Biographies | Men
Both Kritavarmaa and Saatyaki were the cousins of Krishn. But Kritavarmaa fought from Duryodhan's side while Saatyaki fought from Paandav's side in Kurukshetra war. Kritavarmaa was from Yaadav Vansh. His name is mentioned in several Sanskrit texts including Mahaabhaarat, Vishnu Puraan, Bhaagvat Puraan and Hari Vansh. According to Bhaagvat Puraan he was born in Andhak clan of Yaadav Vansh. He was the son of Hridikaa. They had a son named Balee who was married to Krishn and Rukminee's daughter Chaarumatee.
--He was the partial incarnation of Marut Devtaa (MBH 1.67).
Vishnu Puraan says that he was a great devotee of Krishn, but he was not in good terms with Krishn. He actually conspired to kill Satraajit, Krishn's father-in-law (Satyabhaamaa's father) because of Syaamantak Mani.
Kritavarmaa fought with Kaurav in MBH war. Why? Because Duryodhan had asked Krishn's Naaraayanee army before the war took place, and he was the Commander of Chief of that army. At one occasion he defeated Bheem, Shikhandee and Yudhishthir in war. He was one of the three survivors of the MBH war from Kaurav's side, the other two were Kripaachaarya and Ashwatthaamaa. They both helped Ashwathaamaa to kill Paanchaal and Paandav's five sons etc in their camp in the night of the 18th day of the MBH war.
After the war he returned to his kingdom and was later killed by Saatyaki during the final destruction of the Yaadav. Its description is found in Mausal Parv of the MBH.
Kritavarmaa and Syaamantak Mani
Behind them, in Dwaarakaa, a conspiracy created to take Syaamantak Mani from Satraajit. The chief conspirator was Shatadhanvaa. In fact Shatadhanvaa wanted to marry Satyabhaamaa, the daughter of Satraajit, but Satraajit married Satyabhaamaa to Krishn along with Syaamantak Mani, but Krishn returned his Mani back. Shatadhanvaa then conspired with Akroor and Kritavarmaa to take that Mani from Satraajit. They planned to kill Satraajit and take away the Mani from him, so Shatadhanvaa killed Satraajit one night in sleep and brought the Mani from him. Since Krishn was not at home Satyabhaamaa was also present at home. She immediately sent the message to Krishn and Krishn came back to Dwaarakaa and started planning to kill Shatadhanvaa.
Hearing this Shatadhanvaa went to Kritavarmaa for his help to save his life, but Kritavarmaa refused to help him. Even Akroor also refused to help him. Shatadhanvaa got frightened and ran away riding on a fast horse. Krishn and Balaraam followed him. Running, Shatadhanvaa's horse got tired, fell down and died in a garden house of Mithilaa. Shatadhanvaa started running on foot, and so Krishn and Balaraam too. Once Krishn took out his Chakra and killed Shatadhanvaa. He then searched Shatadhanvaa but did not find Mani on him. Balaraam Jee suggested that maybe he had kept Mani with somebody else. So Krishn came back to Dwaarakaa, performed all due ceremonies of His father-in-law.
Akroor and Kritavarmaa had incited Shatadhanvaa to kill Satraajit, but when they heard that Krishn had kill Shatadhanvaa, they both got afraid and left the city. As Akroor Jee left the city, Dwaarakaa people felt unsecured and started facing difficulties because of Akroor's absence. Once drought and famine were experienced in Kaashee, so the Kaashee King married his daughter Gandinee to Shwaphalk (Akroor's father) and there was rain. They believed that Akroor also had such powers, so as he left Dwaarakaa they started feeling difficulties in Dwaarakaa. When Krishn heard this, He called Akroor to Dwaarakaa. Akroor came there.
Krishn said to Akroor - "I know that you Shatadhanvaa has left the Mani with you. This Mani belongs to Satraajit, and now there is no appropriate claimant of this Mani - Satraajit has no male issue, Satyabhaamaa is not very interested in it, maybe Satybhaamaa's expectant son might claim it. For your information, this jewel is very powerful and any ordinary man cannot keep it. You are very pious so you can keep it, but the problem is that my elder brother Balaramm does not agree that the jewel is with you, so I request you to show that jewel to him and my other relations so that they can believe me that I have not taken that jewel. You cannot deny that you don't have that jewel as you have been doing many kinds of religious activities with its gold. Akroor understood that now there was nothing he could do, so he showed the jewel to all, krishn showed that jewel to all and gave it back to Akroor.
Kritavarmaa Helps Ashwatthaamaa
Krishn Brings Kritavarmaa's Dead Son Alive
Both Vasudev and Krishn are informed that Devakee has left for Kritavarmaa's house. Krishn gets concerned and He also sets off for Kritavarmaa's place. Revatee and Rukminee are already at Kritavarmaa's place. As Devakee enters, Kritavarmaa's wife is horrified to see her, and asks her husband why's she here. They invite Devakee to sit down, but Devakee refuses to do that until she's held the kid in her arms. She goes and takes the kid in her lap, and then goes on to feed him something. The kid swoons.
Kritavarmaa's wife has a meltdown, and she accuses Devakee of being a curse on both her own first 6 kids, and now others. Revatee protests at her remarks, and Rukminee looks shocked, while Kritavarmaa's tirade continues, Devakee is in tears at her comments. Kritavarmaa tries to stop her saying all that, but in vain.
Krishn arrives there and upbraids Kritavarmaa for not controlling his wife, His wife tells him weeping that he would never understand her heart and mind condition not being a mother. Krishn vows to get that kid his life back, and sets off. Krishn rode in his chariot for Yam Lok, and is confronted by a guard at Yam's palace. Krishn explains to him that how His mother had lost her first 6 sons when they were not even born, and tells him that their souls haven't been liberated yet, and how Devakee is considered inauspicious wherever she goes. The guard laughs at Krishn, and Krishn tells him that He understands that it's against the laws of nature, but at the same time, He does have to fulfill His duties as a son.
The guard threatens Krishn and sends a fireball in His way. Krishn sends his Sudarshan Chakra at it and destroys it. Then Krishn's Sudarshan Chakra reaches the guard's neck, and starts rotating there. The guard panics, and releases the souls of the babies (wasn't sure whether it's just Devakee's sons, or Kritavarmaa's as well) and gives them to Krishn. Krishn withdraws His Chakra. The guard sulks that Yam will surely punish Krishn. However, Krishn, having received those souls in the shape of a crystal ball, is satisfied.
Created by Sushma Gupta On 5/27/04
Modified on 04/13/13