Devee | Deviyaan
Visit this website - www.brajdhamsewa.org/ for Kaatyaayanee Devee Mandir in Vrindaa Van, UP.
Kaatyaayanee see also Yaagyavalkya
Kaatyaayanee Devee is the 6th form of Durgaa and is the part of Nava Durgaa. She is worshipped on the 6th day of Nava Durgaa festival. Amarkosh gives this name to Paarvatee as her 2nd name. In Shaktism she is associated with the fierce forms of Shakti and a group of War goddesses, which also include Bhadrakaalee and Chandee, and traditionally she is associated with the color red, as with Goddess Durgaa, the primordial form of Shakti, a fact also mentioned in Patanjali's Mahabhaashya on Paanini, written in 2nd BCE.
She is first mentioned in the Taittireeya Aaranyak part of the Krishn Yajur Ved. her stories appear in Devee Bhaagvat Puraan and Devee Mahaatmya (Maarkandeya Puraan). Later she was mentioned in Budhist and Jain texts and several Taantrik texts, especially in the Kalikaa Puraan which mentions that Uddiyaan olr Udeesaa as the seat of Devee Kaatyaayanee and Jagannaath Jee. In Hindu Yog she is attached to the 3rd Chakra - Aagyaa Chakra. Skand Puraan mentions her being created out of the spontaneous anger of Gods, which eventually led to slaying the demon, Mahishaasur, mounted of the lion given to her by Goddess Gauree. This occasion is celebrated during the annual Durgaa Poojaa festival in most parts of India.
Birth of Kaatyaayanee
(2) However Vaaman Puraan gives about her birth in great detail - "When all Devtaa were in great distress and they went to Vishnu, Brahmaa and Shiv for their help, that they emitted fire from their eyes, and from that fire she appeared. She had three eyes, 18 arms and her effulgence was like thousands of Soorya. Shiv gave her his Trishool, Vishnu gave her His Chakra, Varun Dev gave her his Shankh (conch), Agni Dev gave her a dart, Vaayu Dev gave her a bow, Soorya Dev gave her a quiver of arrows, Indra gave her his Vajra, Kuber gave her his mace and Brahmaa Jee gave her his rosary and water-pot. Kaal gave her a shield and Vishwakarmaa gave her a battle axe. Thus equipped with all kinds weapons, Kaatyaayanee proceeded to Vidhyaachal Parvat. There she was spotted by Chand and Mund and they reported her beauty to Mahishaasur. As he heard of her, he asked them to go to her and propose for him. Devee told him that she was ready if he could defeat her. So he came to fight with her. Devee dismounted from her ride lion and climbed on the back of Mahishaasur (he was in the form of a buffalo). She started hitting him with her soft feet on his head that he got unconscious. Then she cut his head and was named as Mahishaasur-mardinee.
Varaah Puraan and Devee Bhaagvat Puraan also give this story.
According to "Tantra", she revealed through the North (Uttaramnaya) face, which is one of the six faces of Shiv. This face is blue in color and with three eyes. She also revealed the Devee - Dakshin Kalikaa, Mahaakaalee, Guhyakah, Shamashaan Kalikaa, Bhadra Kaalee, Ekajataa, Ugra Taaraa (fierce Taaraa), Taritnee, Chhinnamastaa, Neel Saraswatee (Blue Saraswatee), Durgaa, Jayadurgaa, Navadurgaa, Vashoolee, Dhoomaavatee, Vishaalaakshee, Gauree, Bagalaamukhee, Pratyangiraa, Maatangee, Mahishaasur-mardinee, their rites and Mantra.
Worship of Kaatyaayanee Devee
In Tamilnaadu also Kaatyaanee Devee is worshipped. During the Pongal (Thai Pongal), at the time of Makar Sankaranti, young girls pray for rain and prosperity and throughout the month, they avoid milk and milk products. Women take bath early in the morning, and worship the idol of Goddess Kaatyaayanee, carved out of wet sand. The penance ended on the first day of the month of Thai (January–February) in Tamil calendar.
(2) Sri Kaatyaayinee Baaneshwar Temple, Aversa, Karnaatak, built in AD 1510, (Moorti
brought from Goa during Portuguese rule)
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/03
Updated on 02/28/13