Dashaa means period. So when a birth chart is drawn, Dashaa
is also known for the child. There are many Dashaa systems are in vogue.
Most important Dashaa Systems are --
Kaal Chakra Dashaa
Sudarshan Chakra Dashaa
Mostly astrologers use Vinshottaree Dashaa,
because Vinshottaree Dashaa System is used for rough calculations and then
the specialized people use Kaal Chakra
Dashaa System for the fine-tuning birth time rectification. Under
Vinshottaree Dashaa system, a human being's age is 120 years and it covers
all the 9 Graha (Planets) Mahaa Dashaa periods. See the Table below under
two headings - "Graha Mahaa Dashaa" and their "Period of Dashaa".
How to Know Which
Mahaa Dashaa is Running?
Graha Mahaa Dashaa is decided by the
Nakshatra in which the Moon resides at the time of birth. All Dashaa goes
in the same sequence as they are given here. Why? Because the Vinshottaree
Dashaa system depends on Nakshatra, and Nakshatra go in a sequence. This can be
explained by the following table --
Graha Mahaa Dashaa
If one is born in, for
example, in Bharanee, P-Phaalgunee or P-Aashaadhaa Nakshatra, he will be
considered born in Shukra's Mahaa Dashaa. One should know the Jaatak's
Mahaa Dashaa like this for all the Janm Nakshatra. Each Mahaa Dashaa has
its own time period. See below "How to calculate Native's remnant Dashaa
Actually in their Mahaa Dashaa and Antar-Dashaa periods, generally planets give effects
as per their strength and their
BPHS Dashaadhyaaya - Antar-Dashaa
of a functional Malefic in his own Mahaa Dashaa gives good results; whereas that
of a functional benefic in his own Mahaa Dashaa gives ill results. This is the
principle of contraindications.
Mahaa Dashaa, Antar-Dashaa, Pratyantar
Dashaa, Sookshm Dashaa
In practice, it is sufficient to these three basic levels: Mahaa Dashaa -
Antar-Dashaa - Pratyantar Dashaa. If you have exact birth time and within
long Pratyantar Dashaa (eg in Saturn, Raahu, Mercury, Jupiter periods)
you can include the 4th level, Sookshm Dashaa (Sookshm Antar-Dashaa ) as
For Very Beginners:
Mahaa Dashaa (MD) are the main planetary periods,
divided by sub-periods called Antar-dashaa (AD). Sub-periods are divided by
sub-sub-periods called Pratyandar-dashaa (PD), which are subdivided by
sub-sub-sub-periods called Sookshm-dashaa (SD), which can be further subdivided into
Maha Dashaa : shows general direction, the coloring and general
trend of a life period, for many years
Antar-Dashaa: shows concrete events and occurrences .
Pratyantar Dashaa : activates and causes concrete occurrences.
Therefore, looking at Antar-Dashaa and Pratyantar Dashaa are most important
for timing events and predictions
Types of Dashaa
[BPHS, Ch. 46]
2-5. Maharshi Paraashar replied. O Braahman!
Dashaa are of many kinds.
Amongst them Vinshottaree is the most appropriate for the general populace.
But the other Dashaa, followed in special cases, are Ashtottaree,
Shodashottaree, Dwaadashottaree, Panchottaree, Shataabdik, Chaturshiti-Sama,
Dwisaptati-Sama, Shashtihayani, Shat-Trinshat-Sama. Our ancients have described
these different kinds of Dashaa, based on Nakshatra.
6-11. O Braahman! Some Maharshi have made a mention of Kaal and Chakra
Dashaa, but they have recognized the Kaal Chakra Dashaa, as supreme. The
other kinds of Dashaa, propagated by the sages, are Char, Sthir, Kendra,
Kaarak, Brahm Graha, Mandook, Shool, Yogaardh, Drig, Trikon, Raashi,
Panch-swar, Yoginee, Pind, Naisargik, Asht Varg, Sandhyaa, Paachak, Taaraa
etc, but in our view all these Dashaa are not appropriate.
Why Different Dashaa
Every Dashaa system looks at our life from a very different perspective.
Life - particularly a human being's life - is a very complicated issue;
the ancient sages have been knowing this very well and
therefore they developed more than one Dashaa system.
P.V.R. Rao absolutely correctly states in his textbook 'Vedic Astrology:
An integrated approach' (parts of this book available in JHora help):
'When we learn a new Dashaa, the first question we should ask is "when
should it be applied and what results should be seen in it". It is
illogical to use 10 different Dashaas interchangeably. Mixing up various
Dashaa without knowing the subtle differences between them results in
vague explanations. An intelligent astrologer will realize that different
Dashaa are good at showing different kinds of events. Even when different
Dashaa show the same event, they show it from different angles and focus on
different aspects of the same event. Without appreciating this, one cannot
understand why Maharshi described tens, if not hundreds, of Dashaa
Multiple Dashaa Systems
1. At first look at which level the native is in Naisargik stage (Naisargik
Dashaa MD level primarily).
2. Then look at
Kaal Dashaa and define in which time background the
native is currently living.
3. Then look at
Mool Dashaa - based on strongest planet in a Kendra, from
Lagna, Moon or Sun - and look for the roots, the fundament of the current
experiences of your client. Mool Dashaa is the ground, the basement, the
root of your life.
4. Look then at
Vinshottaree Dashaa which is based on Moon's Nakshatra at
birth, your 'birth star'. Moon shows your mind, attitudes, habitudes and
how your mind is manifesting events - or simply the
color of your different life periods. According to Phal Deepika, Vinshottaree Dashaa
starts from Krittikaa (Sun's Nakshatra), Krittikaa is the true birth of the
zodiac (Ashwinee is the conception, Bharanee is the pregnancy).
Vinshottaree Dashaa is the head and the brain of your life, your mind and
mentality (conscious and, moreover, unconscious).
5. Then look at very important Kaal Chakra Dashaa, based on Moon's Navaansh
placement at birth. Kaal Chakra shows the evolution of your hidden Navaansh
(D-9) potential in your life - it is based on Nakshatra Pad/ Navaansh
(3°20' segments). Kaal Chakra Dashaa is what you see with your eyes in
distance - what you want to reach in your life, the destination. It is a
very reliable Dashaa indeed.
calculation method is 'Ranchacharya Method' - change this option in your
software (although 'Nakshatra Pad Iteration Method' seems to work as
well. Santhanam or Raman method is a wrong calculation method - taking
Antar-Dashaa sequences stated in BPHS seriously).
6. Then look at applicable
Conditional Dashaa (Shat Trinsh Sama Dashaa or
Shodashottaree - one of both is always applicable). Look if the correct AD
sequences are given in Ashtottaree and Shodashottaree,
according to BPHS it must begin with the MD Lord. Conditional Dashaa show
the development of Sun, Moon or relevant Graha in your life, including
all influences we know (particular Nakshatra, Tithi,
strong planets). They can become dominant in your life. They show your
feet - how you are running towards reaching your life goals.
7. For material manifestations look at
Chara / Naaraayan Dashaa, particularly
regarding Arudhaa (placements from Arudhaa Lagna, Arudhaa Bhaav and Arudhaa
8. Next look should go at
Sudarshana Chakra Dashaa (if applicable), the
annual progression of Lagna, Moon and the Sun. And you can track Tithi
Pravesh Annual Chart with Vinshottaree / Conditional Dashaa for short-term
9. Last glance at annual solar chart (Taajak Chart), which is based on the
annual solar return in a native's life.
You see, each Dashaa lightens human life from a very different perspective.
All perspectives seen together enable good and correct predictions.
I (Revati) won't work with
Char or Narayana Dashaa any more and I cannot recommend it, but everyone
has the liberty to draw one's own and perhaps different conclusions. I will
stick to and work with Varnad and Chakra Dashaa; Mool Dashaa as mixed Dashaa
('Graha in Raashi Dashaa') of course as well as Nakshatra Dashaa.
Char / Naaraayan
- Raashi Dashaa based on a fixed sequence of Raashi (unlike as in Mool Dashaa)
- described in Jaimini Sutras and therefore part of Jaimini astrology -
Naaraayan Dashaa shows Maayaa (illusions) and manifestation, how you are
perceived in the world and the results/effects thereof
- Jaimini astrology is based on Arudhas (of Bhaav and Graha) and Chara
Kaarak (Jaimini almost did not use natural karakas as Parashara) -
therefore use Arudhaa and Chara Kaarak for determination of results
is necessary (and argala placements thereof!)
- Naaraayan is highly reliable (if you use Arudhas and Chara Karakas)
- Dashaa based on the natural progress of time based on birth time
- described in BPHS
- As it is based on the normal sequence of planet we know from the
weekdays sequence, only natural significations of planets is important
(not their placements in chart)
- Kaal Dashaa provides the background of our life, the frame; it supports
or limits other Dashaa' effects
- Dashaa based on Navaansh (Nakshatra Pad)
- described in BPHS and Phaala Deepika (attention: only *Nakshatra Pada
Iteration Method* is correct looking at the ancient masters!)
- Kaal Chakra Dashaa shows evolution of your hidden potential and experiences
enabling it, the development of your personality - it shows opportunities
and fortunes (but dangers and problems as well) - you have to look at
first in your D-9 chart, then in your D-1 to make correct predictions.
Kaal Chakra Dashaa in fact indicates nothing but the evolution of your
Dharm in this incarnation! - KCD is highly reliable
Navaansh is hinting
at your future, showing in a way the end effect, the final result of your
horoscope - the aim, the goal. Navaansh shows hidden strengths inside you
and the need to develop them
in your life! Nava-Navaansh (D-81) then would be the next step after
reaching your Navaansh, it hints into your further future. So Kaal Chakra
Dashaa 'the most respectable of all' indicates important
events in your life as well - it is from my point of view the real
'Dharm' Dashaa - the Dashaa of D-9, Navaansh!
- Dashaa based on Raashi, on the sequence of the most powerful Graha in
Raashi more exactly. The most reliable Dashaa - the first look should go
to Mool Dashaa.
- Mool Dashaa is described in Phal Deepikaa by Mantreshwar.
- It shows the roots, basics, fundaments of your life, the true reality
behind it. It indicates the main experiences for your true self.
- It is started from Lagna, Moon or Sun, whichever is stronger, and you
should count houses from the basic reference (La, Mo, Su) and - as usual -
take MD Lord as Lagna for Antar-Dashaa periods (and then AD Lord as Lagna for
Dashaa, Conditional Dashaa
- Dashaa based on Nakshatra and their sequence (which is normal in
Vinshottaree Dashaa and special in Conditional Dashaa)
- Vinshottaree Dashaa is described in BPHS and Phaal Deepika. - It shows
your mind and his evolution, development, how your mind, mentality and
consciousness creates your world and manifests particular experiences.
- Conditional Dashaa throw light on particular constellations in your natal
- Dashaa interpretation should be started by the nakshatra placement of the
MD, AD, PD Dashaa Lord, then regarding the three Nakshatra lordships of the
MD, AD, PD Dashaa Lord (and the planets posited in Nakshatra of the Dashaa
Lord). Of course Raashi / Bhaav in which these Nakshatra are placed are
very important as well.
- Vinshottaree is highly reliable (but be aware of correct birth time and
correct Ayanaansh use - correct Ayanaansh is slightly different from
standard value, between 0 deg 1 min and 0 deg 2 min - which can results up
to three weeks difference in timing)
12-14. Beginning from Krittikaa, the Lords of
Dashaa are Soorya, Chandra,
Mangal, Raahu, Guru, Shani, Budh, Ketu and Shukra in that order. Thus, if
the Nakshatra from Krittikaa to the Janma Nakshatra are divided by nine,
the remainder will signify the Lord of the commencing Dashaa. The
remaining Dashas will be of the Graha in the order, given above. In Kali
Yug the natural life-span of a human being is generally taken, as 120
years. Therefore Vinshottaree Dashaa is considered to be the most
appropriate and the best of all Dashaa.
15. The periods of Dashaa of Soorya, Chandra, Mangal, Raahu, Guru, Shani,
Budh, Ketu and Shukra are 6, 10, 7, 18, 16, 19, 17, 7 and 20 in that
16. To find out the remainder
of the Dashaa, operating at the time of birth, first find out the expired
portion of the Dashaa of the concerned Graha. This is done, as follows --
Multiply the Dashaa period of the Graha concerned by the period of the stay
of Chandra in Janma Nakshatra, that has expired and divide that amount by the
total period of the stay of Chandra in that Nakshatra. The figure in years,
months etc so arrived at will be the expired period of the Dashaa. If this
figure is deducted from the total period of the Dashaa, we will get the balance
of Dashaa at the time of birth.
[Phal Deepikaa, Ch. 19]
2. Count the stars from Krittikaa in groups of nine. The planets presiding
over the Dashaas belonging to the nine Nakshatras composing each group are
respectively the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Raahu, Jupiter, Saturn, Mercury,
Ketu and Venus and the span of their Dashaa periods are respectively 6,
10, 7, 18, 16, 19, 17, 7 and 20 years.
See the Table above to clarify
what has been mentioned above:
3. Now is described the method
of finding the remainder of the Dashaa of planet at the time of birth.
Find out the Nakshatra in which the Moon is posited at birth and for how
many Ghatikaa it will remain after birth in that Nakshatra. Multiply
those Ghatikaa by the total period of the Dashaa and divide it by 60. The
quotient will represent the period in years still to elapse. Any remainder
remaining may be converted into months by multiplying by 30 and dividing
by 60 and so on.
[Horasara of Prithuyasas, Ch. 31]
The Dashaa periods, in the scheme of Nakshatra Dashaa, otherwise known, as
Udu Dasha, or Vimshottaree Dashaa, are: 6, 10, 7, 18, 16, 19, 17, 7 and 20
years, respectively, for Soorya, Chandra, Mangal, Raahu, Guru, Shani, Budha,
Ketu and Shukra. These Dashaas are Lorded by the Graha in the above order,
counted from the Nakshatra Krittikaa. The order of the Dashaas counts from
one's birth Nakshatra (ie the one occupied by Chandra), or the Nakshatra, in
which Lagna is rising at birth.
The ending periods of all the
Graha will be normally evil. During the conclusion of the Dashaa of Soorya,
Mangal, Shani and Raahu, there will be diseases, destruction of wealth, disputes
and evil incidents. The native's death can occur during the Dashaa of a Grah Yuti
with a malefic, or with Randhra's Lord.
The Dashaa of the particular
Nakshatra, which is occupied by a malefic Graha, will bring about sorrow.
The extent traversed in the said Nakshatra by the said cruel Graha will
indicate the possible time.
In the three groups of Nakshatra,
if there is a weak malefic without Drishti from a benefic, such Dashaa will cause
death in its end.
In the Dashaa of a Graha occupying
Raashi Sandhi (ie the area, where one Raashi ends and the other one starts), there
will be diseases. In the end of the Dashaa of the Graha, that heads towards the 30th
degree of the Rashi concerned, death will take place.
The portion still to elapse in
the Janma Nakshatra should be multiplied by the Dashaa years (as mentioned in
Shlok 1 of this Ch) and divided by 60. The quotient will indicate the years to
lapse, as yet in the Dashaa concerned. Similar calculations should be made
through the remainder to ascertain the months etc.
The Dashaa effects should be
predicted in the same order (from the balance of Janma Dashaa obtained, as
per Shlok 17). To obtain the Bhukti period of one Graha in the Dashaa of another
Planet, multiply the figure of years mutually and divide by 120. The Bhukti
period in years is revealed. The effects of Antar-Dashaa stated earlier, should
The results of Ketu will be, like that of
Mangal, while Raahu's effects will be, like Shani's. The other Graha produce even effects
due to their nature. Thus, the good and bad of the Dashaa should be understood.
The effects of the Nakshatra (ie
Vinshottaree Dashaa system) is acceptable to all, as stated. After very minutely
examining these, the Dashaa results should be predicted.
Should Soorya in transit reach the
Raashi occupied by the Bhukti Lord at birth, the effects will be marked to the
The effects should be calculated from
the stronger of the two, ie Chandra and Lagna at birth.
[Jaimini Sutras, Adhyaaya 2, Pad 4]
[Nakshatra Dashaa to be taken over
from Paraashar and others]
SU. 18. Dashaa counted from the constellations at birth have to be learned and taken
from Paraashar, Gargi, Vyasa and other well-known writers.
[Note by Revati: Vinshottaree Dashaa is
not mentioned in Kalyana Varmas Saravali - the only Dashaa it mentions is Mool Dashaa.]
How Jupiter can be treated as
benefic if it happens to be in 6th House from Lagna?
1. BPHS-Ch 49 -Results of Dashaa - Shlok 2 and 3 means:
"Dashaa emanates two types of results, one of the general nature based
on the Swabhaav of the planes (Planet's Swabhaav is decided by the Lordship of
houses as per rules given in chapter 34 -Yog Kaarak of BPHS and Laghu Paraasari)
and the second one of special category based on the placement of planets (many rules
are given in BPHS, Phaldeepika chapter 6, Jaatak Paarijaat chapter 11, Madhya Paraasari
etc) .The results of the planet will also depend on the strength of the planets.
Now come to the Lordship of
Jupiter of 6th House, which is possible in two cases:
1. For Cancer Lagna
Jupiter is prime Benefic.
Lord of Trisadaya are Paapee, which means they generate lot of desire,
anger, ego and greed , otherwise they are good for material prosperity
being Lord of Upachaya houses also.
For Cancer Lagna , Jupiter is the lord of 6H as well as 9H. The Lord of 9H becomes
powerful benefic that too when Jupiter is the Lord.
In Shlok 7 of ch 34 of BPHS , Paraashar teaches us: When a planet is Lord of two
houses, its ownership of more predominant house will stall the effects due to another
owning comparatively less prominent house and will give its results accordingly.
Jupiter is also friendly to Lagna Lord Moon.
Thus BPHS has termed Jupiter as benefic for Cancer Lagna. This does not mean
that the effects of 6H Lordship will extinguish. It will and generate Astra
or Harsa Yogas as per Phal Deepikaa Ch 6.
2. For Libra Lagna
Jupiter becomes the Lord of 3rd
and 6th Houses. A prime benefic, when becomes the Lord of two Upachaya places
gives lot of material benefits. Bhaavaarth Ratnaakar says that Jupiter gives
Yog results for Libra Lagna.