deaths). The cycle of births and deaths does not end unless ignorance is put an end to. This can happen only with a perfect knowledge of the Self, not otherwise.
Such wisdom can destroy ignorance in two ways - directly and indirectly. Knowledge is first acquired from a master and through him from the scriptures. This knowledge cannot fulfill our objective, because only theoretical knowledge cannot bring results. To taste the fruit, the practical knowledge is necessary; and that comes through Samaadhi. Knowledge through Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi generates wisdom by removing ignorance and objective knowledge.
In the same way, the casual Samaadhi alone does not serve the purpose either in the absence of theoretical knowledge. It is like this as a man cannot recognize an emerald just by reading its description with our seeing it before; and in the same way cannot ignore it even if he has seen it and does not have its theoretical knowledge. Thus ignorance cannot be removed by only theory, or by only casual Samaadhi.
To keep an eye on the objective is another is another advantage. Attention is very important, An inattentive person cannot recognize ever-recurring Samaadhi in his life. he is like a man ignorant of the treasure he holds in his hands but wanders around begging for his food. Thus Samaadhi is useless to such people. Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi is certainly never going to remove ignorance, that is why Sa-Vikalp Samaadhi must be practiced. God inherent as the self is pleased by meritorious actions which are continued through several births after which the desire for liberation dawns and not otherwise, whether one has to take millions of birth for this."
Scheme of Liberation
Now you listen to the scheme of liberation. One learns the devotion to God in thousands of meritorious lives after spending a long time in worshiping God. This arises the feeling of dispassion towards worldly pleasures, and the person gradually starts longing for the knowledge of truth and become absorbed in search of it. He gets a Master and learns from his the theoretical knowledge - this is Shravan.
After acquiring theoretical knowledge,
he starts thinking over it on the basis of his own practical knowledge - this is
By doing this he starts experiencing the Inner Self, identifying the Self with the Supreme - a step towards removing his ignorance. Gradually the Inner Self is realized, and this state of realization is called Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi - this is called Pratyabhin Gyaan. This destroys the root of ignorance, instantly and completely.
This gradual contemplation (Dhyaan) goes in a progressive stages as Sa-Vikalp Samaadhi (or qualified Samaadhi) and Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi (or unqualified Samaadhi). This Dhyaan leads the man to think that the mind in its purity is only the Self. Although in the beginning thoughts disturb this Dhyaan, but the practice goes on by the name of Dhyaan and gradually the same Dhyaan becomes uninterrupted by thoughts and thus becomes Sa-Vikalp Samaadhi. When it goes on without thoughts for some time, it becomes Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi. The Inner Self glows in all its purity, in the last stage.
Dhyaan has been said to develop into Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi and it signifies its unified nature; whereas modification signifies the many sidedness of the Consciousness. When the mind does not create any picture due to thoughts in its unmodified states, which is its primal and pure condition. When a picture is removed from a wall, the plain wall remains - no other work is needed to restore its original condition. In the same way when thoughts are removed, only the pure mind remains. Therefore the unqualified state (Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi) is restored if the present disturbance is needed. If one has to keep the most holy condition, nothing else has to done. Nevertheless even learned people are deluded in this matter owing to Maayaa.
Three Types of Aspirants
Individual bodies, their senses, minds etc are similar to visions in a dream - they are projected from me. Controlled or uncontrolled minds appear only to mental eye. Even if all minds are controlled, my mind remains free, because my mind is like an infinite space, how can one control it and who is going to control it?
Let the body do whatever it wants, thinking thus I live in my own bliss, that is why I always live in the state of perfection and remain unblemished. My experience is of the best aspirants. Wisdom is attained in many lives by the lowest aspirant. If the aspirant is of middle class, he can attain wisdom in fewer or in the same life, but slowly and gradually. This will be according to the scheme - (1) learning the truth, (2) firm belief in that, (3) meditation - qualified Samaadi and unqualified Samaadhi, (4) finally Sahaj Samaadhi - to remain unattached even being involved in the activities in the world. This last state is very rarely found.
Why to fall in Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi without gaining of its wisdom, even if somebody has experienced several times and he would not liberate? Because Samaadhi in the waking state are fruitless. A man should live a normal life and check every incident as the projection of Self, not of his own self, he cannot be free from handicap of ignorance. Nir-Vikalp Samaadhi is known by the experience of the true Self, or pure intelligence. Although it is eternal, but it seems that this Abstract Intelligence did not exist. Abstract Intelligence is the background on which phenomena are displayed, and it is necessary that they should be displayed in all its purity. In the absence of its purity, they may first look new but they remain unrecognized because they are not distinguished from the phenomena displayed by it. When they are erased, it becomes clear. This in short is the method of Self Realization."
Dattaatreya Jee said - "O Braahman, Think over what you have learnt and you will realize that with the realization of that wisdom, you will know the Self and will be liberated." After giving these instructions to Ashtaavakra, Janak Jee sent him away. Ashtaavakra went away and he soon became Jeevan Mukt.
End of the Chapter 17
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/03
Updated on 03/31/13