Astrology | Panchaang
See also Tithi for its detailed description and Devtaa of Tithi etc etc
Tithi is also a part of Panchaang. This word is used in Indian Lunar month days. In whatever period of time the Moon revolves around the Earth, is known as one Tithi. Thus when the Moon has revolved around the Earth 30 times, one month is passed. Since the Moon takes a little less that 24 hours to revolve around the Earth, a Lunar Tithi is shorter than a Solar day (24 hours) and thus a Lunar month is also shorter than the Solar Day (30 days).
They are 16 in number and repeat once through the month in a specific sequence. One month contains two Paksh according to Moon's waning and waxing situation. In North India the month starts on the first day after the Full Moon; while in Southern India and Gujaraat etc states it starts with the first day after the New Moon day. The names of these Tithi are as follows -
(1) Padavaa, or Padyaami,
or Pratipadaa, or Prathamaa
How to Calculate a
Lunar month is of about 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes (29.53 days).
This is the month when the Moon is not near any Nakshatra (stellar constellation) and the Sun has not entered any Raashi or Sign of Zodiac. Complicated as this is, it is easy to remember at the Adhik Maas balances the Lunar and Solar calendars. Also because the Earth's rotation around the Sun is slightly slower during the months of July-October, normally the Adhik Maas comes in this period only. Shraavan, Bhaadrapad, Aashwin are the common Adhik Maas months. In the year 2004, the Adhik Maas (month) started on July 18 and ended on August, 15.
Created and Maintained by Sushma Gupta
Created on 05/18/2008 and Updated on 11/08/2012